ciprofloxacin, Cipro, Cipro XR, Proquin XR

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Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: ciprofloxacin

BRAND NAME: Cipro, Cipro XR, Proquin XR (discontinued brand)

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics which includes levofloxacin (Levaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin), gatifloxacin (Tequin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), trovafloxacin (Trovan) and others. Ciprofloxacin stops the multiplication of bacteria by inhibiting the reproduction and repair of their genetic material (DNA). The FDA approved ciprofloxacin in October 1987.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Ciprofloxacin is used to treat infections of the skin, lungs, airways, bones, and joints caused by susceptible bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is also frequently used to treat urinary infections caused by bacteria such as E. coli. Ciprofloxacin is effective in treating infectious diarrheas caused by E. coli, Campylobacter jejuni, and Shigella bacteria. Anthrax, patients with fever and low white blood cell counts, and intraabdominal infections are also treated with ciprofloxacin.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/12/2014



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