ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution (Ciloxan)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

Bacterial Infections 101 Pictures Slideshow

GENERIC NAME: ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution

BRAND NAMES: Ciloxan

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics which includes levofloxacin (Levaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin), gatifloxacin (Tequin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), and others. Ciprofloxacin interferes with bacterial DNA uncoiling and replication, which ultimately leads to bacterial cell death. Ciprofloxacin, like other fluoroquinolone antibiotics, targets a wide range of bacteria. Targeted organisms include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and the viridans group of Streptococcus. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution was approved in March 1998.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution is prescribed for the treatment of ulcers on the eye surface (corneal ulcers) and bacterial infections of the eye.

SIDE EFFECTS: It is common to have white crust or crystals (precipitate) into the eye or on the eyelid during treatment; they dissolve in a few weeks. Other common side effects include:

  • unpleasant taste in the mouth immediately after instilling the drop,
  • redness,
  • burning,
  • numbness,
  • itching,
  • discomfort of the eye,
  • the sensation that something is in the eye.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/28/2015

Quick GuideInfectious Mononucleosis Pictures Slideshow

Infectious Mononucleosis Pictures Slideshow
FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

RxList Logo

Need help identifying pills and medications?

Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters

Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors