Chronic Cough Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Chronic Cough. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Chronic Cough or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) is caused by allergies, infection, and chemicals or other irritants of sinuses. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
  • Mold Mold exposure may cause symptoms in people who are sensitive to molds. Symptoms of mold allergy include sneezing, runny nose,...learn more »
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Laryngitis Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...learn more »
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are sepsis (blood poisoning) symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose sepsis?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What types of specialists treat sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • Is it possible to prevent sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis (blood poisoning)?
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • Where are the sinuses, and what do they look like?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water or nasal irrigation have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
  • Is Pneumonia Contagious? Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung usually caused by bacterial or viral infection (rarely, also by fungi) that causes the air...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Pneumonia Contagious? Article
    • What is pneumonia?
    • Is pneumonia contagious?
    • When is pneumonia contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for pneumonia?
    • Can pneumonia spread?
    • How long is pneumonia contagious?
    • When should someone seek medical care for pneumonia?
  • Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) Article
    • Pulmonary embolism facts
    • What is a pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism?
    • How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed?
    • PERC Rule for Pulmonary Embolus
    • Basic testing (CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine blood test, chest X-ray, EKG)
    • Pulmonary angiogram
    • d-Dimer blood test
    • CT scan
    • Ventilation-perfusion scans
    • Venous Doppler study
    • Echocardiography
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary embolism?
    • Anticoagulation
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary embolism?
    • Can pulmonary embolism be prevented?
  • GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) Article
    • GERD (acid reflux) facts
    • What is GERD or acid reflux?
    • What causes GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
    • What are the complications of GERD?
    • How is GERD or acid reflux diagnosed and evaluated?
    • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
    • GERD (acid reflux) tests
    • How is GERD (acid reflux) treated?
    • Lifestyle changes and GERD (acid reflux) diet
    • GERD (acid reflux) medications
    • GERD surgery
    • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What are the unresolved issues in GERD (acid reflux)?
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Fibrosis Article
    • Pulmonary fibrosis facts
    • What is pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What causes pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What are symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Can pulmonary fibrosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Where can I get information to improve the quality of life for those with pulmonary fibrosis?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage A subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding under the eye's conjunctiva. There is usually no obvious cause for a subconjunctival...learn more »
    In This Article
    Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Article
    • Subconjunctival hemorrhage facts
    • What is a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What causes a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What are subconjunctival hemorrhage symptoms and signs?
    • How is a subconjunctival hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What are the risk factors for subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What is the treatment for a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What is the prognosis for subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • Is it possible to prevent a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the difference between non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease (or Hodgkin's lymphoma)?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk factors?
    • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and signs?
    • What kind of doctors treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do physicians diagnose non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Is it possible to prevent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke,...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • COPD facts
    • What is the definition of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • What increases your risk for developing COPD?
    • What are the four stages of COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What kind of doctor treats COPD?
    • When to Seek Medical Care for COPD
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • What lifestyle changes (diet, exercise) and home remedies and care are recommended for people with COPD?
    • What medications treat COPD?
    • What other supplemental therapies help treat COPD complications and symptoms?
    • What surgery is available to treat COPD?
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with COPD?
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Heartburn (Acid Reflux) Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced from acid reflux (GERD). Symptoms of heartburn include chest pain, burning in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heartburn (Acid Reflux) Article
    • Heartburn facts
    • What is the definition of heartburn?
    • What causes heartburn?
    • What does acid reflux look like?
    • What are the symptoms of heartburn?
    • Foods and beverages to avoid
    • How is heartburn diagnosed?
    • What are treatments, relief, and home remedies for heartburn?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • OTC and prescription medications for heartburn
    • Surgical procedures to treat heartburn
    • Heartburn during pregnancy
    • How can heartburn be prevented?
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What are the benefits of saliva?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • How do health care professionals diagnose dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Is it possible to prevent dry mouth?
