Chronic Cough Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Chronic Cough. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Chronic Cough or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Article
    • Upper respiratory infection facts
    • What is an upper respiratory infection?
    • Is an upper respiratory infection contagious?
    • What are the causes of upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the risk factors for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the symptoms of upper respiratory infection?
    • When should you seek medical care for upper respiratory infection?
    • How is an upper respiratory infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some of the home remedies for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some data on alternative therapies in treating upper respiratory infections?
    • What are the complications of an upper respiratory infection?
    • Can an upper respiratory infection be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a patient suffering from an upper respiratory infection?
  • Laryngitis Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...learn more »
    In This Article
    Laryngitis Article
    • Laryngitis facts
    • What is laryngitis?
    • What causes laryngitis?
    • What are the symptoms of laryngitis?
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
    • Is laryngitis contagious?
    • How is laryngitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for laryngitis?
    • Are there any home remedies for laryngitis?
    • What are the complications of laryngitis?
  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) signs and symptoms include headache, fever, and facial tenderness, pressure, or pain. Treatments of...learn more »
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Mold Mold exposure may cause symptoms in people who are sensitive to molds. Symptoms of mold allergy include sneezing, runny nose,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mold Article
    • Mold facts
    • What is mold?
    • Where can mold be found in homes?
    • What kinds of health problems may be linked to mold? What are symptoms and signs of mold allergy?
    • How can mold in the household be prevented?
    • Is it necessary to test for mold?
    • How should mold be cleaned up and eliminated?
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) A pulmonary embolism occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) Article
    • Pulmonary embolism facts
    • What is a pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism?
    • How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed?
    • Basic testing (CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine blood test, chest X-ray, EKG)
    • Pulmonary angiogram
    • d-Dimer blood test
    • CT scan
    • Ventilation-perfusion scans
    • Venous Doppler study
    • Echocardiography (EKG, ECG)
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary embolism?
    • Anticoagulation
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary embolism?
    • Can pulmonary embolism be prevented?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Croup Article
    • Croup facts
    • What is croup? What causes croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What are croup symptoms?
    • How is the diagnosis of croup established?
    • What is the treatment for croup?
    • What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
    • Is it possible to prevent croup?
    • What is the prognosis if my child develops croup?
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of Erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis (blood poisoning) be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis (blood poisoning)?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • Thyroid cancer symptoms*
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined for thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone treatment
    • Radioactive iodine therapy
    • External radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Second opinion
    • Follow-up care
    • Sources of support
    • Taking part in cancer research
  • Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Allergic rhinitis symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Article
    • Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip facts
    • What is the purpose of the nose?
    • What are rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What causes rhinitis?
    • Is rhinitis always related to allergies?
    • What conditions cause an abnormal production of nasal secretions?
    • What conditions cause an impaired clearance of nasal secretions?
    • How can chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip be treated?
    • What medications can be used to treat rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What can be used to treat non-allergic rhinitis?
    • Does salt water have any role in the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • What are other options for the treatment of rhinitis and post-nasal drip?
    • Terminology
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What are the benefits of saliva?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Is it possible to prevent dry mouth?
    • What is the prognosis of dry mouth?
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage A subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding under the eye's conjunctiva. There is usually no obvious cause for a subconjunctival...learn more »
    In This Article
    Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Article
    • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage facts
    • What is a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What causes a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • How is a subconjunctival hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • Can a subconjunctival hemorrhage be prevented?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Article
    • Pleurisy facts
    • What is pleurisy?
    • What causes pleurisy?
    • How does the pleura work?
    • What are the symptoms of pleurisy?
    • How is pleurisy diagnosed?
    • How is pleurisy treated?
    • Can pleurisy be prevented?
  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the types of esophageal cancer?
    • What are esophageal cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are esophageal cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for cancer of the esophagus?
    • What follow-up care is necessary during recovery?
    • Where can people get support for esophageal cancer?
    • How can people with esophageal cancer participate in clinical trials?
