Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

  • Medical Author:
    Daniel Lee Kulick, MD, FACC, FSCAI

    Dr. Kulick received his undergraduate and medical degrees from the University of Southern California, School of Medicine. He performed his residency in internal medicine at the Harbor-University of California Los Angeles Medical Center and a fellowship in the section of cardiology at the Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center. He is board certified in Internal Medicine and Cardiology.

  • Medical Author: Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
    Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM

    Dr. Ben Wedro practices emergency medicine at Gundersen Clinic, a regional trauma center in La Crosse, Wisconsin. His background includes undergraduate and medical studies at the University of Alberta, a Family Practice internship at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario and residency training in Emergency Medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.

  • Medical Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

Quick GuideHeart Health Pictures Slideshow: 12 Possible Heart Symptoms Never to Ignore

Heart Health Pictures Slideshow: 12 Possible Heart Symptoms Never to Ignore

What causes congestive heart failure?

Many disease processes can impair the pumping efficiency of the heart to cause congestive heart failure. In the United States, the most common causes of congestive heart failure are:

Less common causes include viral infections of the stiffening of the heart muscle, thyroid disorders, disorders of the heart rhythm, and many others.

It should also be noted that in patients with underlying heart disease, taking certain medications can lead to the development or worsening of congestive heart failure. This is especially true for those drugs that can cause sodium retention or affect the power of the heart muscle. Examples of such medications are the commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include ibuprofen (Motrin and others) and naproxen (Aleve and others) as well as certain steroids, some medication for type 2 diabetes, for example, rosiglitazone (Avandia) or pioglitazone (Actos), and some calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Continue Reading

Reviewed on 5/19/2016
References
REFERENCES:

Roger, Veronique L., et al. on behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. "Heart disease and stroke statistics -- 2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association." Circulation 123.4 (2011): e18-e209.

Ho, K. K., et al. "The epidemiology of heart failure: the Framingham Study." Journal of the American College of Cardiology 22.4 Suppl A (1993): 6A-13A.

IMAGES:

1. iStock

2. Getty Images

3. iStock

4. Getty Images

5. iStock

6. iStock

7. iStock

8. iStock

9. iStock

10. iStock

11. iStock

12. iStock

13. iStock

14. Getty Images

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Heart Health Newsletter

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

VIEW PATIENT COMMENTS
  • Congestive Heart Failure - Symptoms

    What symptoms do you experience with congestive heart failure?

    Post View 45 Comments
  • Congestive Heart Failure - Treatment

    What treatment did you have for congestive heart failure?

    Post View 14 Comments
  • Congestive Heart Failure - Prognosis

    What's your prognosis with congestive heart failure?

    Post View 14 Comments
  • Congestive Heart Failure - Causes

    What are the underlying causes of your congestive heart failure?

    Post View 10 Comments
  • Congestive Heart Failure - Lifestyle Changes

    Have you made any lifestyle modifications including diet or exercise?

    Post View 2 Comments

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors