clonidine, Catapres, Catapres-TTS, Jenloga

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GENERIC NAME: clonidine

BRAND NAME: Catapres, Catapres-TTS, Jenloga

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Clonidine is an oral and topical (applied to the skin) drug for treating high blood pressure (hypertension). Clonidine acts by stimulating receptors on nerves in the brain that reduces the transmission of messages from nerves in the brain to nerves in other areas of the body. As a result, clonidine slows heart rate and reduces blood pressure. The FDA approved clonidine in September 1974.


GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes (tablets), No (patches).

PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mg. Transdermal patches: 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mg delivered over 24 hours.

STORAGE: Tablets and patches should be kept at room temperature, 15-30 C (59-86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Clonidine is approved for the treatment of high blood pressure. Non-FDA approved (off-label) uses include treatment of symptoms of narcotic withdrawal, nicotine withdrawal, diabetes-associated diarrhea, diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage), hot flashes associated with menopause, and as an adjunct to manage severe cancer-related pain.

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