Children's Health Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Children's Health. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Children's Health or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Ringworm The term "ringworm" or "ringworms" refers to fungal infections that are on the surface of the skin. A physical examination of...learn more »
  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rash Article
    • Rash facts
    • What are the causes, symptoms, and signs of common noninfectious rashes?
    • How are common skin rashes diagnosed?
    • Scaly patches of skin produced by fungal or bacterial infection
    • What is the treatment for a rash?
  • Heat Rash Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Rash Article
    • Heat rash facts
    • What is heat rash?
    • What are the causes of heat rash?
    • What are the symptoms of heat rash in children and adults?
    • Who is at risk for heat rash?
    • What does heat rash look like?
    • Heat rash pictures
    • How is heat rash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat rash?
    • Home remedies for heat rash
    • Medical treatment for heat rash
    • How can heat rash be prevented?
    • How effective are electric fans in preventing heat rash?
    • How can people protect their health when temperatures are extremely high?
    • How much water should I drink in hot weather?
    • Should I take salt tablets during hot weather?
    • What is the best clothing for hot weather or a heat wave?
    • What is the prognosis for heat rash?
  • Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Hand-foot-and-mouth syndrome is clinical pattern consisting of a rash on the hands and feet, and in the mouth....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Article
    • Hand foot and mouth (HFM) disease facts
    • What is hand foot and mouth (HFM) disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hand foot and mouth disease?
    • What causes hand foot and mouth disease?
    • How is hand foot and mouth disease spread?
    • What is the incubation period for hand foot and mouth disease?
    • When does hand foot and mouth disease usually occur?
    • How does hand foot and mouth disease affect pregnancy and the baby?
    • What is the course of hand foot and mouth disease?
    • Why haven't we heard more about hand foot and mouth disease?
    • How is hand foot and mouth disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hand foot and mouth disease?
  • Appendicitis Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis often causes fever, loss of appetite, and right lower quadrant...learn more »
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood cells in which the growth and development of the blood cells are abnormal. Strictly...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leukemia Article
    • Leukemia facts*
    • What is leukemia?
    • What are the types of leukemia?
    • Who is at risk for leukemia?
    • What are symptoms of leukemia?
    • How is leukemia diagnosed?
    • How is leukemia treated?
    • How does someone get a second opinion about leukemia treatment?
    • What happens after treatment for leukemia?
    • How important is nutrition and physical activity for leukemia patients?
    • What sort of follow-up care do leukemia patients need?
    • What are some sources of support?
    • What research is being done for leukemia?
    • What resources are available to patients with leukemia?
  • Warts (Common Warts) Common warts are skin growths causes by the human papillomavirus. There are many types of warts, including plantar warts, common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Warts (Common Warts) Article
    • Wart facts
    • What are warts?
    • What are some types of warts?
    • What is the treatment for warts?
    • Is using over-the-counter wart treatments safe?
    • Are wart treatments effective?
    • What if wart removal treatments fail?
  • Nosebleed Nosebleed is common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. Individual taking blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nosebleed Article
    • Nosebleed facts
    • What causes nosebleeds?
    • How do you stop the common nosebleed?
    • How do you prevent the nose from bleeding again?
    • What precautions can you take to prevent nose bleeding?
    • When should you call your doctor or go to an emergency room?
    • What should I do if the doctor has placed nasal packs?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • How is diarrhea defined?
    • Why does diarrhea develop?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Food poisoning
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What is the treatment for diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
  • Impetigo Impetigo is a contagious skin infection caused by staph and strep bacteria. There are two types of impetigo: non-bullous and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Impetigo Article
    • Impetigo facts
    • What is impetigo? What causes impetigo?
    • What are the types of impetigo, and what are impetigo symptoms and signs? What does impetigo look like?
    • Is impetigo contagious?
    • How is impetigo diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for impetigo?
    • What are possible complications of impetigo?
    • Will impetigo leave scars?
    • Can impetigo be prevented?
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Head Lice Head lice infection is called pediculosis. Lice are parasites that feed on blood and can be found on the scalp and hair of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Lice Article
    • Head lice facts
    • What are head lice?
    • How common is head lice infestation?
    • Who is at risk for getting head lice?
    • How in the world does a child get head lice?
    • What do head lice look like?
    • Where are head lice most commonly found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of head lice infestation?
    • How is a head lice infestation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a head lice infestation (pediculosis)?
    • My child has head lice. I don't. Should I treat myself to prevent being infested?
    • Should my pets be treated for head lice?
    • My child is under 2 years of age and has been diagnosed with head lice. Can I treat my child with prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?
    • What OTC medications are available to treat head lice?
    • What is the prescription drug used to treat head lice?
    • Are any home remedies effective at getting rid of head lice?
    • Which head lice medicine is best for me?
    • What are the rules with head lice medicines?
    • How can I prevent head lice?
    • Should household sprays be used to kill adult lice?
    • Should I have a pest-control company spray my house?
    • What is the prognosis of a head lice infestation?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Infectious Mononucleosis Infectious mononucleosis is a virus infection in which there is an increase of white blood cells that are mononuclear (with a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infectious Mononucleosis Article
    • Infectious mononucleosis (mono) facts
    • What is infectious mononucleosis?
    • What is the cause of mono?
    • What are risk factors for mono?
    • How is mono transmitted or spread?
    • What are the symptoms of mono?
    • What are the signs of mono?
    • How is mono diagnosed?
    • What is the usual course and treatment of mono?
    • What are the complications of mono?
    • How can mono be prevented?
    • Conclusion
  • Pink Eye Pink eye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the...learn more »
  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of roseola established?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should I do if my child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • What is the course of roseola?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should I take my child to the doctor with roseola?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scoliosis Article
    • Scoliosis facts
    • What is scoliosis?
    • What causes scoliosis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of scoliosis?
    • How is scoliosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scoliosis?
    • What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
    • Is there a cure for scoliosis?
    • Where can people get more information on scoliosis?
  • Pinworms Pinworm infection is an intestinal infection caused by a pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm. Female pinworms leave the intestine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinworms Article
    • Pinworms facts
    • What is pinworm infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting pinworms?
    • Pinworms in children
    • Pinworms in adults
    • What do pinworms look like (pinworm pictures)?
    • What is the lifecycle of pinworms?
    • How is pinworm infection spread?
    • What are the symptoms of pinworms?
    • How is pinworm infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of pinworms; is there a home treatment?