    • Where can people find more information about esophageal cancer?
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Common Cold Article
    • Common cold facts
    • What is the common cold, and what causes it?
    • How is the common cold transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for acquiring the common cold?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of the common cold in adults, children, and infants?
    • Does it have anything to do with exposure to cold weather?
    • What is the difference between the common cold and influenza (the flu)?
    • How do physicians diagnose the common cold?
    • What is the treatment for the common cold? Are there any home remedies for the common cold?
    • Are antibiotics a suitable treatment for the common cold?
    • When should a health-care professional be consulted?
    • What is the prognosis for the common cold?
    • What are complications of the common cold?
    • Is it possible to prevent the common cold?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Article
    • GERD facts
    • What is GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What causes GERD?
    • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
    • What are the complications of GERD?
    • How is GERD diagnosed and evaluated?
    • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
    • GERD tests
    • How is GERD treated?
    • Lifestyle changes and GERD diet
    • GERD medications
    • GERD surgery
    • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD?
    • What are the unresolved issues in GERD?
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus. Eosinophilic esophagitis has many causes including acid reflux,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eosinophilic Esophagitis Article
    • Eosinophilic esophagitis facts
    • What is and what causes eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What are the symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • How does eosinophilic esophagitis cause dysphagia?
    • What are the other causes of dysphagia for solid food?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis diagnosed?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis treated?
    • What about elimination diets for treating eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What is the future of eosinophilic esophagitis?
  • Angina Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Angina Article
    • What is angina?
    • What causes angina?
    • What are the different types of angina?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
    • How is angina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for angina?
    • Angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery
    • What are other methods are used to evaluate angina?
    • What is the prognosis for angina?
    • Can angina be prevented?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • Can whooping cough be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Neutropenia Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neutropenia Article
    • Neutropenia facts
    • What is neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia defined?
    • What are the clinical consequences of neutropenia?
    • What causes neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia diagnosed?
    • How is neutropenia treated?
  • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
    In This Article
    Barrett's Esophagus Article
    • Barrett's esophagus facts
    • What is Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
    • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
    • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
    • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
    • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
    • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
    • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
    • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
    • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
    • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Fibrosis Article
    • What is pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What are causes and symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Can pulmonary fibrosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Where can I get information to improve the quality of life for those with pulmonary fibrosis?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are the symptoms of swine flu?
    • How is swine flu diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu in humans?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the swine flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccines) is not readily available?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v)?
  • Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Non-polio enteroviruses cause a variety of infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, herpangina,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Article
    • Enterovirus facts
    • What is an enterovirus?
    • What types of illnesses do enteroviruses cause?
    • What are causes and risk factors for an enterovirus infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an enterovirus infection in children and adults?
    • How do physicians diagnose an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for an enterovirus infection?
    • Non-polio enterovirus outbreaks, including enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)
    • What are complications of an enterovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an enterovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent an enterovirus infection? Is there a vaccine for enteroviruses?
    • What is the latest news about the enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) outbreak?
    • Where can people find more information about enterovirus infections?
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of an RSV infection?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles?
    • What is rubeola?
    • What is rubella?
    • What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles?
    • How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • If I am exposed, how long does it take to develop symptoms and signs?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What complications are seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • What should I do if I have been exposed to measles?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • If measles only rarely occurs in the United States, why should I get vaccinated?
    • Do I need to be revaccinated against measles if I am traveling to Europe?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • How can I prevent contracting measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from vaccines?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • What adverse reactions can occur with the measles vaccination?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What are the risk factors for COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • When should I call my doctor about COPD?
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • Home remedies for COPD?
    • Medications for COPD
    • Surgery for COPD
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with COPD?
  • Children's Cough Causes and Treatments Children's cough causes include infection, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or sinus infection, whooping cough, and exposure to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Cough Causes and Treatments Article
    • What is a cough?
    • What are the common causes of acute cough in children?
    • What are the common causes of chronic cough in children?
