GENERIC NAME: clarithromycin
BRAND NAME: Biaxin
DISCONTINUED BRAND: Biaxin XL
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
USES: Clarithromycin is effective against susceptible bacteria causing the following infections:
It also is used in treating infections caused by mycobacterium avium, a bacterium closely related to the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. Clarithromycin has been used in combination with omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate (Prilosec) in treating H. Pylori that causes stomach ulcers.
SIDE EFFECTS: Clarithromycin generally is well tolerated, and side effects usually are mild and transient. Common side effects of clarithromycin are:
Other important side effects which are rare, but serious include:
Clarithromycin should be avoided by patients known to be allergic to clarithromycin or other chemically-related macrolide antibiotics, such as erythromycin. Treatment with clarithromycin and other antibiotics can alter the normal bacteria flora of the colon and permit overgrowth of C. difficile, a bacterium responsible for pseudomembranous colitis. Patients who develop pseudomembranous colitis as a result of antibiotics treatment may experience diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and sometimes even shock.
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