clonazepam, Klonopin

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GENERIC NAME: clonazepam

BRAND NAME: Klonopin

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Clonazepam is an anti-anxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family, the same family that includes diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), flurazepam (Dalmane), and others. Clonazepam and other benzodiazepines act by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA is a neurotransmitter (a chemical that nerve cells use to communicate with each other) that inhibits brain activity. It is believed that excessive activity in the brain may lead to anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. Clonazepam is primarily used for treating panic disorder and preventing certain types of seizures. The FDA approved clonazepam in June 1975.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 0.5, 1, and 2 mg; disintegrating tablets: 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg.

STORAGE: Tablets should be kept at room temperature, between 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Clonazepam is used for the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety. It is used for certain types of seizures, specifically petit mal seizures, akinetic seizures, and myoclonus, as well as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Clonazepam maybe used alone or together with other medications for these seizure disorders.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/30/2014



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