    • How is the cause of childhood cough diagnosed?
    • What are the various therapies and home remedies for childhood cough?
    • When should I contact my doctor for childhood cough symptoms?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus?
    • What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), and what are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Can hantavirus pulmonary syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague?
    • What are modern concerns about plague?
  • Asthma in Children Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma in Children Article
    • What is asthma in children?
    • How common is asthma in children?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma in children?
    • How is asthma in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma in children?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma in children?
    • Can asthma in children be prevented?
  • GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children Article
    • What are GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What causes GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What are the symptoms of GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • How are GER and GERD in infants and children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for GER in infants?
    • How are GER and GERD treated in infants and children?
    • What is the prognosis for GER and GERD in infants and children?
  • Adult-Onset Asthma Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult-Onset Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What is adult-onset asthma?
    • What is the difference between childhood asthma and adult-onset asthma?
    • How is adult-onset asthma diagnosed?
    • Who gets asthma?
    • How is asthma classified?
    • How is asthma treated?
    • Monitoring symptoms
    • Asthma action plan
  • Thymoma Thymoma is an uncommon cancer of the thymus gland. Many thymomas are asymptomatic. When symptoms do occur, they include chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thymoma Article
    • Thymoma facts
    • What is thymoma?
    • What causes thymoma, and what are risk factors for thymoma?
    • What are signs and symptoms of thymoma?
    • What other medical conditions are associated with thymoma?
    • How is thymoma diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of thymoma?
    • What is the treatment for thymoma?
    • What is the prognosis for thymoma?
    • Can thymoma be prevented?
  • Emphysema Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema Article
    • Emphysema facts
    • What is emphysema?
    • What are the stages of emphysema?
    • What causes emphysema?
    • What are the risk factors for emphysema?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of emphysema?
    • How is emphysema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for emphysema?
    • Quitting smoking
    • Emphysema medications
    • Surgery for emphysema
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation for emphysema
    • What is the life expectancy and outlook for someone with emphysema?
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that may cause liver and lung disease in adults. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Article
    • What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of lung disease caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How common is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What genes are related to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How do people inherit alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What other names do people use for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
  • Bird Flu Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bird Flu Article
    • Bird flu facts
    • What is bird flu?
    • What causes bird flu?
    • What are risk factors for bird flu?
    • What are bird flu symptoms and signs?
    • How is bird flu diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bird flu?
    • What are the complications of bird flu?
    • What is the prognosis of bird flu?
    • Can bird flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about bird flu?
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mucormycosis Article
    • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
    • What is mucormycosis?
    • What causes mucormycosis?
    • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
    • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
    • What are complications of mucormycosis?
    • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
    • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
    • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
  • Reflux Laryngitis Acid backing up into the larynx (voice box), it causes reflux laryngitis. Irritation of the lining of the esophagus, larynx, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reflux Laryngitis Article
    • Reflux laryngitis facts
    • Why does reflux laryngitis occur?
    • What are the typical symptoms of reflux laryngitis?
    • How is reflux laryngitis evaluated?
    • What are home remedies, OTC medications, and lifestyle changes (diet) that can help reflux?
    • What types of medications are used to treat reflux?
    • What are the difficulties in diagnosing reflux laryngitis?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Asthma Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What causes asthma?
    • What are the different types of asthma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
    • How is asthma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma?
    • What is an asthma action plan?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma?
    • Can asthma be prevented?
  • Cryptococcosis Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the Cryptococcus fungus. Cryptococcus is spread through inhalation of airborne fungi....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptococcosis Article
    • What is Cryptococcus?
    • Who gets cryptococcosis?
    • How is Cryptococcus spread?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a cryptococcal infection?
    • How soon do symptoms and signs appear?
    • If I have symptoms and signs, should I see my doctor?
    • How is a cryptococcal infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptococcal infections?
    • How can cryptococcal infections be prevented?
