Colitis (Types)

Types of Colitis

Inflammatory bowel disease and colitis

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are the two types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that cause colitis.

Ulcerative colitis always begins in the rectum and may spread to the rest of the rest of the colon, spreading from the rectum to the sigmoid, descending, transverse, and finally the ascending colon and secum in that order. It is considered an autoimmune disease and symptoms include abdominal pain, and bloody, diarrheal bowel movements.

Crohn's disease may occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract (GI), including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon. In Crohn's disease there may be "skip lesions," that is, abnormal segments of the GI tract interspersed with normal segments. Continue Reading

Reviewed on 11/24/2015
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