Colonoscopy Index

Featured: Colonoscopy Main Article

A colonoscopy is a procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the rectum for the purpose of inspecting the colon. Colonoscopy is the best method currently available to diagnose, detect, and treat abnormalities within the colon.

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    • Colitis Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colitis Article
      • Colitis facts
      • What is colitis?
      • What are the causes (types) of colitis?
      • Infectious colitis
      • Ischemic colitis
      • Inflammatory bowel disease
      • Microscopic colitis
      • Allergic colitis in infants
      • What are the symptoms of colitis?
      • When should I contact my doctor about colitis?
      • How is colitis diagnosed?
      • How is colitis treated?
      • What is the prognosis for a patient with colitis?
    • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
      • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
      • What is diverticulosis?
      • What is diverticulitis?
      • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
      • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
      • Is there a special diet or digestive supplement that can treat or prevent diverticulitis symptoms?
      • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
      • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
      • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
      • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
      • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
    • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. ...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Itching Article
      • Anal itching facts
      • What is anal itching?
      • What causes anal itching?
      • What are additional symptoms associated with anal itching?
      • What is the treatment for anal itching?
      • Local anesthetics
      • Vasoconstrictors
      • Protectants
      • Astringents
      • Antiseptics
      • Keratolytics
      • Analgesics
      • Corticosteroids
      • What if anal itching persists?
    • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
      In This Article
      Constipation Article
      • Constipation facts
      • What is constipation?
      • What causes constipation?
      • Medications that cause constipation
      • Other causes of constipation
      • What are constipation symptoms?
      • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
      • What treatments are available for constipation?
      • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
      • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
      • Other treatments for constipation
      • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
      • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
      • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
    • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
    • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diarrhea Article
      • Diarrhea facts
      • What is diarrhea?
      • What is the definition of diarrhea?
      • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
      • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
      • Traveler's diarrhea
      • Viral gastroenteritis
      • Bacterial enterocolitis
      • Food poisoning
      • Parasites
      • Drugs
      • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
      • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
      • How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed?
      • What home remedies help the symptoms of diarrhea?
      • What medications are used to treat diarrhea?
      • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
      • What are the complications of diarrhea?
      • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?

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