Colon Cancer
(Colorectal Cancer)

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Colon cancer facts

  • Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine.
  • Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer in males and fourth in females in the U.S.
  • Risk factors for colorectal cancer include a family history of colorectal cancer, colon polyps, and long-standing ulcerative colitis.
  • Most colorectal cancers develop from polyps. Removal of colon polyps can prevent colorectal cancer.
  • Colon polyps and early cancer may have no symptoms. Therefore regular screening is important.
  • Diagnosis of colorectal cancer can be made by barium enema or by colonoscopy with biopsy confirmation of cancer tissue.
  • Treatment of colorectal cancer depends on the location, size, and extent of cancer spread, as well as the health of the patient.
  • Surgery is the most common treatment for colorectal cancer.
  • Chemotherapy can extend life and improve quality of life for those who have had or are living with colorectal cancer.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/8/2014

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Colon Cancer Screening

Colorectal cancer is both preventable and curable. Colorectal cancer is prevented by removing precancerous colon polyps.