    • What are the consequences of untreated pinworm infections?
    • How are pinworm infections prevented?
  • Keloid A keloid is a scar that doesn't know when to stop. When the cells keep on reproducing, the result is an overgrown (hypertrophic)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Keloid Article
    • What is a keloid?
    • What is the difference between a keloid and a hypertrophic scar?
    • What are keloid symptoms and signs?
    • What is the cause of keloids?
    • Which people are most susceptible to keloids?
    • In which area of the body are keloids most likely to appear?
    • Keloids and piercing
    • Is keloid prevention possible?
    • Is keloid removal necessary?
    • What are the treatments for keloids?
  • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • What is the prevention for a fever?
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep infection?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Tonsillitis It is thought that the tonsils and adenoids assist the body in fighting incoming bacteria and viruses by helping the body form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tonsillitis Article
    • Tonsillitis and adenoids infection facts
    • What are the tonsils and adenoids?
    • What is the purpose of the tonsils and adenoids?
    • What are the symptoms of tonsillitis or an adenoid infection?
    • Is tonsillitis contagious?
    • What are common problems affecting the tonsils and adenoids?
    • How are tonsillitis and adenoid infection diagnosed?
    • How is tonsillitis and adenoid infection treated?
    • What home remedies help soothe tonsillitis?
    • When should the tonsils and/or adenoids be removed?
  • Jaundice (Adults) Jaundice in adults may be caused by a variety of medical diseases or conditions. Some cases of jaundice can be managed at home...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Adults) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in adults
    • What causes jaundice in adults?
    • Pre-hepatic causes
    • Hepatic causes
    • Post-hepatic causes
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in adults?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in adults?
    • How is jaundice in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in adults?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in adults?
    • Can jaundice in adults be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in adults?
  • Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Cuts, scrapes, and puncture wounds are common, and most people will experience one of these in their lifetime. Evaluating the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Article
    • Cuts, scrapes (abrasions), and puncture wounds facts
    • What is the best first aid for a cut or scrape?
    • Who should seek medical care for a cut?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a wound infection?
    • How are puncture wounds different?
    • Will I need a tetanus shot for a cut, scrape, or puncture wound?
  • Eustachian Tube Problems (Problems Clearing Your Ears) The Eustachian tube is a membrane lined tube that connects the middle ear space to the back of the nose. Problems include partial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eustachian Tube Problems (Problems Clearing Your Ears) Article
    • What is the Eustachian tube?
    • What are the functions of the Eustachian tube?
    • What can cause Eustachian tube blockage?
    • How do changes in altitude or air travel affect Eustachian tube problems?
    • How is Eustachian tube blockage treated?
    • Eustachian Tube Problems At A Glance
  • Strep Throat Strep throat (Group A, beta hemolytic, streptococcus pyogene, GAS) bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Strep Throat Article
    • What is strep throat and what causes strep throat?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of strep throat?
    • Are the signs and symptoms of strep throat different in various age groups?
    • Is strep throat contagious?
    • How is the diagnosis of strep throat established?
    • What are home remedies, OTC, and medical treatments for strep throat?
    • What are the potential complications of strep throat?
    • How can I prevent contracting strep throat?
    • Strep throat facts
  • Swimmer's Ear Swimmer's ear (external otitis) is an infection of the skin that covers the outer ear canal. Causes of swimmer's ear include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swimmer's Ear Article
    • Swimmer's ear facts
    • What is "swimmer's ear" infection or acute external otitis?
    • What are symptoms of swimmer's ear?
    • What is chronic swimmer's ear?
    • What is the treatment for swimmer's ear?
    • How can swimmer's ear be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for swimmer's ear?
    • What about swimmer's ear in children?
    • Why do ears itch?
    • What should I do if I get a foreign object or insect in my ear?
  • Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Middle ear infection or inflammation (otitis media) is inflammation fo the middle ear. There are two types of otitis media, acute...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Article
    • Otitis media (ear infection or inflammation) facts
    • What is otitis media?
    • What are the symptoms of acute middle ear infection?
    • "Are ear infections contagious?
    • How common is acute otitis media?
    • Why do young children tend to have middle ear infections or inflammation?
    • How does the Eustachian tube change as a child gets older?
    • What microorganisms cause otitis media?
    • What is the relationship between bottlefeeding and middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What are the risk factors for acute middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • How is otitis media diagnosed?
    • How is acute middle ear infection or inflammation treated?
    • Are there any home remedies for acute ear infection (otitis media)?
    • What causes chronic middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What happens to the eardrum in chronic middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What happens to the eardrum if a hole develops in the eardrum?
    • How is chronic middle ear infection or inflammation treated?
    • What are the goals of otitis media surgery?
    • What is serious middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • What limitations are there on a child with middle ear infection or inflammation?
    • Can otitis media (middle ear infection or inflammation) be prevented?
  • Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydrocephalus Article
    • Hydrocephalus facts
    • What is hydrocephalus?
    • What are the different types of hydrocephalus?
    • Who gets this hydrocephalus?
    • What causes hydrocephalus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hydrocephalus?
    • How is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
    • What is the current treatment for hydrocephalus?
    • What are the possible complications of a shunt system?
    • What is the prognosis for hydrocephalus?
    • What research is being done on hydrocephalus?
    • Where can I get more information about hydrocephalus?
  • Mercury Poisoning Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury is also contained in some fish, some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mercury Poisoning Article
    • Mercury poisoning facts*
    • Mercury introduction
    • General information about mercury and mercury exposure
    • What are the health effects and symptoms of mercury exposure or poisoning?
    • What about mercury in batteries?
    • What about mercury in dental amalgam?
    • What about mercury in fish?
    • What about mercury in fluorescent light bulbs?
    • What about thimerosal in vaccines?
    • What about mercury in thermometers for fever?
    • What about mercury in recycling and waste disposal?
    • How are mercury spills cleaned up?
    • What are more mercury-containing products?
    • How can I find out about mercury exposure where I live?
  • Herpangina Herpangina is a contagious illness often seen in children. It is caused by an enterovirus. Coxsackie virus is the most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Herpangina Article
    • Herpangina facts
    • What is herpangina?
    • What causes herpangina?
    • What are herpangina symptoms and signs?
    • How is herpangina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for herpangina?
    • What is the prognosis for herpangina?
    • What is the difference between herpangina and hand foot and mouth disease?
    • Can herpangina be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about herpangina?