  • Diphtheria Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diphtheria Article
    • Diphtheria facts
    • What is diphtheria?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diphtheria?
    • What is the history of diphtheria?
    • What causes diphtheria?
    • What are risk factors for diphtheria?
    • How do physicians diagnose diphtheria?
    • What is the treatment for diphtheria?
    • What are possible complications of diphtheria?
    • What is the prognosis of diphtheria?
    • Is it possible to prevent diphtheria? Is there a diphtheria vaccine?
  • In This Article
    Interstitial Pneumonitis (Interstitial Lung Disease) Article
    • Interstitial lung disease facts
    • What is interstitial lung disease?
    • What causes interstitial lung disease?
    • What are signs and symptoms of interstitial lung disease?
    • How is interstitial lung disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for interstitial lung disease?
    • What is the prognosis for interstitial lung disease?
    • Can interstitial lung disease be prevented?
  • Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Bronchiectasis has three types: 1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, 2) saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, 3) and cystic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
    • What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
    • What is bronchiectasis?
    • Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
    • What causes bronchiectasis?
    • What are the types of bronchiectasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
    • When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
    • How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
    • What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
    • Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
  • Legionnaires' Disease Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Legionnaires' Disease Article
    • Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever (legionellosis) facts
    • What causes legionellosis? What is the history of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How common is Legionnaires' disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease made?
    • Who develops Legionnaires' disease?
    • What is the treatment for Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is Legionnaires' disease spread?
    • Where is the Legionella bacterium found?
    • How can Legionnaires' disease be prevented?
  • Valley Fever Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus....learn more »
    In This Article
    Valley Fever Article
    • Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) facts
    • What is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What causes valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • How is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the risk factors for developing valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
    • Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
    • Where can one find more information on valley fever?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polio Article
    • Polio facts
    • What is polio?
    • What is the history of polio?
    • What causes polio?
    • What are risk factors for polio? How does polio spread?
    • What are polio symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose polio?
    • What is the treatment for polio?
    • What is the prognosis of polio?
    • Is it possible to prevent polio? Is there a polio vaccine?
    • Polio-like illness
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Bocavirus Bocavirus infection is usually only found in those with lower respiratory infections or diarrhea. Symptoms include cyanosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bocavirus Article
    • Bocavirus facts
    • What is bocavirus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bocavirus infection?
    • How is bocavirus infection spread?
    • How is bocavirus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bocavirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of bocavirus infection?
    • Can bocavirus infection be prevented?
  • SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and...learn more »
    In This Article
    SARS Article
    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) facts
    • What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)?
    • What causes SARS? How is SARS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for SARS?
    • What are SARS symptoms and signs?
    • How is SARS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SARS?
    • What is the prognosis of SARS?
    • Is it possible to prevent SARS?
    • Is there a SARS vaccine? What research is being done on SARS?
    • Where can people get more information about SARS?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Monkeypox Monkeypox is a viral disease that causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, and a rash with papules and pustules on the face and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Monkeypox Article
    • Monkeypox facts
    • What is monkeypox?
    • What is the history of monkeypox?
    • What causes monkeypox? How is monkeypox transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for monkeypox?
    • What are monkeypox symptoms and signs?
    • How is monkeypox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for monkeypox?
    • What is the prognosis of monkeypox?
    • Can monkeypox be prevented?
    • What research is being done on monkeypox?
    • Where can people get more information about monkeypox?
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • German Measles (Rubella) German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles,...learn more »
    In This Article
    German Measles (Rubella) Article
    • What is rubella (German measles)?
    • What are rubella symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of rubella?
    • How is rubella spread from person to person?
    • Can rubella be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Does my child need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
    • As an adult, do I need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Exercise-Induced Asthma Article
    • What is exercise-induced asthma?
    • Why does exercise induce asthma?
    • If I have asthma, should I avoid exercise?
    • Can my exercise-induced asthma be prevented?
    • What are the best exercises for someone with asthma?
    • Are there some tips to prevent and treat exercise-induced asthma?