    • What is the prognosis of dry mouth?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
  • Larynx Cancer (Throat Cancer) Symptoms of cancer of the larynx, the organ at the front of the neck, include hoarseness, a lump in the neck, sore throat, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Larynx Cancer (Throat Cancer) Article
    • Throat cancer (larynx cancer) facts*
    • What is throat (larynx) cancer?
    • What causes throat cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for throat cancer?
    • What are the types of larynx (throat) cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of throat cancer?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose throat cancer?
    • How is throat cancer staging determined?
    • What kinds of specialists treat throat cancer?
    • What is the treatment for throat cancer?
    • Are there home remedies for throat (larynx) cancer?
    • What kind of support is available for those with throat cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with throat cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent throat cancer?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted? Is swine flu contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for swine flu?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu?
    • How long does the swine flu last?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are swine flu symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose swine flu?
    • What types of doctors treat swine flu?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu in humans?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the swine flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccines) is not readily available?
    • Are there home remedies for swine flu?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v)?
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus. Eosinophilic esophagitis has many causes including acid reflux,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eosinophilic Esophagitis Article
    • Eosinophilic esophagitis facts
    • What is eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What causes eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What are the symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • How does eosinophilic esophagitis cause dysphagia?
    • What are the other causes of dysphagia for solid food?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis diagnosed?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis treated?
    • What about elimination diets for treating eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What is the future of eosinophilic esophagitis?
  • Angina Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Angina Article
    • What is angina?
    • What causes angina?
    • What are the different types of angina?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
    • How is angina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for angina?
    • Angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery
    • What are other methods are used to evaluate angina?
    • What is the prognosis for angina?
    • Can angina be prevented?
  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is esophageal cancer?
    • What are the causes or risk factors for esophageal cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of esophageal cancer?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • How is esophageal cancer staged?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What are the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • What kinds of doctors treat esophageal cancer?
    • What are the statistics related to esophageal cancer?
    • What support is available for those with esophageal cancer?
    • What is the prognosis with esophageal cancer?
    • Can esophageal cancer be prevented?
  • Interstitial Pneumonitis (Interstitial Lung Disease) Interstitial lung disease refers to a variety of diseased that thicken the tissue between the lungs' air sacks. Viruses,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Pneumonitis (Interstitial Lung Disease) Article
    • Interstitial lung disease facts
    • What is interstitial lung disease?
    • What causes interstitial lung disease?
    • What are signs and symptoms of interstitial lung disease?
    • How is interstitial lung disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for interstitial lung disease?
    • What is the prognosis for interstitial lung disease?
    • Can interstitial lung disease be prevented?
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tuberculosis (TB) Article
    • Tuberculosis (TB) facts
    • What is tuberculosis?
    • Are there different types of tuberculosis (TB)?
    • What causes tuberculosis?
    • What are risk factors for tuberculosis?
    • What are tuberculosis symptoms and signs?
    • Is TB contagious, and how long is the incubation period and contagious period?
    • How do physicians diagnose tuberculosis?
    • What is the treatment for tuberculosis?
    • What types of doctors treat TB?
    • What are complications of tuberculosis?
    • What is the prognosis of tuberculosis?
    • How can people prevent tuberculosis?
  • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
    In This Article
    Barrett's Esophagus Article
    • Barrett's esophagus facts
    • What is Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
    • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
    • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
    • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
    • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
    • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
    • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
    • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
    • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
    • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
  • Emphysema Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema Article
    • Emphysema facts
    • What is emphysema?
    • What are the stages of emphysema?
    • What causes emphysema?
    • What are the risk factors for emphysema?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of emphysema?
    • How is emphysema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for emphysema?
    • Quitting smoking
    • Emphysema medications
    • Surgery for emphysema
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation for emphysema
    • What is the life expectancy and outlook for someone with emphysema?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress? What are the risk factors for stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management? What are home remedies to combat stress symptoms?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is the thyroid cancer?
    • What causes thyroid cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for thyroid cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer?
    • What are thyroid nodules?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is thyroid cancer staging determined?
