Table of Contents
- Congestive heart failure facts
- What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
- What causes congestive heart failure?
- What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
- What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure? (Continued)
- What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
- How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
- What tests diagnose congestive heart failure?
- What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
- What about diet, exercise, fluid management, and weight control?
- Fluid regulation
- Weight maintenance
- What is the long-term prognosis for patients with congestive heart failure?
- Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
- How does someone cope with congestive heart failure?
Quick GuideAm I Having a Heart Attack? Symptoms of Heart Disease
What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure? (Continued)
The New York Heart Association has developed a scale that is commonly used to determine the functional capabilities of a patient with heart failure.
New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification of Heart Failure
- Class I - Patients without limitation of physical activity.
- Class II - Patients with slight limitation of physical capacity, in which marked increase in physical activity leads to fatigue, palpitations, dyspnea, or angina pain; they are comfortable at rest.
- Class III - Patients with marked limitation of physical activity in which minimal ordinary activity results in fatigue, palpitation, dyspnea, or angina pain; they are comfortable at rest.
- Class IV - Patients who are not only unable to carry on any physical activity without discomfort but who also have symptoms of heart failure or the angina syndrome even at rest; the patient's discomfort increases if any physical activity is undertaken.
Roger, Veronique L., et al. on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. "Heart disease and stroke statistics -- 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association." Circulation 123.4 (2011): e18-e209.
Ho, K. K., et al. "The epidemiology of heart failure: the Framingham Study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology 22.4 Suppl A (1993): 6A-13A.