Congenital Heart Disease Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Congenital Heart Disease. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Congenital Heart Disease or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for ascites?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Heart Murmur A heart murmur is the sound generated when blood flow within the heart is not smooth. Causes of heart murmurs can be functional,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Murmur Article
    • Heart murmur facts
    • What is a heart murmur?
    • What causes a heart murmur?
    • What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
    • When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
    • How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
    • What are the complications of a heart murmur?
    • Can a heart murmur be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is also also known as "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome." Mitral valve prolapse is the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) Article
    • Mitral valve prolapse facts
    • What is mitral valve prolapse?
    • What are the sign and symptoms of mitral valve prolapse?
    • How is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for mitral valve prolapse?
  • Aortic Stenosis Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Stenosis Article
    • Aortic valve stenosis facts
    • What is aortic stenosis?
    • What causes aortic stenosis?
    • How does aortic stenosis affect the left ventricle pump?
    • What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?
    • What might the doctor find in patients with aortic stenosis?
    • How is aortic stenosis diagnosed?
    • How is aortic stenosis treated?
  • Aortic Dissection Aortic dissection is a small tear in the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and supplies blood to the body. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Dissection Article
    • Aortic dissection facts
    • Introduction to aortic dissection
    • What are the causes of aortic dissection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of aortic dissection?
    • How is aortic dissection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for aortic dissection?
    • What is the prognosis for aortic dissection?
    • Can aortic dissection be prevented?
  • Endocarditis Endocarditis, a serious infection of one of the four heart valves is caused by growth of bacteria on one of the heart valves;...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endocarditis Article
    • Endocarditis facts
    • What is endocarditis?
    • What causes endocarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of endocarditis?
    • Who is at risk for endocarditis?
    • How is endocarditis diagnosed?
    • How is endocarditis treated?
  • How the Heart Works The heart is a very important organ in the body. It is responsible for continuously pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    How the Heart Works Article
    • Introduction to how the heart works
    • How does blood travel through the heart?
    • Where is your heart and what does it look like?
    • How does blood flow through the heart?
    • How does blood flow through your lungs?
    • What are the coronary arteries?
    • How does the heart beat?
  • Heart Failure Heart failure is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Failure Article
    • What is Heart Failure?
    • What Causes Heart Failure?
    • What are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?
    • What are the Types of Heart Failure?
    • How is Heart Failure Diagnosed?
    • How is Heart Failure Treated?
    • Stages of Heart Failure
    • How Can I Prevent Heart Failure From Worsening?
    • How Can I Prevent Further Heart Damage?
    • What Medications Should I Avoid?
    • How Can I Improve My Quality of Life?
    • What Surgical Procedures are Used to Treat Heart Failure?
    • Treatment is a Team Effort
    • What is the Outlook for People with Heart Failure?
  • Birth Defects Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Defects Article
    • Birth defects facts*
    • What are birth defects?
    • What causes birth defects?
    • What are the different types of birth defects?
    • What are the treatments for birth defects?
  • Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Article
    • What is heart disease?
    • What are the risk factors for heart disease?
    • What causes heart disease?
    • What are the symptoms of heart disease?
    • How is heart disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart disease?
    • What is the prognosis for heart disease?
    • Can heart disease be prevented?
  • Ventricular Septal Defect A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart malformation. A VSD is a hole in the wall of the heart's two lower...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ventricular Septal Defect Article
    • Ventricular septal defect facts
    • What is a ventricular septal defect (VSD)?
    • How common is a VSD?
    • What is the normal design of the heart?
    • How do VSDs cause problems?
    • How is a VSD diagnosed? What are the symptoms of a VSD?
    • What if the VSD is small?
    • How is a small VSD treated?
    • What if the VSD is large?
    • How is a large VSD treated?
    • What types of surgery are available to correct a VSD?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) after a VSD is repaired?
    • What are complications of VSD surgery?
    • What about unusual cases of VSD?
    • What are long-term precautions with VSDs?
  • Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a syndrome is an inherited genetic syndrome characterized by aortic aneurysms in children. Children with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Article
    • Loeys-Dietz syndrome facts
    • What is Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • Is Loeys-Dietz syndrome inherited?
    • What causes Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome treated?
  • Noonan Syndrome Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes birth defects (congenital malformations) such as short stature, caved-in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Noonan Syndrome Article
    • Noonan syndrome facts*
    • What is Noonan syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Noonan syndrome?
    • How common is Noonan syndrome?
    • What genes are related to Noonan syndrome?
    • How do people inherit Noonan syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for Noonan syndrome?
  • Birth Control Methods There are a variety of birth control methods to choose from. It varies from person to person and their preferences to either...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Control Methods Article
    • Introduction to birth control methods
    • Hormonal methods (including oral contraceptives)
    • Barrier methods (including condoms)
    • Natural methods
    • Surgical sterilization (tubal ligation or vasectomy)
    • Contraceptives after unprotected sex (morning after pill)
    • IUDs (intrauterine devices)
    • Conclusion
  • Urine Blockage in Newborns There are many syndromes and defects that may cause urine blockage in newborns. Defects in the urinary tract that may cause urine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urine Blockage in Newborns Article
    • What are the types of defects in the urinary tract?
    • What syndromes may affect the urinary tract?
    • How are problems and birth defects of the urinary tract diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for urine blockage in newborns?
    • What research is being done on urine blockage in newborns?
    • Where can people find more information on urine blockage in newborns?
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?

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