    • What kinds of specialists treat thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone
    • Radioactive iodine
    • Radiation
    • Chemotherapy
    • What kind of support is available for those with thyroid cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with thyroid cancer?
    • Can thyroid cancer be prevented?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • What specialists treat malaria?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • How can people prevent malaria?
  • Neutropenia Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neutropenia Article
    • Neutropenia facts
    • What is neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia defined?
    • What are the clinical consequences of neutropenia?
    • What causes neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia diagnosed?
    • How is neutropenia treated?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
    • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
    • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
    • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
    • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
    • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
    • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • Is whooping cough contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • How long does the whooping cough vaccine last?
    • What is the incubation period for whooping cough?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How long does whooping cough last?
    • What does whooping cough sound like?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Is it possible to prevent whooping cough? Is there a whooping cough vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious? Viruses cause the common cold and the flu. Early symptoms and signs for a cold and the flu are similar, however, flu symptoms are...learn more »
    In This Article
    How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious? Article
    • How long is a cold or flu contagious?
    • How will I know if I have a cold or the flu?
    • How do cold and flu viruses spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of the flu or a cold?
    • When should someone seek medical care for a cold or the flu?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems Learn how to recognize serious diseases and health problems like strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in...learn more »
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Is a Sinus Infection Contagious? Sinus infection (sinusitis) is infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) or inflammation of the sinuses. Sympotms of sinus...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is a Sinus Infection Contagious? Article
    • Is a sinus infection contagious?
    • How will I know if I have a sinus infection?
    • How is sinusitis spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of a sinus infection?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about sinusitis?
  • Is Tonsillitis Contagious? Tonsillitis is a common infection, especially in kids. Tonsillitis is caused by viruses and bacteria like the flu and herpes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Tonsillitis Contagious? Article
    • What is tonsillitis?
    • Is tonsillitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have tonsillitis?
    • How is tonsillitis spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of tonsillitis?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about tonsillitis?
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that may cause liver and lung disease in adults. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Article
    • What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of lung disease caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How common is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What genes are related to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How do people inherit alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What other names do people use for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
  • 20 Sore Throat Home Remedies A sore throat can be caused by viral infections like the common cold, the flu, or mumps. Sore throats caused by bacterial...learn more »
    In This Article
    20 Sore Throat Home Remedies Article
    • What home remedies help to soothe a sore throat?
    • 1. Warm saltwater gargle
    • 2. Drink warm liquids
    • 3. Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications
    • 4. Sage/Echinacea throat spray
    • 5. Apple cider vinegar
    • 6. Raw garlic
    • 7. Peppermint
    • 8. Licorice
    • 9. Marshmallow root
    • 10. Slippery Elm
    • 11. Frozen foods
    • 12. Eat chicken soup
    • 13. A humidifier
    • 14. A warm compress
    • 15. Throat spray
    • 16. Lozenges or cough drops
    • 17. Zinc lozenges
    • 18. Drink plenty of fluids
    • 19. Rest
    • 20. Quit smoking
  • Asthma Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What causes asthma?
    • What are the different types of asthma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
    • How is asthma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma?
    • What is an asthma action plan?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma?
    • Can asthma be prevented?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus? What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is hantavirus contagious?
    • How long is hantavirus contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for hantavirus?
    • What are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What specialties of doctors treat hantavirus?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Reflux Laryngitis Acid backing up into the larynx (voice box) causes reflux laryngitis. Irritation of the lining of the esophagus, larynx, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reflux Laryngitis Article
    • Reflux laryngitis facts
    • Why does reflux laryngitis occur?
    • What are the typical symptoms of reflux laryngitis?
    • How is reflux laryngitis evaluated?
    • What are home remedies, OTC medications, and lifestyle changes (diet) that can help reflux?
    • What types of medications are used to treat reflux?
    • What are the difficulties in diagnosing reflux laryngitis?
  • Thymoma Thymoma is an uncommon cancer of the thymus gland. Many thymomas are asymptomatic. When symptoms do occur, they include chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thymoma Article
    • Thymoma facts
    • What is thymoma?
