GENERIC NAME: ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution
BRAND NAMES: Ciloxan
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics which includes levofloxacin (Levaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin), gatifloxacin (Tequin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), and others. Ciprofloxacin interferes with bacterial DNA uncoiling and replication, which ultimately leads to bacterial cell death. Ciprofloxacin, like other fluoroquinolone antibiotics, targets a wide range of bacteria. Targeted organisms include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and the viridans group of Streptococcus. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution was approved in March 1998.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution is prescribed for the treatment of ulcers on the eye surface (corneal ulcers) and bacterial infections of the eye.
SIDE EFFECTS: It is common to have white crust or crystals (precipitate) into the eye or on the eyelid during treatment; they dissolve in a few weeks. Other common side effects include:
- unpleasant taste in the mouth immediately after instilling the drop,
- discomfort of the eye,
- the sensation that something is in the eye.
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