GENERIC NAME: Clomiphene
BRAND NAME: Serophene
DISCONTINUED BRAND: Clomid
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Clomiphene is an oral medication used for stimulating ovulation. It binds to estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovary, endometrium, vagina, and cervix. It causes production of hormones (gonadotropins) by the pituitary which stimulates ovulation. The FDA approved clomiphene in February 1967.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of clomiphene are:
- ovarian enlargement,
- stomach discomfort,
- breast discomfort,
- blurred vision,
- nausea, and
Other important side effects include
- abnormal heart beats,
- allergic reactions,
- uterine bleeding,
- back pain, and
- muscle pain.
Quick GuideInfertility: Types, Treatments, and Costs
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