    • What causes thymoma, and what are risk factors for thymoma?
    • What are signs and symptoms of thymoma?
    • What other medical conditions are associated with thymoma?
    • How is thymoma diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of thymoma?
    • What is the treatment for thymoma?
    • What is the prognosis for thymoma?
    • Can thymoma be prevented?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, H1N1, H3N2, and bird flu [H5N1]) facts
    • What is flu (influenza)?
    • When does flu season begin and end?
    • Flu vs. cold
    • What are the causes of the flu (influenza)?
    • What are flu (influenza) symptoms in adults and in children?
    • What is the incubation period for the flu?
    • How long is the flu contagious, and how long does the flu last?
    • How is the flu (influenza) diagnosed?
    • How does flu spread?
    • What is the key to flu (influenza) prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • How effective is the flu vaccine?
    • Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?
    • What types of doctors treat the flu?
    • What can people eat when they have the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis for patients who get the flu? What are possible complications of the flu?
    • Can the flu be deadly?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • What medications treat the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can people find additional information about the flu?
  • GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children Article
    • What are GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What causes GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What are the symptoms of GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • How are GER and GERD in infants and children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for GER in infants?
    • How are GER and GERD treated in infants and children?
    • What is the prognosis for GER and GERD in infants and children?
  • Cryptococcosis Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the Cryptococcus fungus. Cryptococcus is spread through inhalation of airborne fungi....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptococcosis Article
    • What is Cryptococcus?
    • Who gets cryptococcosis?
    • How is Cryptococcus spread?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a cryptococcal infection?
    • How soon do symptoms and signs appear?
    • If I have symptoms and signs, should I see my doctor?
    • How is a cryptococcal infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptococcal infections?
    • How can cryptococcal infections be prevented?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles? What does measles look like?
    • What is rubeola? What is rubella? What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • Is measles contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for measles?
    • What causes measles? How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • What is the incubation period for measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • What types of doctors treat measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • What should someone do if he or she has been exposed to measles?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • What are complications seen with measles?
    • Is it possible to prevent measles with a vaccine? How effective is the measles vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • Why should people get vaccinated against measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from the MMR or MMRV?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • Do people need to be revaccinated against measles if they are traveling to Europe?
    • What adverse reactions or side effects can occur with the measles vaccination?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • Who should be revaccinated (receive a booster shot) against measles?
    • What should I do if I am not sure if I have been properly vaccinated or my vaccine records have been lost?
    • What is herd immunity? Why should people care if others choose not to be vaccinated?
    • Can the measles virus be used to cure cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Legionnaires' Disease Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Legionnaires' Disease Article
    • Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever (legionellosis) facts
    • What causes legionellosis? What is the history of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How common is Legionnaires' disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease made?
    • Who develops Legionnaires' disease?
    • What is the treatment for Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is Legionnaires' disease spread?
    • Where is the Legionella bacterium found?
    • How can Legionnaires' disease be prevented?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What is the incubation period for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs? What are the different types of plague?
    • Is plague contagious? How is plague transmitted?
    • What is the contagious period for pneumonic plague?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague? Is there a plague vaccine?
    • Could plague be used as a biological weapon?
  • Adult-Onset Asthma Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult-Onset Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What is adult-onset asthma?
    • What is the difference between childhood asthma and adult-onset asthma?
    • How is adult-onset asthma diagnosed?
    • Who gets asthma?
    • How is asthma classified?
    • How is asthma treated?
    • Monitoring symptoms
    • Asthma action plan
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Non-polio enteroviruses cause a variety of infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, herpangina,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Article
    • Enterovirus facts
    • What is an enterovirus?
    • What types of illnesses do enteroviruses cause?
    • What are causes and risk factors for an enterovirus infection?
    • Are enteroviruses contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the contagious period for an enterovirus infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an enterovirus infection in children and adults?
    • How do physicians diagnose an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for an enterovirus infection?
