Cirrhosis Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Cirrhosis. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Cirrhosis or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease ranging from simple fatty liver (steatosis),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis?
    • Why is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease important?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What is the difference between nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, and diabetes?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What are the other causes of fatty liver?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease treated?
    • Weight loss and exercise
    • Diet
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplant
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Jaundice (Adults) Jaundice in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can be managed at home...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Adults) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in adults
    • What causes jaundice in adults?
    • Pre-hepatic causes
    • Hepatic causes
    • Post-hepatic causes
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in adults?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in adults?
    • How is jaundice in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in adults?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in adults?
    • Can jaundice in adults be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in adults?
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • How is thrombocytopenia treated?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
  • Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insulin Resistance Article
    • Insulin resistance facts
    • What is insulin resistance?
    • What causes insulin resistance?
    • What is the relationship between insulin resistance and diabetes?
    • What medical conditions are associated with insulin resistance?
    • Who is at risk for insulin resistance?
    • How is insulin resistance diagnosed?
    • How is insulin resistance managed?
    • Lifestyle changes (diet, weight loss, exercise)
    • Medications
    • What's new in insulin resistance?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Article
    • Pleurisy facts
    • What is pleurisy?
    • What causes pleurisy?
    • How does the pleura work?
    • What are the symptoms of pleurisy?
    • How is pleurisy diagnosed?
    • How is pleurisy treated?
    • Can pleurisy be prevented?
  • Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Hereditary hemochromatosis (iron overload) is an inherited disorder in which there is excessive accumulation of iron in the body....learn more »
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications for ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis Vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Article
    • What is the spleen, and what is its function?
    • What does the spleen look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What are the causes of an enlarged spleen?
    • What type of pain, and where is the pain located with an enlarged spleen?
    • What are other signs and symptoms of an enlarged spleen?
    • How is the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen made?
    • What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen?
    • What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen?
    • Can an enlarged spleen be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with an enlarged spleen?
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by physician-prescribed medications, OTC medications,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Gynecomastia Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is the caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gynecomastia Article
    • Gynecomastia facts
    • What is gynecomastia?
    • What causes gynecomastia?
    • What are the risk factors for gynecomastia?
    • What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
    • When should I call the doctor about gynecomastia?
    • How is gynecomastia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gynecomastia?
    • Surgical treatments
    • What are the complications of gynecomastia?
    • Can gynecomastia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gynecomastia?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • Pleural effusion definition
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Metabolic Syndrome The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Metabolic Syndrome Article
    • What is metabolic syndrome?
    • How is metabolic syndrome defined?
    • How common is metabolic syndrome?
    • What causes, and what are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?
    • Why should I know about metabolic syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for metabolic syndrome?
    • Diet and metabolic syndrome
    • Exercise and metabolic syndrome
    • Cosmetic surgery to remove fat
    • What if lifestyle changes are not enough to treat metabolic syndrome?
    • Summary
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow-up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • How is liver cancer staged?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • What is the liver? Is it a gland or an organ?
    • What is the functional purpose of the liver?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What diseases affect the liver?
    • Fatty liver disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Infections
    • Hepatitis
    • Medications
    • Toxins
    • Genetic disorders
    • Cancer
    • Abnormalities of bile flow from the liver
    • Decrease in blood flow draining from the liver
    • What are symptoms of diseases of the liver?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Portal Hypertension Portal hypertension is most commonly caused by cirrhosis, a disease in which results from scarring of a liver injury. Other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Portal Hypertension Article
    • What is portal hypertension?
    • What causes portal hypertension?
    • What are the symptoms of portal hypertension?
    • How is the diagnosis of portal hypertension made?
    • What is the treatment for portal hypertension?
    • What are the complications of portal hypertension?
    • Can portal hypertension be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for portal hypertension?
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that may cause liver and lung disease in adults. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Article
    • What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of lung disease caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How common is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What genes are related to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How do people inherit alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What other names do people use for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) Article
    • Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) definition
    • What are the causes of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • What are the complications of primary biliary cirrhosis?
    • Can primary biliary cirrhosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with primary biliary cirrhosis?
  • Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is a rare type of cancer that arises from cells that line the drainage system from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Article
    • What is bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma)?
    • What are the symptoms of bile duct cancer?
    • How is bile duct cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bile duct cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for bile duct cancer?
    • Can bile duct cancer be prevented?
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Bleeding Varices Varices are dilated blood vessels usually in the esophagus or stomach. Symptoms of bleeding varices include vomiting blood, black...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bleeding Varices Article
    • Introduction to bleeding varices
    • What are the symptoms of bleeding Varices?
    • How are bleeding varices treated?
    • Can bleeding varices be prevented?
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
    • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
    • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Medications
    • Liver transplant
    • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Choledochal Cysts Choledochal cysts are cysts of the bile ducts. There are several different types of choledochal cysts. These cysts are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Choledochal Cysts Article
    • What is a choledochal cyst?
    • What are the symptoms and complications of choledochal cysts?
    • How are choledochal cysts diagnosed?
    • How are choledochal cysts treated?
  • Hospice Hospice is a service that offers support, resources, and assistance to terminally ill patients and their families. In such late...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hospice Article
    • Hospice facts
    • What is hospice care?
    • Why is hospice care important?
    • What is the history of hospice?
    • What are the main goals of hospice care?
    • What are some misconceptions about hospice care?
    • What kinds of services does hospice care provide?
    • Are hospice services available for children?
    • Can hospice care be offered at home?
    • What are some medical conditions commonly referred to hospice?
    • How is referral to hospice made?
    • How does hospice care work?
    • Who is part of the hospice team?
    • What is respite care?
    • Who is eligible for hospice care?
    • Who pays for hospice care?
    • How can people find and choose hospice care?
    • What questions should people ask of hospice agencies?
    • Where can a person find more information about hospice care?
  • In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Article
    • PBC facts
    • What treatments are used in patients with PBC?
    • Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)
    • Colchicine
    • Immunosuppressive medications
    • Itching
    • Osteoporosis
    • Elevated serum cholesterol and xanthomas
    • Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K)
    • Edema and ascites
    • Bleeding from varices
    • Hepatic encephalopathy
    • Hypersplenism
    • Sicca Syndrome
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
    • Scleroderma
    • Gallstones
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in PBC?
    • What is the future for PBC?