Colitis Index

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Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include diarrhea, pain, and blood in the stool. There are several causes of colitis including infection, ischemia of the colon, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, Ulcerative colitis, or microscopic colitis). Treatment depends on the cause of the colitis.

Medications

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile...learn more »
      In This Article
      Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Article
      • Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) facts
      • What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile?)
      • What Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • How does Clostridium difficile cause colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • Which antibiotics cause Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • How is Clostridium difficile colitis diagnosed?
      • How is Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
      • Why are there relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis?
      • How are relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
      • What is new in Clostridium difficile?
    • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colon Cancer Article
      • Colon cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
      • What are the causes of colon cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
      • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
      • How can colon cancer be prevented?
      • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
      • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
    • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
      In This Article
      Crohn's Disease Article
      • Crohn's disease facts
      • What is Crohn's disease?
      • What causes Crohn's disease?
      • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
      • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
      • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
      • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
      • How is Crohn's disease treated?
      • Crohn's Disease Medications
      • Anti-inflammatory medications
      • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
      • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
      • Corticosteroids
      • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
      • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
      • Immuno-modulator medications
      • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
      • Infliximab (Remicade)
      • Adalimumab (Humira)
      • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
      • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
      • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
      • Surgery in Crohn's disease
      • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
      • Conclusions
    • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dehydration Article
      • Dehydration facts
      • What is dehydration?
      • What causes dehydration?
      • Dehydration pictures
      • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
      • What about dehydration in children?
      • How is dehydration diagnosed?
      • How is dehydration treated?
      • Can I treat dehydration at home?
      • What are the complications of dehydration?
      • Can dehydration be prevented?
    • Travel Medicine Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary...learn more »
      In This Article
      Travel Medicine Article
      • Why should travelers see a physician before they leave on a trip?
      • What diseases occur in travelers, and how can disease be prevented?
      • Traveler's diarrhea
      • Malaria
      • Meningitis and encephalitis
      • Yellow fever
      • Hepatitis A
      • Typhoid fever
      • Polio
      • Cholera
      • What about diseases for which there is no vaccine or preventive medication?
      • What is safe to eat and drink while traveling?
      • What can I do to avoid insect bites?
      • What should be in my travel first-aid kit or medicine kit?
      • What are the medical concerns with jet lag?
      • What if I have a medical condition or a chronic disease?
      • What if I'm traveling while pregnant?
      • What about traveling with children?
      • Travel health insurance & medical evacuation insurance
      • Travel safety and health alerts
      • Where can I find additional information?
    • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
      In This Article
      Ulcerative Colitis Article
      • Ulcerative colitis facts
      • What is ulcerative colitis?
      • What causes ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
      • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
      • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
      • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
      • 5-ASA Compounds
      • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
      • Golimumab (Simponi)
      • What are immunomodulator medications?
      • Summary of medication treatment
      • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
      • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
      • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
      • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?

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Terms related to Colitis:

  • Infectious Colitis
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Colitis
  • Ischemic Colitis