Cocaine and Crack Abuse (cont.)

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What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?

Like the majority of other mental health problems, cocaine abuse and addiction have no single cause. However, there are a number of biological, psychological, and social risk factors that can increase a person's likelihood of developing a chemical abuse or chemical dependency disorder. The frequency that substance-abuse disorders occur within some families seems to be higher than can be explained by the addictive environment of the family. Therefore, most substance-abuse professionals recognize a genetic aspect to the risk of drug addiction. This is particularly true for cocaine dependence.

Mental-disorder symptoms that are caused by cocaine abuse or addiction include mood disorders like depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder, as well as personality disorders like antisocial personality disorder. Social risk factors for drug abuse and addiction include male gender, ages 18 to 44 years old, Native American heritage, unmarried marital status, and lower socioeconomic status. According to statistics by state, people residing in the West tend to be at higher risk for chemical abuse or dependency. As with substance abuse in general, prevention of cocaine abuse and addiction is increased by circumstances like receiving appropriate supervision, as well as clear messages from family members that cocaine use is unacceptable.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/20/2014

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