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Common Cold Article
    • Common cold facts
    • What is the common cold, and what causes it?
    • How is the common cold transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for acquiring the common cold?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of the common cold in adults, children, and infants?
    • Does it have anything to do with exposure to cold weather?
    • What is the difference between the common cold and influenza (the flu)?
    • How do physicians diagnose the common cold?
    • What is the treatment for the common cold? Are there any home remedies for the common cold?
    • Are antibiotics a suitable treatment for the common cold?
    • When should a health-care professional be consulted?
    • What is the prognosis for the common cold?
    • What are complications of the common cold?
    • Is it possible to prevent the common cold?
  • Atopic Dermatitis Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atopic Dermatitis Article
    • Atopic dermatitis facts
    • What is atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
    • How common is atopic dermatitis?
    • What causes atopic dermatitis?
    • Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
    • What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
    • What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
    • How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
    • What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
    • What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
    • What are allergens?
    • What are aeroallergens?
    • What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
  • Giardia Lamblia Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Giardia Lamblia Article
    • What is giardiasis?
    • Who is at risk for giardiasis?
    • What signs and symptoms does giardiasis cause?
    • How is giardiasis diagnosed?
    • How is giardiasis treated?
    • How can giardiasis be prevented?
  • Concussion Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Concussion Article
    • What is concussion and what causes concussion?
    • What are the types of concussion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of concussion?
    • How is concussion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for concussion?
    • How can concussion be prevented?
    • What is the future of concussion?
  • Sore Throat Sore throats are generally described as pain or discomfort in the throat area. A sore throat may be caused by bacterial or viral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sore Throat Article
    • Definition of a sore throat
    • What is the difference between sore throat and strep throat?
    • What are the causes of sore throat?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a sore throat?
    • Is a sore throat contagious?
    • When should I see a doctor for a sore throat?
    • How is the diagnosis of sore throat made?
    • What are home remedies to soothe a sore throat?
    • What OTC medications will soothe a sore throat?
    • Are antibiotics necessary for a sore throat?
    • How can I prevent a sore throat?
  • Tetanus Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a seven-day...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tetanus Article
    • Tetanus facts
    • What is tetanus?
    • Where do tetanus bacteria grow in the body?
    • How does the tetanus toxin cause damage to the body?
    • What is the incubation period for tetanus?
    • What is the course of the tetanus disease? What are the symptoms and signs of tetanus?
    • What is the treatment for tetanus?
    • How is tetanus prevented?
    • What is the schedule for active immunization (tetanus shots)?
    • What are the side effects of tetanus immunization?
    • What is passive immunization (by way of specialized immunoglobulin)?
  • Eye Allergy Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Allergy Article
    • Eye allergy facts
    • Eye allergy introduction
    • What causes eye allergies?
    • What is the basic anatomy of the outer eye?
    • Why are the eyes an easy target for allergies?
    • What are symptoms and signs of eye allergies?
    • What are allergic eye conditions?
    • What are eyelid allergies (also called contact eye allergies)?
    • What conditions can be confused with eye allergies?
    • What is the treatment for eye allergies?
    • What is the prognosis of eye allergies?
    • Can eye allergies be prevented?
  • E. coli (0157:H7) There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli ). Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead...learn more »
    In This Article
    E. coli (0157:H7) Article
    • E. coli Facts
    • What is E. coli?
    • What is E. coli 0157:H7?
    • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
    • What are the symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • How is a E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
    • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
    • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
    • Other enterohemorrhagic E. coli strains (for example, 0145, 026:H11, 0104:H4 and 0121)
  • Dog Bite (Treatment) There are millions of dogs living in the United States, and thus many cases of dog bites. Annually, hundreds of people seek...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dog Bite (Treatment) Article
    • Dog bite facts
    • How many dog bites occur?
    • Who is at risk for a dog bite?
    • What should I do if someone is bitten by a dog?
    • When should I call the doctor for a dog bite?
    • What is the treatment for a dog bite?
    • How can dog bites be prevented?
    • Safety tips to prevent dog bites
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mumps Article
    • Mumps facts
    • What is mumps?
    • What is the history of mumps?
    • What causes mumps? How is mumps transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
    • How is mumps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
    • What are complications of mumps?
    • Can mumps be prevented? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
    • What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
    • Where can people find more information on mumps?
  • Ear Wax Ear was is a natural substance secreted by special glands in the skin on the outer part of the ear canal. It repels water, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ear Wax Article
    • What is ear wax?
    • What does ear wax look like?
    • Unpleasant symptoms related to excessive ear wax
    • When should ear wax be removed?
    • How should ear wax be removed?
    • Is it OK to use Q-tips?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections in Children Article
    • Urinary tract infection (UTI) facts
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes urinary tract infections in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
    • How are UTIs in children diagnosed?
    • How long do UTIs in children last?
    • Are UTIs in children contagious?
    • Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
    • What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
    • Can UTIs in children be prevented?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Can meningitis be prevented?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Croup Article
    • Croup facts
    • What is croup? What causes croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What are croup symptoms?
    • What is the treatment for croup?
    • What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
  • Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Gastroenteritis (or stomach flu) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Article
    • Definition of gastroenteritis
    • What causes gastroenteritis?
    • What are the most common causes of gastroenteritis?
    • What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis?
    • Is gastroenteritis contagious?
    • Who is at risk for gastroenteritis?
    • How is gastroenteritis transmitted?
    • How does food become contaminated with gastroenteritis bacteria or viruses?
    • How is gastroenteritis diagnosed?
    • How is gastroenteritis treated?
    • When should I call my doctor for gastroenteritis?
    • What are complications of gastroenteritis?
    • Can gastroenteritis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gastroenteritis?
  • Colic in Babies Colic is crying or fussing that begins suddenly, lasting for a total of three hours a day and happening more than three days a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colic in Babies Article
    • Colic facts
    • What is colic?
    • What are colic symptoms and signs in babies?
    • What can be done to help with colic in babies?
    • What can the doctor do to help a colicky baby? What is the treatment for colic in an infant?
  • Dyslexia Dyslexia affects a person's ability to spell, read, write, or even speak. It's considered the most common learning disability in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dyslexia Article
    • Dyslexia facts
    • What is dyslexia?
    • What causes dyslexia? What are the different types of dyslexia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dyslexia?
    • What do parents do if they see these signs and symptoms?
    • How is dyslexia diagnosed?
    • What type of treatment is available for dyslexia?
  • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotavirus Article
    • Rotavirus infection facts
    • What is rotavirus?
    • What causes rotavirus infection?
    • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
    • What are rotavirus symptoms and signs?
    • How is rotavirus spread?
    • How is rotavirus diagnosed?
    • How is rotavirus treated?
    • What is the prognosis of rotavirus infection?
    • Can rotavirus infection be prevented with a vaccine? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
  • Teething Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teething Article
    • Teething facts
    • What is teething?
    • When do babies start teething?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of teething?
    • What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?
    • How long does teething last?
    • When should I call the pediatrician?
    • What medications are used to treat teething pain?
    • What home remedies provide relief for teething pain?
    • How do I care for my baby's new teeth?
    • When should my child see the dentist?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Food Allergy The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Allergy Article
    • Food allergy facts
    • Introduction to food allergies
    • How do allergic reactions to food occur?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of food allergy?
    • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
    • What are the most common food allergies?
    • What is cross-reactivity?
    • What is oral allergy syndrome?
    • What is exercise-induced food allergy?
    • What conditions have mistakenly been attributed to food allergy?
    • What conditions mimic food allergy?
    • How is food allergy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a food allergy?
    • Are allergy shots effective in preventing or decreasing food allergy?
  • Freckles Freckles are flat circular spots on the skin that may be red, yellow, tan, light brown, brown, or black in color. Lentigo is the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Freckles Article
    • Freckles facts
    • What are freckles?
    • What types of freckles are there?
    • What are "liver spots" or "age spots"?
    • How do freckles develop?
    • How important is heredity with freckles?
    • What is the medical meaning of freckles?
    • How can freckles be prevented?
    • What is the treatment for freckles?
    • What is the value of freckles?
  • Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cerebral Palsy Article
    • Cerebral palsy facts
    • What is cerebral palsy?
    • What are causes of cerebral palsy?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cerebral palsy?
    • What are the types of cerebral palsy?
    • What is spastic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dyskinetic cerebral palsy?
    • What is ataxic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dystonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is choreoathetoid cerebral palsy?
    • What is hypotonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is mixed cerebral palsy?
    • What other conditions are associated with cerebral palsy?
    • How is a child evaluated for cerebral palsy?
    • How is cerebral palsy treated?
    • What are specific treatment plans for cerebral palsy?
    • What is the long-term outlook for patients with cerebral palsy?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • Can whooping cough be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dissociative Identity Disorder Article
    • Dissociative identity disorder (DID) facts
    • What is dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors of dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are dissociative identity disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment methods for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are complications of dissociative identity disorder?
    • How can dissociative identity disorder be prevented?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Rickets Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rickets Article
    • Rickets facts
    • What is rickets?
    • What is the history of rickets?
    • What causes rickets?
    • What are rickets symptoms and signs?
    • How is rickets diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for rickets?
    • What is the prognosis for rickets?
    • How can rickets be prevented?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Objects Or Insects In Ear Objects or insects in the ear can be placed in the ear by patients themselves, or an insect crawling in the ear. Ear wax can also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Objects Or Insects In Ear Article
    • Objects or insects in ear overview
    • What are causes of objects in the ear?
    • What are the symptoms of an object in the ear?
    • When should I call the doctor for an object in the ear?
    • How is an object in the ear diagnosed?
    • How is an object in the ear treated?
    • What are some other types of ear emergencies?
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Cavities Learn more about cavities including symptoms, treatment, and prevention. See how tooth decay, plaque, and bacteria contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cavities Article
    • What are cavities?
    • What are microcavities?
    • How does a cavity form?
    • What risk factors contribute to tooth decay?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cavities?
    • How are cavities diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cavities?
    • What is CAMBRA?
    • Treatment of cavities during pregnancy
    • What is the prognosis of a cavity?
  • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
    • Chickenpox facts
    • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
    • How does chickenpox spread?
    • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
    • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
    • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
    • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
  • Hydrocele Hydrocele is a collection of clear fluid in a thin walled sack that also contains the testicle. Hydroceles are more common in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydrocele Article
    • Hydrocele facts
    • What is a hydrocele?
    • What causes hydroceles?
    • What are the physical features and types of hydroceles?
    • Communicating hydroceles
    • Non-communicating hydroceles
    • How are hydroceles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydroceles?
    • What are other non-tender scrotal swelling conditions?
  • Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptosporidiosis Article
    • What is cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
    • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
    • What is the incubation period for cryptosporidiosis infection?
    • How long will symptoms last?
    • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
    • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
    • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
    • If I have been diagnosed with Crypto, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
  • Thrush and Other Yeast Infections in Children Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida. Oral thrush is a yeast infection of the mouth...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrush and Other Yeast Infections in Children Article
    • What are yeast infections?
    • Why do yeast sometimes cause symptoms?
    • How do babies get yeast infections?
    • What is oral thrush? What are symptoms and signs of oral thrush?
    • How do children (and adults) acquire thrush?
    • How does yeast affect diaper rash?
    • Can thumb sucking cause problems with yeast?
    • Can a nursing mother acquire yeast infections from her infant?
    • What is the treatment for thrush and other yeast infections?
    • Should a child with yeast infection be kept out of child care?
    • Are there other names for yeast infection?
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
    • What causes people to grind their teeth?
    • What are bruxism symptoms and signs?
    • Why is teeth grinding harmful?
    • What is the treatment for bruxism?
    • Do children grind their teeth?
  • Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Microcephaly Article
    • Microcephaly facts*
    • What is microcephaly?
    • What causes microcephaly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of microcephaly?
    • Is there any treatment for microcephaly?
    • What is the prognosis for microcephaly?
    • What research is being done on microcephaly?
    • For more information
  • Fifth Disease Fifth disease (Erythema infectiosum) is caused by a virus known as parvovirus B 19. Symptoms include low-grade fever, fatigue, a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fifth Disease Article
    • Fifth disease facts
    • What is fifth disease? What causes fifth disease?
    • What are fifth disease symptoms and signs in children and adults?
    • Are there other symptoms that can occur with fifth disease?
    • What are the serious complications of fifth disease? Is infection with fifth disease dangerous during pregnancy?
    • What is the treatment for fifth disease?
    • How is fifth disease spread? When is the contagious stage, and should I be isolated if I have fifth disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent the spread of fifth disease?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles?
    • What is rubeola?
    • What is rubella?
    • What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles?
    • How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • If I am exposed, how long does it take to develop symptoms and signs?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • What should I do if I have been exposed to measles?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • If measles only rarely occurs in the United States, why should I get vaccinated?
    • Do I need to be revaccinated against measles if I am traveling to Europe?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • How can I prevent contracting measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from vaccines?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • What adverse reactions can occur to the measles vaccination?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It's caused by a mutation on the X chromosome. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fragile X Syndrome Article
    • Fragile X syndrome facts*
    • What is Fragile X syndrome?
    • What causes Fragile X syndrome?
    • What keeps the FMR1 gene from producing FMRP in Fragile X syndrome?
    • Human cells 101
    • How many people are affected by Fragile X syndrome?
    • How is Fragile X syndrome inherited?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Fragile X syndrome?
    • Intelligence and learning
    • Physical
    • Social and emotional
    • Speech and language
    • Sensory
    • Is there a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Are there treatments for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Educational options
    • Therapeutic options
    • Medication options
    • What are the options for adults who have Fragile X syndrome?
    • What should I do if I find out someone in my family has Fragile X syndrome?
    • What is being done to develop treatments or a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Where can I go for more information about Fragile X syndrome?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Article
    • What are vitamins, and why are they important?
    • Calcium
    • Vitamin D
    • Folic acid
    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin B12
    • Vitamin B6
    • Thiamin (vitamin B1)
    • Niacin
    • Riboflavin
    • Vitamin K
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of a respiratory syncytial virus infection?
  • Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures such as compressed, open, stress, greenstick, spiral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) Article
    • What is a broken bone (fracture)?
    • What causes a broken bone?
    • What are the most common types of broken bones?
    • Compression fracture
    • Skull fracture
    • Stress fracture
    • What are the most common bones that are broken?
    • Broken hand or fingers
    • Broken wrist
    • Broken hip
    • Broken leg
    • Broken toe
    • Broken shoulder
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a broken bone?
    • When should I call a doctor if I think I have broken a bone?
    • How is a broken bone diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken bone?
    • What about surgery for a broken bone?
    • How can fractures be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a broken bone?
  • Diaper Rash A diaper rash is a skin irritation that develops in the diaper-covered region. Most diaper rashes are caused by bacterial or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diaper Rash Article
    • Diaper rash facts
    • What is diaper rash?
    • Is diaper rash a sign of neglectful care?
    • What causes diaper rash?
    • What treatments are recommended for diaper rash?
    • How about not using disposable diapers?
    • How should an allergic rash be treated?
    • How about using cortisone cream?
    • How about using Neosporin?
  • Mental Illness in Children About 5 million children and adolescents in the U.S. suffer from a serious mental illness such as eating disorders, anxiety...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness in Children Article
    • Mental illness in children facts
    • What are the most common mental illnesses in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for mental illness in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness in children?
    • How is mental illness in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mental illness in children?
    • What is the prognosis of mental illness in children?
    • Can mental illness in children be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mental illness in children?
    • Where can parents find information or support groups for mental illness in children?
  • Asthma in Children Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma in Children Article
    • What is asthma in children?
    • How common is asthma in children?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma in children?
    • How is asthma in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma in children?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma in children?
    • Can asthma in children be prevented?
  • Growth Plate Fractures and Injuries Growth plate fractures and injuries occur in the area growing tissue near the end of the long bones of children and teens. Both...learn more »
    In This Article
    Growth Plate Fractures and Injuries Article
    • What Is the Growth Plate?
    • Who Gets Growth Plate Injuries?
    • What Causes Growth Plate Injuries?
    • How Are Growth Plate Fractures Diagnosed?
    • What Kind of Doctor Treats Growth Plate Injuries?
    • How Are Growth Plate Injuries Treated?
    • What Is the Prognosis for Growth in the Involved Limb of a Child With a Growth Plate Injury?
    • What Are Researchers Trying To Learn About Growth Plate Injuries?
    • Where Can People Find More Information About Growth Plate Injuries?
  • Hemophilia Hemophilia is one of a group of inherited bleeding disorders. Hemophilia A and B are inherited in an X-linked recessive genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemophilia Article
    • Hemophilia facts
    • What is hemophilia?
    • What causes hemophilia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemophilia?
    • How is hemophilia diagnosed?
    • Is it possible to know if you are a carrier of hemophilia?
    • What are treatments for hemophilia?
    • What are complications of treatment?
    • Inhibitors
    • Infections
    • Can hemophilia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for hemophilia?
    • What are possible future treatments for hemophilia?
  • Birth Defects Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Defects Article
    • Birth defects facts*
    • What are birth defects?
    • What causes birth defects?
    • What are the different types of birth defects?
    • What are the treatments for birth defects?
  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Idiopathic means that the cause of the condition isn't known. Thrombocytopenic means there's a lower than normal number of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Article
    • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) facts
    • What is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are the types of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura?
    • What are the causes of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are the risk factors for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • How is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura diagnosed (ITP)?
    • What are the treatments for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • How can idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura be prevented (ITP)?
    • Living with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
    • What is the outlook for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
    • What are other names for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)?
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki disease is a rare children's disease characterized by a fever that lasts more than five days and at least four of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kawasaki Disease Article
    • Kawasaki's disease facts
    • What is Kawasaki's disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What is mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome?
    • What are the usual symptoms and signs of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are the less common findings?
    • What is the difference between Kawasaki's disease and Kawasaki's syndrome?
    • What causes Kawasaki's disease?
    • Who develops Kawasaki's disease?
    • How can Kawasaki's disease cause serious complications?
    • What is the treatment for Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?
    • Can Kawasaki's disease be prevented?
  • Stuttering Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by speech disruptions such as prolongations of speech sounds, syllables or words,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stuttering Article
    • What is stuttering?
    • Who stutters?
    • How is speech normally produced?
    • What causes stuttering?
    • How is stuttering diagnosed?
    • How is stuttering treated?
    • What research is being done about stuttering?
    • Where can I get additional information?
  • Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual and extreme mood changes. Symptoms of bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Article
    • Introduction
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What are common symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What affects a child's risk of getting bipolar disorder?
    • How does bipolar disorder affect children and teens differently than adults?
    • How is bipolar disorder detected in children and teens?
    • What illnesses often co-exist with bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What treatments are available for children and teens with bipolar disorder?
    • What can children and teens with bipolar disorder expect from treatment?
    • Where can families of children with bipolar disorder get help?