    • What types of doctors treat enterovirus infections?
    • Non-polio enterovirus outbreaks, including enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and 71
    • What are complications of an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an enterovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent an enterovirus infection? Is there a vaccine for enteroviruses?
    • Where can people find more information about enterovirus infections?
  • Diphtheria Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diphtheria Article
    • Diphtheria facts
    • What is diphtheria?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diphtheria?
    • What is the history of diphtheria?
    • What causes diphtheria?
    • What are risk factors for diphtheria?
    • How do physicians diagnose diphtheria?
    • What is the treatment for diphtheria?
    • What are possible complications of diphtheria?
    • What is the prognosis of diphtheria?
    • Is it possible to prevent diphtheria? Is there a diphtheria vaccine?
  • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mucormycosis Article
    • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
    • What is mucormycosis?
    • What causes mucormycosis?
    • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
    • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
    • What are complications of mucormycosis?
    • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
    • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
    • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
  • Is a Cough Contagious? There are many types of coughs, for example, dry cough, wet cough, a barking cough, whooping cough, stress induced cough, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is a Cough Contagious? Article
    • What is a cough?
    • Is a cough contagious?
    • How will I know what type of cough I have?
    • When is a cough no longer contagious?
    • How are coughs spread?
    • When should I seek medical care for cough?
  • Valley Fever Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus....learn more »
    In This Article
    Valley Fever Article
    • Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) facts
    • What is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What causes valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • How is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the risk factors for developing valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
    • Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
    • Where can one find more information on valley fever?
  • Asthma in Children Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma in Children Article
    • What is asthma in children?
    • How common is asthma in children?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma in children?
    • How is asthma in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma in children?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma in children?
    • Can asthma in children be prevented?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Bronchiolitis Bronchiolitis is an illness caused by a variety of viruses that is most common during the winter season. Bronchiolitis symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiolitis Article
    • Bronchiolitis facts
    • What is bronchiolitis?
    • What is the difference between bronchiolitis and bronchitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiolitis?
    • Is bronchiolitis contagious?
    • What causes bronchiolitis?
    • Are there children more at risk for bronchiolitis?
    • When should I contact my child's pediatrician about bronchiolitis?
    • How is bronchiolitis diagnosed?
    • What are home remedies or therapies for bronchiolitis?
    • What is the medical treatment bronchiolitis?
    • Can bronchiolitis be prevented?
  • Is Laryngitis Contagious? Laryngitis is inflammation and swelling of the voice box (larynx). Causes of laryngitis are viral, bacterial, fungal, strenuous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Laryngitis Contagious? Article
    • What is laryngitis?
    • Is laryngitis contagious?
    • How will I know I have laryngitis?
    • How is laryngitis spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of laryngitis?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about laryngitis?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques and meditation
    • Other stress-management strategies; Time management
    • Organizational skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polio Article
    • Polio facts
    • What is polio?
    • What is the history of polio?
    • What causes polio?
    • What are risk factors for polio? How does polio spread?
    • What are polio symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose polio?
    • What is the treatment for polio?
    • What is the prognosis of polio?
    • Is it possible to prevent polio? Is there a polio vaccine?
    • Polio-like illness
  • Bocavirus Bocavirus infection is usually only found in those with lower respiratory infections or diarrhea. Symptoms include cyanosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bocavirus Article
    • Bocavirus facts
    • What is bocavirus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bocavirus infection?
    • How is bocavirus infection spread?
    • How is bocavirus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bocavirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of bocavirus infection?
    • Can bocavirus infection be prevented?
  • Children's Cough Causes and Treatments Children's cough causes include infection, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or sinus infection, whooping cough, and exposure to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Cough Causes and Treatments Article
    • What is a cough?
    • What are the common causes of acute cough in children?
    • What are the common causes of chronic cough in children?
    • How is the cause of childhood cough diagnosed?
    • What are the various therapies and home remedies for childhood cough?
    • When should I contact my doctor for childhood cough symptoms?
