Colon Cancer Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Colon Cancer. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Colon Cancer or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swollen Lymph Nodes Article
    • Swollen lymph nodes facts
    • What are lymph nodes?
    • Where are the lymph nodes located in the body?
    • Picture of Lymph Nodes Located in the Body
    • What are the causes of swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes?
    • How are swollen lymph nodes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swollen lymph nodes?
    • When should I see the doctor for swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the common lymph nodes that may become swollen?
    • What are the complications of swollen lymph nodes?
  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    In This Article
    Constipation Article
    • Constipation facts
    • What is constipation?
    • What causes constipation?
    • Medications that cause constipation
    • Other causes of constipation
    • What are constipation symptoms?
    • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for constipation?
    • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
    • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
    • Other treatments for constipation
    • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
    • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
    • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Colitis Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colitis Article
    • Colitis facts
    • What is colitis?
    • What are the causes (types) of colitis?
    • Infectious colitis
    • Ischemic colitis
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Microscopic colitis
    • Allergic colitis in infants
    • What are the symptoms of colitis?
    • When should I contact my doctor about colitis?
    • How is colitis diagnosed?
    • How is colitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a patient with colitis?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including: over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is the uterus?
    • What is uterine cancer (endometrial cancer)?
    • What causes uterine cancer? Who is at risk for uterine cancer?
    • What are uterine cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is a diagnosis of uterine cancer determined?
    • How is the stage determined for uterine cancer?
    • What are treatment options for uterine cancer?
    • What about surgery for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about radiation therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • What about chemotherapy for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about hormone therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • How does a person go about getting a second opinion after a uterine cancer diagnosis?
    • What sort of follow-up treatment is needed during and after uterine cancer treatment?
    • What support is available for patients with uterine cancer?
    • What research is being done on uterine cancer?
  • Iron Deficiency Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iron Deficiency Article
    • Iron and iron deficiency facts*
    • What is iron and why do we need it?
    • What is iron deficiency and why is it a concern?
    • What causes iron deficiency?
    • Who is most at risk for iron deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency?
    • How is iron deficiency diagnosed?
    • How is iron deficiency treated?
    • Can iron deficiency be prevented?
    • Babies
    • Young children (aged 1-5 years)
    • Adolescent girls and women of childbearing age
    • Pregnant women
    • How much iron do I need?
    • What are dietary sources of iron?
    • Dietary sources of Vitamin C
    • Iron overload and hemochromatosis
  • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
    In This Article
    Crohn's Disease Article
    • Crohn's disease facts
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • What causes Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
    • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
    • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
    • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Crohn's disease treated?
    • Crohn's Disease Medications
    • Anti-inflammatory medications
    • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
    • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
    • Corticosteroids
    • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
    • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
    • Immuno-modulator medications
    • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
    • Infliximab (Remicade)
    • Adalimumab (Humira)
    • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
    • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
    • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
    • Surgery in Crohn's disease
    • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
    • Conclusions
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Article
    • Definition of abdominal pain
    • What are the ways to describe abdominal pain?
    • What are the causes of abdominal pain?
    • What are the less serious causes of abdominal pain?
    • What are more serious causes of abdominal pain?
    • When should I call my doctor about abdominal pain?
    • What are the methods used to diagnose abdominal pain?
    • What are the home remedies for certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What medications can be used to treat certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What lifestyle choices can I make to prevent abdominal pain?
  • Colon Polyps Colon are common growths on the inner lining of the colon. Colon polyps may become cancerous. There are several different types...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Polyps Article
    • Colon polyp facts
    • What are colon polyps?
    • How common are colon polyps?
    • Why are colon polyps important?
    • Are all colon polyps the same?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of colon polyps?
    • How are colon polyps diagnosed?
    • How are colon polyps treated?
    • How is screening for colon polyps done?
    • How should patients with colon polyps be followed?
    • Are all colon cancers associated with polyps?
    • Can colon polyps be prevented?
    • How is genetic testing used in patients with colon polyps?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Peptic Ulcer A peptic ulcer is an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related to Helicobacter...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peptic Ulcer Article
    • Peptic ulcer facts
    • What is a peptic ulcer?
    • What causes of peptic ulcers?
    • What are symptoms of peptic ulcer?
    • How are peptic ulcers diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for peptic ulcers?
    • What are the complications of peptic ulcer?
    • Peptic ulcer summary
  • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Article
    • Ulcerative colitis facts
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
    • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
    • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
    • 5-ASA Compounds
    • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
    • Golimumab (Simponi)
    • What are immunomodulator medications?
