- What is cocaine hydrochloride-topical, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
- Is cocaine hydrochloride-topical available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
- What are the side effects of cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
- What is the dosage for cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
- Is cocaine hydrochloride-topical safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
What is cocaine hydrochloride-topical, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Cocaine is a naturally occurring chemical found in the leaves of Erythroxylum coca or coca plant, which is native to South America. Coca leaves have been used and abused for hundreds of years. Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug that directly affects the nervous system, including the brain. Effects of cocaine include short-term euphoria, energy, talkativeness, and it may cause dangerous increases in heart rate and blood pressure.
Cocaine acts as a local anesthetic by blocking conduction of nerve impulses. Topical preparations of cocaine hydrochloride are applied to the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat prior to certain surgical procedures as a local anesthetic to numb the area. Numbing the surrounding area(s) allows certain types of surgical procedures without causing pain or discomfort to the patient. Although cocaine works very well to provide local aesthetic effects, the risk for abuse and severe local vasoconstriction (narrowing of the blood vessels) prevents its widespread clinical use. Cocaine is a schedule II controlled substance, which means that it has a high potential for abuse. However, cocaine can be prescribed by a doctor to be used as a local anesthetic in certain cases of eye, ear, or throat surgeries.
What brand names are available for cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
Is cocaine hydrochloride-topical available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
What are the side effects of cocaine hydrochloride-topical?
Common side effects of cocaine include:
Serious side effects may include:
- mood changes,
- breathing difficulties,
- vomiting, and
- prolonged numbness around the area of application.
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