  • Asthma Medications There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators....learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Medications Article
    • Who is a candidate for asthma medication?
    • What are controller medications for asthma (long-term control)?
    • What are rescue medications for asthma (short-term control)?
    • What are the different forms of medications (pills, inhalers, nebulizers) to treat asthma?
    • What are the specific controller medications for asthma?
    • What are asthma medication guidelines?
    • What are over-the-counter (OTC) asthma medications?
    • What are the potential risks and side effects of drugs used to treat asthma?
    • What are the various kinds of asthma medications for toddlers and children?
    • What kinds of asthma medications are safe to use in pregnancy?
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of an RSV infection?
  • Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Article
    • Bird flu (avian flu) facts
    • What is bird flu?
    • What causes bird flu?
    • What are risk factors for bird flu?
    • What are bird flu symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose bird flu?
    • What is the treatment for bird flu?
    • What are the complications of bird flu?
    • What is the prognosis of bird flu?
    • Can bird flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about bird flu?
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?
  • Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Bronchiectasis has three types: 1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, 2) saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, 3) and cystic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
    • What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
    • What is bronchiectasis?
    • Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
    • What causes bronchiectasis?
    • What are the types of bronchiectasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
    • When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
    • How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
    • What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
    • Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • Peanut Allergy About 1% to 2% of people in the U.S. have a peanut allergy. Symptoms and signs of a peanut allergy include rash, hives, redness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peanut Allergy Article
    • Peanut allergy facts
    • What is a peanut allergy?
    • How common is a peanut allergy?
    • Why is peanut allergy increasing and what are risk factors for a peanut allergy?
    • What are peanut allergy symptoms and signs? How do physicians diagnose a peanut allergy?
    • How are peanut allergies managed? What is the treatment for a peanut allergy?
    • Can a peanut allergy be cured or outgrown?
  • SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and...learn more »
    In This Article
    SARS Article
    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) facts
    • What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)?
    • What causes SARS? How is SARS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for SARS?
    • What are SARS symptoms and signs?
    • How is SARS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SARS?
    • What is the prognosis of SARS?
    • Is it possible to prevent SARS?
    • Is there a SARS vaccine? What research is being done on SARS?
    • Where can people get more information about SARS?
  • MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) infection can be spread through respiratory secretions. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) Article
    • Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) facts
    • What is Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)?
    • What causes MERS? How is MERS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for MERS-CoV infection?
    • What are MERS symptoms and signs?
    • How is MERS-CoV diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for MERS-CoV?
    • What is the prognosis of MERS?
    • Is it possible to prevent MERS?
    • Is there a vaccine for MERS-CoV?
    • Where can people get more information about MERS-CoV?
  • German Measles (Rubella) German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles,...learn more »
    In This Article
    German Measles (Rubella) Article
    • What is rubella (German measles)?
    • What are rubella symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of rubella?
    • How is rubella spread from person to person?
    • Can rubella be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Does my child need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
    • As an adult, do I need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Ascariasis A parasite names Ascaris lumbricoides causes ascariasis. Symptoms and signs include: abdominal pain, abdominal swelling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascariasis Article
    • Ascariasis facts
    • What is ascariasis?
    • What is Ascaris lumbricoides? What do Ascaris worms look like?
    • What causes ascariasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an ascariasis infection?
    • What are the risk factors for developing ascariasis?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose ascariasis?
    • What is the treatment for ascariasis?
    • What type of specialists treat ascariasis?
    • Are there home remedies for ascariasis?
    • What are the complications of ascariasis?
    • What is the prognosis of ascariasis?
    • Is it possible to prevent ascariasis?
  • 19 Tips on How to Stop a Cough Coughing is a reflex that helps a person clear their airways of irritants. There are many causes of an excessive or severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    19 Tips on How to Stop a Cough Article
    • What causes coughing?
    • 19 natrual and home remedies to cure and soothe a cough
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) products cure or soothe a cough?
    • What prescription drugs cure a cough?
    • How can I get rid of a nighttime cough?