    • Summary of medication treatment
    • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
    • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
    • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
    • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
  • Anal Cancer Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Cancer Article
    • Anal cancer facts*
    • What is anal cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for anal cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anal cancer?
    • How is anal cancer diagnosed?
    • What affects the prognosis?
    • How is the staging of anal cancer determined?
    • What is recurrent anal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anal cancer?
    • How does staging affect the treatment of anal cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for recurrent anal cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about anal cancer?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) can be caused by a variety of benign conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Definition of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)
    • What symptoms are associated with rectal bleeding?
    • What are some of the causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Anal fissures
    • Diverticulitis, IBD, AVM, ischemic colitis, cancer, intussusception
    • Bacterial or viral infections
    • Ulcers or gastritis
    • Esophageal bleeding
    • Other causes
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Can blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Intestinal bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Melanosis Coli Melanosis coli is a condition that is often associated with prolonged laxative use....learn more »
    In This Article
    Melanosis Coli Article
    • What is melanosis coli?
    • What are the symptoms of melanosis coli?
    • What causes melanosis coli?
    • How is melanosis coli diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of melanosis coli?
  • Prevention Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, diabetes, and high blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prevention Article
    • Maintaining health
    • Preventing and controlling diseases
    • Vitamins and minerals to maintain health
    • Vitamin supplements to prevent diseases
    • Diets to control and/or treat diseases
  • Tumor (Grade) Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow, and how abnormal they look under a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tumor (Grade) Article
    • Tumor grade facts
    • What is a tumor?
    • What is tumor grade?
    • How is tumor grade determined?
    • What do the different tumor grades signify?
    • Does the same grading scale apply to all tumors?
    • Does tumor grade affect a patient's treatment options?
  • Cancer Risk Factors Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Risk Factors Article
    • Cancer risk factor facts*
    • What are cancer risk factors?
    • Growing older
    • Tobacco
    • Sunlight
    • Ionizing radiation
    • Certain chemicals and other substances
    • Some viruses and bacteria
    • Certain hormones
    • Family history of cancer
    • Alcohol
    • Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
  • Genetic Counseling Your health care provider may refer you to a genetic professional. Universities and medical centers also often have affiliated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Counseling Article
    • What are genetic professionals and what do they do?
    • What is genetic counseling and evaluation?
    • How do I find a genetic professional?
    • How do I decide whether I need to see a geneticist or other specialist?
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
    • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
    • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Medications
    • Liver transplant
    • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
  • Men's Health Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Men's Health Article
    • Introduction to men's health
    • Prostate problems
    • Testosterone
    • Top 10 diseases that kill men
    • 1. Heart disease
    • 2. Cancers
    • 3. Injuries
    • 4. Stroke (cerebrovascular accident, CVA)
    • 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    • 6. Diabetes
    • 7. Influenza and pneumonia
    • 8. Suicide
    • 9. Kidney disease
    • 10. Alzheimer's disease
    • The checklist: How to stay healthy
  • Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) Gardners' syndrome, or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), is an inherited condition in which cancer of the colon and rectum...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) Article
    • What is familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • How common is familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • What genes are related to familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • How do people inherit familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • What other names do people use for familial adenomatous polyposis?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Colon Cancer Prevention Colo-rectal cancer is both curable and preventable if it is detected early and completely removed before the cancerous cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Prevention Article
    • Colon cancer prevention facts
    • Introduction to colon cancer prevention
    • When should colon cancer screening begin?
    • What are the risk factors for colorectal cancer?
    • What measures to prevent colorectal cancer have proven effectiveness and long term safety?
    • What measures to prevent colorectal cancer probably are effective but may have long term adverse side effects?
    • What measures to prevent colorectal cancer probably are effective and safe?
    • What prevention measures have been found to be ineffective?
    • What about genetic testing for colon cancer?
    • Who should consider genetic counseling and testing?
    • Why is genetic counseling and testing important in hereditary colon cancer syndromes?
    • What can be done now to prevent colorectal cancer?
  • Cancer Prevention Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is cancer prevention?
    • Carcinogenesis
    • Cancer Risk factors
    • Factors That are Known to Increase the Risk of Cancer
    • Factors That May Affect the Risk of Cancer
    • Interventions that are known to lower cancer risk
    • Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk
  • Endometrial Cancer Prevention Endometrial cancer, or uterine cancer, affects the endometrium of the uterus. It's the most common invasive cancer of the female...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometrial Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is prevention?
    • What is endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)?
    • Can endometrial cancer (uterine cancer) be prevented?
    • What are risk factors for endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)?
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum/polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer