Complete Blood Count (CBC)

  • Medical Author:
    Siamak N. Nabili, MD, MPH

    Dr. Nabili received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), majoring in chemistry and biochemistry. He then completed his graduate degree at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). His graduate training included a specialized fellowship in public health where his research focused on environmental health and health-care delivery and management.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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Complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to assist in diagnosing certain diseases and conditions.

What Does a High White Platelet Count Mean?

Medical Author: Benjamin Wedro, MD, FAAEM
Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Viewer Question: What are some of the potential diagnoses when a person has a high platelet count? (Platelet count approximately 420?)

Dr. Stöppler's Response: Platelets are the smallest cell-like structures in the bloodand are important for blood clotting and plugging damaged blood vessels. Platelet countsare usually done by laboratory machines that also count other blood elements such as the white and red cells. Normal platelet counts are in the range of 150,000 to 400,000 per microliter (or 150 - 400 x 109 per liter), but the normal rangefor the platelet count varies slightly among different laboratories.

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What are the components of the complete blood count (CBC)?

The complete blood count, or CBC, lists a number of many important values. Typically, it includes the following:

  • White blood cell count (WBC or leukocyte count)
  • WBC differential count
  • Red blood cell count (RBC or erythrocyte count)
  • Hematocrit (Hct)
  • Hemoglobin (Hbg)
  • Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)
  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
  • Red cell distribution width (RDW)
  • Platelet count
  • Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
Reviewed on 1/24/2014
References
Medically reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, MD, MBA, FAAFP; American Board of Family Medicine

REFERENCE:

National Institutes of Health
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003642.htm

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