    • Where can I go for help?
    • What if my child is in crisis?
    • For more information on bipolar disorder
  • Sleepwalking Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleepwalking Article
    • Sleepwalking facts
    • What is sleepwalking?
    • What are the causes, incidence, and risk factors of sleepwalking?
    • What are associated factors to consider?
    • What are symptoms of sleepwalking?
    • What are the signs and tests for sleepwalking?
    • What other conditions will my doctor consider before diagnosing sleepwalking?
    • What is the treatment for sleepwalking?
    • What is the prognosis of sleepwalking?
    • What are the complications of sleepwalking?
    • When should you call your health care practitioner about sleepwalking?
    • How can I prevent sleepwalking?
  • Pervasive Development Disorders Pervasive development disorders (PPDs) are conditions involving developmental delays in children. There are five types of PDDs:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pervasive Development Disorders Article
    • Introduction to pervasive developmental disorders
    • What conditions are considered pervasive development disorders (PDDs)?
    • What are the symptoms of pervasive development disorders?
    • What causes pervasive development disorders?
    • How common are pervasive development disorders?
    • How are pervasive development disorders diagnosed?
    • How are pervasive development disorders treated?
    • What research is being done on pervasive development disorders?
    • What is the outlook for people with pervasive development disorders?
    • Can pervasive developmental disorders be prevented?
  • Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hirschsprung's Disease Article
    • What is Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus?
    • Why does Hirschsprung's disease cause constipation?
    • What causes Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's disease?
    • How is Hirschsprung's disease treated?
    • What will my child's life be like after surgery?
    • If I have more children, will they also have Hirschsprung's disease?
    • Hirschsprung's Disease At A Glance
  • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
    • Breastfeeding facts
    • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
    • Why is the choice so important?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
    • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
    • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
    • When can breastfeeding begin?
    • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
    • When should breast pumps be used?
    • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
    • How can one manage minor discomforts related to breastfeeding?
    • Clogged milk ducts
    • Sore nipples
    • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
    • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
    • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
    • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
    • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
    • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
  • Alcohol and Teens Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by American teenagers. Teens that drink are more likely to drive under the influence,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcohol and Teens Article
    • Alcohol and teens facts
    • How much alcohol do teens use?
    • What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent alcohol use?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen alcoholism?
    • What are the symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcohol poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for alcoholism?
    • What is the prognosis for alcoholism?
    • How can a teen get help for an alcohol problem?
  • Neuroblastoma Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that usually afflicts children under 5 years of age. The cancer forms in the adrenal glands,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuroblastoma Article
    • Neuroblastoma facts*
    • What is neuroblastoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of neuroblastoma?
    • What tests are used in the detection and diagnosis of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the prognosis for neuroblastoma?
    • What are the stages of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the treatment for neuroblastoma?
    • What are treatment options for neuroblastoma?
  • Learning Disabilities Learning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Learning Disabilities Article
    • What are learning disabilities?
    • How common are learning disabilities?
    • What are the signs of a learning disability?
    • What about school and learning disabilities?
    • Tips for parents of children with learning disabilities
    • Tips for teachers of children with learning disabilities
    • Is there any treatment for learning disabilities?
    • What is the prognosis for learning disabilities?
    • What research is being done for learning disabilities?
    • For more information
  • Dental Injuries Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dental Injuries Article
    • Dental injury facts
    • Introduction
    • What is a tooth fracture?
    • What is a serious tooth fracture?
    • What about a chipped tooth?
    • What about a fracture of the enamel and dentin?
    • What if I get my teeth knocked out?
    • What is a displaced tooth?
    • Prevention of dental injuries
  • Phenylketonuria Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Phenylketonuria Article
    • What is phenylketonuria (PKU)?
    • What are the symptoms of phenylketonuria?
    • How common is phenylketonuria?
    • What genes are related to phenylketonuria?
    • How do people inherit phenylketonuria?
    • What other names do people use for phenylketonuria?
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition that causes the following symptoms in children:...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • ADHD in children facts
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
    • What are signs and symptoms of ADHD in children?
    • Are there ADHD tests? How do physicians diagnose ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease, a painful inflammation just below the knee but above the shin, typically affects adolescent boys....learn more »
    In This Article
    Osgood-Schlatter Disease Article
    • Osgood-Schlatter disease facts
    • What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • What are symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • How is Osgood-Schlatter disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and outlook for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome is a condition characterized by severe floppiness (hypotonia), poor growth, delayed development, and poor...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prader-Willi Syndrome Article
    • Prader-Willi syndrome facts*
    • What is Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and physical features of Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • How common is, and what causes Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Can Prader-Willi syndrome be inherited?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find additional information about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What if I still have specific questions about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find general information about genetic conditions?
  • Braces and Retainers Find out more about how orthodontic braces and retainers can provide proper alignment to crooked teeth. Get information about the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Braces and Retainers Article
    • What are dental braces?
    • Who is a good candidate for braces?
    • What are the different types of braces?
    • How do braces work?
    • What is the procedure for getting braces?
    • Do braces hurt?
    • How much do braces cost? Does insurance cover orthodontic treatment?
    • What's it like to have braces?
    • What happens after braces come off?
  • Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Article
    • Spina bifida facts*
    • Introduction to spina bifida
    • What is spina bifida?
    • What are the different types of spina bifida?
    • What causes spina bifida?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of spina bifida?
    • What are the complications of spina bifida?
    • How is spina bifida diagnosed?
    • How is spina bifida treated?
    • Can spina bifida be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for spina bifida?
    • What research is being done on spina bifida?
  • Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How is childhood obesity diagnosed?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Can childhood obesity be prevented?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
  • Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congenital Heart Defects Article
    • Congenital heart defects facts
    • What are congenital heart defects?
    • How the heart works
    • What are the types of congenital heart defects?
    • What are other names for congenital heart defects?
    • What causes congenital heart defects?
    • What are the signs and symptoms and signs of congenital heart defects?
    • How are congential heart defects diagnosed??
    • How are congenital heart defects treated?
    • Living with a congenital heart defect
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How is depression in children diagnosed?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis of depression in children?
    • Can depression in children be prevented?
    • Where can families get support for a child with depression?
  • Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip Cleft palate and cleft lip are facial and oral defects that occur early in pregnancy. A cleft lip is a split of the two sides of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip Article
    • Cleft lip and cleft palate facts
    • What is a cleft lip? What is a cleft palate?
    • How often do cleft lip and cleft palate occur?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for developing a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • How do physicians diagnose a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What are complications of a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What is the treatment for a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • What is the prognosis for a cleft lip and cleft palate?
    • Is it possible to prevent a cleft lip or cleft palate?
  • Insect Sting Allergies The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants. Severity of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insect Sting Allergies Article
    • Stinging insect allergy facts
    • What are stinging insects?
    • Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
    • What types of insect sting reactions occur?
    • How is a severe allergic reaction immediately treated?
    • How can I avoid insect stings?
    • What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?
  • Reye's Syndrome Reye's syndrome (RS, or Reye syndrome) is a sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain with degeneration of the liver. Reye...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reye's Syndrome Article
    • Reye's syndrome facts
    • What is Reye's syndrome?
    • What causes Reye's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for Reye's syndrome?
    • What are Reye's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Reye's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Reye's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Reye's syndrome?
    • Can Reye's syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being done on Reye's syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Reye's syndrome?
  • Birthmark Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birthmark Article
    • Birthmark facts
    • What is a birthmark?
    • What are the different types of birthmarks?
    • What are the characteristics of pigmented birthmarks?
    • What are the characteristics of vascular birthmarks?
    • What causes birthmarks?
    • Are any symptoms and signs associated with birthmarks?
    • What disorders are associated with birthmarks?
    • Can skin damage during delivery produce a birthmark?
    • Does insurance cover the cost of birthmark removal?
    • Is it possible to remove or fade birthmarks?
    • What is the treatment for birthmarks?
    • What is the prognosis of birthmarks?
  • Intussusception Intussusception is the telescoping (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immediately adjacent portion of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intussusception Article
    • Intussusception facts
    • What is intussusception?
    • What happens during intussusception?
    • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
    • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
    • What causes intussusception?
    • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
    • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
    • How is intussusception diagnosed?
    • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
  • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS, infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder), a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Article
    • What is Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What are the signs of Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • How common is Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What causes Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What is the outcome of Landau-Kleffner syndrome?
    • What treatments are available?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Asthma Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What causes asthma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
    • How is asthma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma?
    • What is an asthma action plan?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma?
    • Can asthma be prevented?
  • Indoor Allergens Indoor allergens are substances that can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Common sources of indoor allergens include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Indoor Allergens Article
    • Indoor allergen facts
    • What are allergens?
    • What actually is house dust?
    • What are dust mites?
    • What conditions are most favorable to dust mites?
    • How do dust mites cause allergic symptoms?
    • Can cockroaches cause allergic symptoms?
    • What about allergies to molds?
    • What about allergies to pets?
    • What about allergies to indoor pollens and houseplants?
  • Meningococcemia Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningococcemia Article
    • Meningococcemia facts
    • What is meningococcemia?
    • What causes meningococcemia?
    • What are risk factors for meningococcemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of meningococcemia?
    • How is meningococcemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for meningococcemia?
    • What is the prognosis of meningococcemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningococcemia?
    • Where can people find more information on meningococcemia?
    • What research is being done on meningococcemia?
  • Drowning Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death....learn more »
    In This Article
    Drowning Article
    • What is drowning and what are the statistics?
    • What happens during drowning?
    • What are the complications of drowning?
    • Does the type of drowning matter?
    • Wet vs. dry drowning
    • Salt vs. fresh water drowning
    • What are the risk factors of drowning?
    • What are the symptoms of drowning?
    • When should one seek medical care for drowning?
    • How is drowning diagnosed?
    • How is drowning treated?
    • How can drowning be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a drowning victim?
  • Branchial Cyst A branchial cyst is a congenital remnant from embryologic development that appears on the side of the neck. The cyst may develop...learn more »
    In This Article
    Branchial Cyst Article
    • What is branchial cyst? What is its origin?
    • What are symptoms of a branchial cyst?
    • What are structures in the neck that can be similar to a branchial cyst?
    • How is a branchial cyst treated?
  • Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Article
    • Scarlet fever facts
    • What is scarlet fever?
    • What causes scarlet fever?
    • What is the incubation period for scarlet fever?
    • What are risk factors for scarlet fever?
    • What is the contagious period for scarlet fever?
    • What are scarlet fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose scarlet fever?
    • What is the treatment for scarlet fever?
    • What are complications of scarlet fever?
    • What is the prognosis of scarlet fever? What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent scarlet fever? Is there a scarlet fever vaccine?
  • Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Article
    • What is Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome)?
    • What causes Leigh's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Leigh's disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Leigh's disease?
    • Are there other forms of Leigh's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Leigh's disease?
    • What research is being done with Leigh's disease?
    • Clinical trials for Leigh's disease
    • Support for Leigh's disease
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Febrile Seizures Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever in small children or infants can be frightening, however, in general are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Febrile Seizures Article
    • Seizure symptoms: how to assist the victim
    • NIH on what are febrile seizures?
    • How common are febrile seizures?
    • What are the symptoms of a febrile seizure?
    • What makes a child prone to recurrent febrile seizures?
    • Are febrile seizures harmful?
    • What should be done for a child having a febrile seizure?
    • How are febrile seizures diagnosed and treated?
    • How are febrile seizures prevented?
    • What research is being done on febrile seizures?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) There are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) Article
    • Frostbite and Cold Weather-Related Injuries Facts
    • Introduction to frostbite and cold weather-related injuries
    • What type of injuries can be caused by cold weather?
    • Cold weather-related injuries without tissue freezing
    • Chilblains
    • Trench foot
    • Frostnip
    • Cold weather-related injuries with tissue freezing
    • Frostbite
    • What does frostbite look like (frostbite pictures)?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of frostbite?
    • How should frostbite and other cold weather-related injuries be treated?
    • What is the recovery time for a frostbite injury?
    • When should a person seek medical care for a cold weather-related injury?
    • Who is most likely to get a cold weather-related injury and what can be done to prevent it?
  • Trachoma Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. Symptoms and signs include redness and irritation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trachoma Article
    • Trachoma facts
    • What is trachoma? Is trachoma contagious?
    • How does trachoma manifest itself?
    • What is the cause of trachoma?
    • What are trachoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is trachoma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for trachoma?
    • How long does trachoma last?
    • Can trachoma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for trachoma?
    • What are complications of trachoma?
    • What research is being done on trachoma?
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include E....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Article
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) facts
    • What is a "syndrome?"
    • What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)?
