Colitis Index

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Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include diarrhea, pain, and blood in the stool. There are several causes of colitis including infection, ischemia of the colon, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, Ulcerative colitis, or microscopic colitis). Treatment depends on the cause of the colitis.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colon Cancer Article
      • Colon cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
      • What are the causes of colon cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
      • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
      • How can colon cancer be prevented?
      • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
      • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
    • Stool Color Changes Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stool Color Changes Article
      • Definition of stool color changes
      • What is the color of normal stool?
      • What are the symptoms of stool color changes?
      • Green stools
      • Yellow, greasy, and foul smelling stool
      • Black tarry stools
      • Bright red stools
      • Light-colored white or clay-colored stools
      • Maroon stools
      • Mucous in the stool
      • Stool that floats
      • Changes in the size and shape of stool
      • How is the cause of stool color changes diagnosed?
      • When should I contact my doctor about stool color or texture changes?
      • Stool color chart
    • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diarrhea Article
      • Diarrhea facts
      • What is diarrhea?
      • How is diarrhea defined?
      • Why does diarrhea develop?
      • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
      • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
      • Viral gastroenteritis
      • Food poisoning
      • Traveler's diarrhea
      • Bacterial enterocolitis
      • Parasites
      • Drugs
      • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
      • What are the complications of diarrhea?
      • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
      • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
      • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
      • How is diarrhea treated?
      • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
    • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Rectal bleeding may be moderate to severe...learn more »
      In This Article
      Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
      • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
      • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
      • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • Anal fissures
      • Hemorrhoids
      • Diverticulitis
      • Colon cancer and polyps
      • Angiodysplasias
      • Colitis and proctitis
      • Meckel's diverticulum
      • Polypectomy
      • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
      • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
      • History and physical examination
      • Anoscopy
      • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
      • Colonoscopy
      • Radionuclide scans
      • Visceral angiogram
      • Video capsule and small intestine enteroscopy
      • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
      • Nasogastric tube aspiration
      • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
      • Blood tests
      • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
      • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
      In This Article
      Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Article
      • Abdominal pain facts
      • What is abdominal pain?
      • What causes abdominal pain?
      • When should I call my doctor about abdominal pain?
      • How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?
      • Signs and symptoms associated with abdominal pain
      • Physical examination to diagnose abdominal pain
      • Exams and tests to diagnose abdominal pain
      • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and diagnosing abdominal pain
      • Why can diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain be difficult?
      • What are home remedies for certain causes of abdominal pain?
      • What medications can be used to treat certain causes of abdominal pain?
      • What lifestyle choices can I make to prevent abdominal pain?
    • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dehydration Article
      • Dehydration facts
      • What is dehydration?
      • What causes dehydration?
      • Dehydration pictures
      • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
      • What about dehydration in children?
      • How is dehydration diagnosed?
      • How is dehydration treated?
      • Can I treat dehydration at home?
      • What are the complications of dehydration?
      • Can dehydration be prevented?

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Procedures & Tests

Health News

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FDA Drug Labels on RxList.com


Terms related to Colitis:

  • Infectious Colitis
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Colitis
  • Ischemic Colitis