Slideshow: Children's Health - Childhood Illnesses Every Parent Should Know

Reviewed by David Perlstein, MD, MBA, FAAP on Thursday, January 16, 2014

A sick child wipes his nose.

RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) is the top cause of bronchiolitis.

Illustration of the ear.

A tube inserted in the ear to secrete fluid from a patient with glue ear.

A boy is sick with croup.

Blisters on the palms of the hands are a characteristic of hand, foot, and mouth disease.

A child with pink eye.

Fifth disease is also called slapped-cheek disease.

Photo of rotavirus

A child with Kawasaki disease.

Chickenpox causes itchy red blisters.

Measles on a child's back.

Mumps causes painful swelling of the salivary glands.

Rubella (German measles) causes a rash and fever.

Photo of whooping cough virus (pertussis)

An MRI shows meningitis.

Photo of strep throat.

A child with scarlet fever rash.

Aspirin should never be given to children.

MRSA is an antibiotic-resistant organism that causes skin infections.

Characteristic golden crusts of impetigo appear below the mouth of a child.

A common fungus causes ringworm.

Lyme disease causes a bull's-eye rash.

Photo of a flu virus cell

Photo of allergens

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