Cough (Chronic Cough)
Table of Contents
- Chronic cough facts
- What is chronic cough?
- What are causes of chronic cough?
- What are causes of chronic cough? (Continued)
- What are the different types of coughs?
- How is chronic cough treated?
- How is chronic cough treated? (Continued)
- Are there home remedies for chronic cough?
- Can chronic cough be prevented?
What are causes of chronic cough? (Continued)
- Infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia can cause acute cough or a chronic cough. These infections can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungus. Viral infections do not respond to antibiotics. In patients with asthma, viral upper respiratory infections often result in a prolonged cough even after the infection has cleared.
- A particular strain of bacterial pneumonia, called Mycoplasma, may cause a chronic cough with fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and sputum production. This infection is sometimes referred to as "walking pneumonia," and commonly affects young and healthy people.
- Whooping cough (pertussis) is an acute, highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough commonly affects infants and young children, but can be prevented by immunization with pertussis vaccine. In adults, whooping cough can be a cause of chronic cough.
- Chronic cough in children is uncommon. Foreign material obstructing the airways of the lungs, asthma, and allergies are evaluated by a pediatrician.
- Certain medications, notably ACE inhibitors (enalapril [Vasotec], captopril [Capoten] etc.) used in treating high blood pressure, can cause chronic cough.
- Less common causes of chronic cough include allergies, tumors, sarcoidosis, congestive heart failure, or other lung diseases such as chronic obstructive disease (COPD) or emphysema.
If chronic cough persists it is important to be evaluated by a doctor. The doctor who will consider the possibility of asthma, postnasal drip, esophageal reflux, drug side effects, interstitial lung disease, or other unusual infections. Continue Reading