A Picture Guide to Cholesterol Drugs

High cholesterol is a condition that can be controlled with medication if natural methods to lower it fail.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that your body needs to function normally.
LDL is referred to as 'bad cholesterol' and HDL is referred to as 'good cholesterol.'
Medications can be used to lower LDL and raise HDL cholesterol levels.
Statins are a class of drugs that lower the level of cholesterol by reducing the body's production of cholesterol.
atorvastatin (Lipitor) tablets of 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg.
rosuvastatin (Crestor) tablets of 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg.
simvastatin (Zocor) tablets of 5, 10 and 80 mg.
pravastatin (Pravachol) tablets of 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg.
lovastatin (Mevacor) tablets of 10, 20 and 40 mg.
fluvastatin (Lescol) tablets of 20 and 40 mg.
Fibric acid derivatives (fibrates) lower blood triglyceride levels by inhibiting production in the liver of VLDL and speeding up the removal of triglycerides from the blood.
fenofibrate (Tricor) tablets of 48 and 145 mg.
gemfibrozil (Lopid) tablet of 600 mg.
Bile acid sequestrants are medications for lowering LDL cholesterol levels.
colesevelam (Welchol) tablet of 600 mg.
colestipol (Colestid) tablet of 1 gm. and granule packet
cholestyramine (Questran) powder
Nicotinic acid (vitamin B3 or niacin) is most effective in increasing HDL cholesterol and modestly effective in lowering LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels.
niacin, nicotinic acid, vitamin B3 (Niacor, Niaspan, Slo-Niacin) tablets of 500 and 1000 mg.
Cholesterol absorption inhibitors work by preventing the absorption of cholesterol from the intestine.
ezetimibe (Zetia) tablets of 10 mg.
Drug combinations may be prescribed to better combat “bad” cholesterol.
ezetimibe/simvastatin (Vytorin) tablets of  10/10, 10/20, 10/40 and 10/80 mg.
niacin and lovastatin (Advicor) tablet of 500/20 and 1000/20 mg
Chart of cholesterol-altering drugs commonly used in the United States.

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Reviewed by Jay W. Marks, MD on Friday, October 10, 2008

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