Cipro, Cipro XR (ciprofloxacin) Antibiotic

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is Cipro, and how does it work (mechinism of action)?

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. It stops the multiplication of bacteria by inhibiting the reproduction and repair of their genetic material (DNA).

Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics. Examples of other antibiotics in the fluoroquinolone class includes:

What is the generic name for Cipro and Cipro XR?

Ciprofloxacin is the generic name for Cipro and Cipro XR.

Can I buy this antibiotic over-the-counter?

No. You need a prescription from your doctor or other medical professional for this drug.

What types of bacterial infections does Cipro treat (uses)?

Doctors and other medical healthcare professionals prescribe Cipro and Cipro XR to treat bacterial infections, for example:

What infections should not be treated with this drug?

Because of serious side effects associate with fluoroquinolones they should not be used for treating certain infections unless there are no other alternatives, and include:

What is the dosage for Cipro? In what forms is it available?

Dosage (how to take)

  • For most infections the recommended oral dose for adults is 250-750 mg (immediate release tablets) every 12 hours or 500-1000 mg (extended release tablets) every 24 hours.
  • The usual intravenous dose is 200-400 mg every 8-12 hours.

Preparations

  • Tablets: 250, 500, and 750 mg.
  • Tablets extended release (XR): 500 and 1000 mg.
  • Microcapsules for suspension: 250 mg/5 ml, 500 mg/5 ml.
  • Injection or Injection concentrate: 200 mg/100 ml, 200 mg/20 mg, 400 mg/200 ml, 400 mg/40 ml.

Can I take Cipro of I'm tyring to conceive, are pregnant, or breastfeeding?

Doctors suggest that should not use this antibiotic if you are pregnant or breastfeeding because they do not know if it is safe.

Warning: Serious adverse reactions of this medication

Cipro and Cipro XR as well as other antibiotics in the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics has been associated with tendonitis and even tendon rupture, particularly the Achilles tendon. Some doctors and other medical professionals recommend that their patients discontinue vigorous exercise while they are taking fluoroquinolone antibiotics.

Fluoroquinolones have neuromuscular blocking activity and can worsen muscle weakness in individuals with myasthenia gravis.

What are the side effects Cirpo?

The most common side effects of Cipro, Cipro XR are:

Anaphylaxis, or shock, is a rare allergic reaction to this drug. This allergic reaction is a medical emergency and you are experiencing these symptoms seek medical immediately.

Symptoms of shock include:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/10/2016

Quick GuideSymptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment

Symptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment
FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

RxList Logo

Need help identifying pills and medications?

Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters

Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors