Table of Contents
- Congestive heart failure facts
- What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
- What causes congestive heart failure?
- What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
- What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure? (Continued)
- What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
- How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
- What tests diagnose congestive heart failure?
- What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
- What about diet, exercise, fluid management, and weight control?
- Fluid regulation
- Weight maintenance
- What is the long-term prognosis for patients with congestive heart failure?
- Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
- How does someone cope with congestive heart failure?
Quick GuideHeart Health: Symptoms of Heart Disease and Heart Attack
What causes congestive heart failure?
Many disease processes can impair the pumping efficiency of the heart to cause congestive heart failure. In the United States, the most common causes of congestive heart failure are:
- Coronary artery disease
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Longstanding alcohol abuse
- Disorders of the disorders of the heart valves
- Unknown (idiopathic) causes, such as after recovery from myocarditis
Less common causes include viral infections of the stiffening of the heart muscle, thyroid disorders, disorders of the heart rhythm, and many others.
It should also be noted that in patients with underlying heart disease, taking certain medications can lead to the development or worsening of congestive heart failure. This is especially true for those drugs that can cause sodium retention or affect the power of the heart muscle. Examples of such medications are the commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include ibuprofen (Motrin and others) and naproxen (Aleve and others) as well as certain steroids, some medication for type 2 diabetes, for example, rosiglitazone (Avandia) or pioglitazone (Actos), and some calcium channel blockers (CCBs).
Roger, Veronique L., et al. on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. "Heart disease and stroke statistics -- 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association." Circulation 123.4 (2011): e18-e209.
Ho, K. K., et al. "The epidemiology of heart failure: the Framingham Study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology 22.4 Suppl A (1993): 6A-13A.