    • What kind of a doctor treats a cough?
    • When should I see a doctor about a cough?
  • Monkeypox Monkeypox is a viral disease that causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, and a rash with papules and pustules on the face and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Monkeypox Article
    • Monkeypox facts
    • What is monkeypox?
    • What is the history of monkeypox?
    • What causes monkeypox? How is monkeypox transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for monkeypox?
    • What are monkeypox symptoms and signs?
    • How is monkeypox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for monkeypox?
    • What is the prognosis of monkeypox?
    • Can monkeypox be prevented?
    • What research is being done on monkeypox?
    • Where can people get more information about monkeypox?
  • Is Croup Contagious? Croup is a viral infection that typically affects children and causes inflammation of the larynx and trachea. The cough...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Croup Contagious? Article
    • What is croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for croup?
    • How long is croup contagious?
    • How will someone know if he or she is infected with croup?
    • How is croup transmitted?
    • How long does croup last?
    • When should someone seek medical care for croup?
  • Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious? Swine flu (H1N1) is a contagious virus that spreads when an infected individual expels virus-containing droplets into the air...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious? Article
    • What is swine flu?
    • Is swine flu (H1N1) contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu (H1N1)?
    • How will I know if I have swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted?
    • How will I know if I am cured of swine flu?
    • When should I contact medical caregiver about swine flu (H1N1)?
  • What Is Mucus? Mucus is a normal substance produced by lining tissues in the body. Excess mucus or mucus that is yellow, green, brown, or bloody...learn more »
  • Lassa Fever Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lassa Fever Article
    • Lassa fever facts
    • What is Lassa fever?
    • What is the history of Lassa fever?
    • What are causes and risk factors for Lassa fever?
    • Is Lassa fever contagious? If so, what is the contagious period for Lassa fever?
    • When is Lassa fever no longer contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for Lassa fever?
    • What are Lassa fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Lassa fever?
    • What is the treatment for Lassa fever?
    • What are complications for Lassa fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Lassa fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Lassa fever? Is there a vaccine for Lassa fever?
    • What research is being done on Lassa fever?
    • Where can people find more information on Lassa fever?
  • Is Tuberculosis (TB) Contagious? Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes tuberculosis (TB). TB may be transmitted when an infected person sings, sneezes, coughs, or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Tuberculosis (TB) Contagious? Article
    • What is tuberculosis (TB)?
    • Is tuberculosis (TB) contagious?
    • How will I know if I have tuberculosis?
    • How do people transmit tuberculosis?
    • What is the incubation period for tuberculosis?
    • How will I know if I am cured of tuberculosis? What is the contagious period for TB?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about tuberculosis?
  • Is Roseola Contagious? Roseola is a common viral infection among children 6-24 months of age. Symptoms and signs include a high fever and a rash all...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Roseola Contagious? Article
    • What is roseola?
    • Is roseola contagious? What is the incubation period for roseola?
    • How will I know if someone or my child has roseola?
    • How is roseola transmitted?
    • When will I know that someone or my child is cured of roseola?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about roseola?
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Exercise-Induced Asthma Article
    • What is exercise-induced asthma?
    • Why does exercise induce asthma?
    • If I have asthma, should I avoid exercise?
    • Can my exercise-induced asthma be prevented?
    • What are the best exercises for someone with asthma?
    • Are there some tips to prevent and treat exercise-induced asthma?
  • Is Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Contagious? Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Contagious? Article
    • What is whooping cough (pertussis)?
    • Is whooping cough contagious?
    • How will I know if someone has whooping cough? What are the various stages of pertussis?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted? What is the incubation period for pertussis? What is the contagious period for pertussis?
    • When will I know someone is cured of whooping cough?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about whooping cough?
  • Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Contagious? Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a contagious viral infection that causes symptoms such as decreased appetite, runny nose,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Contagious? Article
    • Is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection?
    • What is the contagious period for RSV?
    • How is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) transmitted?
    • When should I seek medical care for anyone with RSV infection?