Circumcision The Medical Pros and Cons Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Circumcision The Medical Pros and Cons that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Cancer Risk Factors Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Risk Factors Article
    • Cancer risk factor facts*
    • What are cancer risk factors?
    • Growing older
    • Tobacco
    • Sunlight
    • Ionizing radiation
    • Certain chemicals and other substances
    • Some viruses and bacteria
    • Certain hormones
    • Family history of cancer
    • Alcohol
    • Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts
    • What is cervical cancer?
    • How do women get cervical cancer? What causes cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cervical cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for cervical cancer?
    • What are cervical cancer screening guidelines?
    • What tests are used to diagnose cervical cancer?
    • What are the stages of cervical cancer?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • Can cervical cancer be prevented? What is the cervical cancer vaccine?
    • What kind of support is available to women with cervical cancer?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rates for women with cervical cancer?
    • What research is being done on cervical cancer?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • Is encephalitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent encephalitis? Is there an encphalitis vaccine?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook), and what are the complications for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningitis? Is there a meningitis vaccine?
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes a urinary tract infection?
    • Are urinary tract infections contagious?
    • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
    • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
    • How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
    • What kinds of doctors treat urinary tract infections?
    • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
    • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
  • Penis Cancer Signs and symptoms of penile cancer include a lump on the penis and redness, irritation, or a sore on the penis. Risk of penis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Penis Cancer Article
    • Penis cancer facts*
    • What is cancer of the penis?
    • What are causes and risk factors for penis cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of penis cancer?
    • How is penile cancer diagnosed?
    • What factors affect prognosis and treatment of penile cancer?
    • How is staging of penile cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for penis cancer?
    • What are treatment options by stage?
    • Where can I get more information about penis cancer?
  • Men's Health Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Men's Health Article
    • Introduction to men's health
    • Prostate problems
    • Testosterone
    • Top 10 diseases that kill men
    • 1. Heart disease
    • 2. Cancers
    • 3. Injuries
    • 4. Stroke (cerebrovascular accident, CVA)
    • 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    • 6. Diabetes
    • 7. Influenza and pneumonia
    • 8. Suicide
    • 9. Kidney disease
    • 10. Alzheimer's disease
    • The checklist: How to stay healthy
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
    • Can STDs in men be prevented?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • Are there home remedies or alternative treatments for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Sexual Health Sexual health information including birth control, impotence, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases, staying healthy, women's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Health Article
    • What is the most common cause of sex problems among men and women?
    • What is the most common sexual problem in men?
    • What is the true definition of erectile dysfunction -- and what are the most common causes?
    • What causes sexual dysfunction in women?
    • What causes pain in the penis?
    • Why do some women have painful intercourse?
    • What is retrograde ejaculation, and how is it treated?
    • Is having an erection for an extended period of time dangerous?
    • Which medications commonly cause sex problems for men or women?
    • Is it true that sex can actually give some people a headache?
  • Penis Disorders Penis disorders (male reproductive problems) include priapism, Peyronie's disease, balanitis, phimosis, paraphimosis, and penile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Penis Disorders Article
    • What disorders affect the penis?
    • What is priapism?
    • What causes priapism?
    • How is priapism treated?
    • What is Peyronie's disease?
    • What causes Peyronie's disease?
    • How is Peyronie's disease treated?
    • What is balanitis?
    • What causes balanitis?
    • How is balanitis treated?
    • What is phimosis?
    • What causes phimosis?
    • How is phimosis treated?
    • What is paraphimosis?
    • What causes paraphimosis?
    • How is paraphimosis treated?
    • What is penile cancer?
    • What causes penile cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of penile cancer?
    • What treatments are given for penile cancer?
  • Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) usually is caused from bacteria that have spread from the bladder from a UTI (urinary tract...learn more »
  • Genital Warts in Men (HPV Virus) The HPV virus (genital warts) in men can cause health problems. Genital warts are confined primarily to the moist skin of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Warts in Men (HPV Virus) Article
    • HPV virus (genital warts ) in men introduction
    • Risks of HPV virus in men
    • Male HPV: The symptoms
    • Tests for HPV virus in men
    • Treatments for HPV
    • Is there an HPV vaccine for men?
    • How to manage HPV in a relationship
    • How to prevent transmission of HPV
  • Phimosis (Paraphimosis, Penis Disorders) Phimosis and paraphimosis are penis disorders. Phimosis is a condition where the foreskin cannot retract behind the glans in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phimosis (Paraphimosis, Penis Disorders) Article
    • Phimosis facts
    • What causes phimosis?
    • What are the symptoms of phimosis?
    • How is phimosis diagnosed?
    • How is phimosis treated?
    • What is the definition of paraphimosis?
    • What causes paraphimosis?
    • What are the symptoms of paraphimosis?
    • How is paraphimosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of paraphimosis?
    • Can phimosis and paraphimosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for phimosis and paraphimosis?