Colonoscopy Index

Featured: Colonoscopy Main Article

A colonoscopy is a procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the rectum for the purpose of inspecting the colon. Colonoscopy is the best method currently available to diagnose, detect, and treat abnormalities within the colon.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Anal Fissure An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining of the anus. Pain and/or rectal bleeding during bowel movements are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Fissure Article
      • Anal fissures facts
      • What are anal fissures?
      • What causes anal fissures?
      • What are the symptoms of anal fissures?
      • How are anal fissures diagnosed and evaluated?
      • What is the treatment for anal fissures?
      • General treatment and home remedies for anal fissures
      • Prescription medications for anal fissures
      • Surgical treatment for anal fissures
      • Personal observation
    • Aortic Stenosis Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear...learn more »
      In This Article
      Aortic Stenosis Article
      • Aortic valve stenosis facts
      • What is aortic stenosis?
      • What causes aortic stenosis?
      • How does aortic stenosis affect the left ventricle pump?
      • What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?
      • What might the doctor find in patients with aortic stenosis?
      • How is aortic stenosis diagnosed?
      • How is aortic stenosis treated?
    • Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile...learn more »
      In This Article
      Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Article
      • Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) facts
      • What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile?)
      • What Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • How does Clostridium difficile cause colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • Which antibiotics cause Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • How is Clostridium difficile colitis diagnosed?
      • How is Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
      • Why are there relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • How are relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
      • What is new in Clostridium difficile?
    • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colon Cancer Article
      • Colon cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
      • What are the causes of colon cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
      • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
      • How can colon cancer be prevented?
      • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
      • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
    • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
      In This Article
      Constipation Article
      • Constipation facts
      • What is constipation?
      • What causes constipation?
      • Medications that cause constipation
      • Other causes of constipation
      • What are constipation symptoms?
      • How is constipation diagnosed (evaluated)?
      • Exams and tests
      • Imaging studies and other tests
      • What treatments are available for constipation?
      • Dietary fiber and bulk-forming laxatives to treat constipation
      • Other laxatives to treat constipation
      • Other laxatives and OTC products to treat constipation
      • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
      • Other treatments for constipation
      • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
      • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
      • What is new in the treatment of constipation?
    • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
      In This Article
      Crohn's Disease Article
      • Crohn's disease facts
      • What is Crohn's disease?
      • What causes Crohn's disease?
      • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
      • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
      • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
      • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
      • How is Crohn's disease treated?
      • Crohn's Disease Medications
      • Anti-inflammatory medications
      • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
      • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
      • Corticosteroids
      • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
      • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
      • Immuno-modulator medications
      • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
      • Infliximab (Remicade)
      • Adalimumab (Humira)
      • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
      • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
      • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
      • Surgery in Crohn's disease
      • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
      • Conclusions

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