Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Overview (cont.)

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What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?

Patients may live long and fruitful lives with controlled and stable congestive heart failure. However, when heart failure decompensates and the patient required hospitalization, there is a significant mortality risk of more than 20% at 1 year. Patients with NYHA stage IV failure have a mortality rate of up to 50%.

Can congestive heart failure be prevented?

Congestive heart failure is the result of an underlying illness, often atherosclerotic heart disease. Controlling those risk factors may help with congestive heart failure prevention. These include lifelong control of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes and smoking cessation. High blood pressure and diabetes are independent risks for congestive heart failure. Alcohol and drug abuse may be a cause of heart failure.

REFERENCES:

Roger, Veronique L., et al. on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. "Heart disease and stroke statistics -- 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association." Circulation 123.4 (2011): e18-e209.

Ho, K. K., et al. "The epidemiology of heart failure: the Framingham Study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology 22.4 Suppl A (1993): 6A-13A.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/16/2013

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