    • What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How is hemolytic uremic syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How can hemolytic uremic syndrome be prevented?
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Article
    • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) facts
    • What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • How do physicians diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What are the complications and long-term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
    • Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
  • Child Abuse Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S....learn more »
    In This Article
    Child Abuse Article
    • Child abuse facts
    • What is child abuse?
    • What are the different types of child abuse?
    • What are risk factors for child abuse?
    • What are symptoms and signs of child abuse?
    • How do physicians diagnose child abuse?
    • What is the treatment for child abuse?
    • What are the complications and prognosis of child abuse?
    • Is it possible to prevent child abuse?
    • What should people do if they suspect that a child is being abused?
    • Where can people find more information about child abuse?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • What are some common physiological sleep disorder symptoms in children?
    • Sleep apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousals symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teen healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better nights sleep?
    • What are some "dont's" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that is caused by an additional set of chromosomes in a developing fetus. Distinctive facial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What causes Down syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Down syndrome?
    • What are the potential complications of Down syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with Down syndrome?
    • What is the life expectancy for someone with Down syndrome?
    • Can Down syndrome be prevented?
  • Bullying Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. The four types of bullying include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullying Article
    • Bullying facts
    • What is bullying?
    • How common is bullying?
    • What are the different types of bullying?
    • What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
    • What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
    • What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
    • What are the effects of bullying?
    • What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
    • What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
    • What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
    • What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
    • Where can people find more information about bullying?
  • Hearing Loss Hearing loss (deafness) may be present at birth or it may manifest later in life. Deafness may be genetic or due to damage from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hearing Loss Article
    • What are forms of hearing loss?
    • What are the types of hearing loss?
    • What are the symptoms of hearing loss?
    • What is the treatment for hearing loss?
  • German Measles (Rubella) German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles,...learn more »
    In This Article
    German Measles (Rubella) Article
    • What is rubella (German measles)?
    • What are rubella symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of rubella?
    • How is rubella spread from person to person?
    • Can rubella be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Does my child need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
    • As an adult, do I need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
  • Guinea Worm Disease Guinea worm disease (GWD or dracunculiasis) is an infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. After a person drinks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Guinea Worm Disease Article
    • Guinea Worm disease facts*
    • What is dracunculiasis?
    • How does Guinea worm disease spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Guinea worm disease?
    • What is the treatment for Guinea worm disease?
    • Where is Guinea worm disease found?
    • Who is at risk for infection?
    • Is Guinea worm disease a serious illness?
    • Is a person immune to Guinea worm disease once he or she has it?
    • How can Guinea worm disease be prevented?
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • Is primary bedwetting due to emotional problems?
    • How is primary bedwetting treated?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for children with bedwetting?
  • Choledochal Cysts Choledochal cysts are cysts of the bile ducts. There are several different types of choledochal cysts. These cysts are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Choledochal Cysts Article
    • What is a choledochal cyst?
    • What are the symptoms and complications of choledochal cysts?
    • How are choledochal cysts diagnosed?
    • How are choledochal cysts treated?
  • Travel Medicine Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travel Medicine Article
    • Why should travelers see a physician before they leave on a trip?
    • What diseases occur in travelers, and how can disease be prevented?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Malaria
    • Meningococcal meningitis
    • Yellow fever
    • Hepatitis A
    • Typhoid fever
    • Polio
    • Cholera
    • What about diseases for which there is no vaccine or preventive medication?
    • What is safe to eat and drink while traveling?
    • What can I do to avoid insect bites?
    • What should be in my travel first aid kit?
    • What are the medical concerns with jet lag?
    • What if I have a medical condition or chronic disease?
    • What if I'm pregnant?
    • What about traveling with children?
    • Where can I find additional information?
  • Infant Formulas Though human milk is the preferred feeding for infants, parents may consider formula-feeding if there is an inadequate supply of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infant Formulas Article
    • Which is better, breastfeeding or formula-feeding?
    • What is in an infant formula, and how do I choose the right one?
    • Can I make my own infant formula?
    • So, what types of formula should parents give to their babies?
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
  • Monkeypox Monkeypox is a viral disease that causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, and a rash with papules and pustules on the face and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Monkeypox Article
    • Monkeypox facts
    • What is monkeypox?
    • What is the history of monkeypox?
    • What causes monkeypox? How is monkeypox transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for monkeypox?
    • What are monkeypox symptoms and signs?
    • How is monkeypox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for monkeypox?
    • What is the prognosis of monkeypox?
    • Can monkeypox be prevented?
    • What research is being done on monkeypox?
    • Where can people get more information about monkeypox?
  • Yaws Yaws is an infectious disease that mainly occurs in the tropical areas of South and Central America, Asia, Africa, and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Yaws Article
    • Yaws facts
    • What is yaws? What are symptoms of yaws?
    • What causes yaws?
    • How does yaws begin and spread?
    • What are developmental stages in the course of yaws?
    • How is yaws diagnosed?
    • How is yaws treated?
    • Why is yaws a serious problem?
    • Why is this disease called yaws?
  • Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Jaundice in infants occur when the baby's liver may not be developed enough to efficiently rid the body of bilirubin. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Article
    • Newborn jaundice and Kernicterus facts
    • What is jaundice in newborns?
    • What is kernicterus?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • When should I contact my doctor if I think my newborn has jaundice?
    • When should I get emergency medical help if I think my newborn has jaundice?
    • How is newborn jaundice diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for newborn jaundice?
    • What are the risk factors for newborn jaundice?
    • What to do before leaving the hospital
    • What do I do if my baby has jaundice?
    • Where can I find support if my infant is affected by kernicterus?
  • Parenting Good parenting helps foster empathy, honesty, self-reliance, self-control, kindness, cooperation, and cheerfulness, says...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting Article
    • Introduction to healthy parenting
    • What are the 10 principles of good parenting?
    • How can parents avoid the dinnertime battle with their children?
    • How can parents fit in family fitness?
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, are the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Article
    • Shaken baby syndrome facts
    • What is shaken baby syndrome?
    • What causes shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are complications and long-term effects of shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of shaken baby syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent shaken baby syndrome?
    • What can caregivers or parents do to calm a crying baby?
  • Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Bernard-Soulier disease is a rare inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect in the platelet glycoprotein complex 1b-IX-V....learn more »
    In This Article
    Bernard-Soulier Disease (Giant Platelet Syndrome) Article
    • What is Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • What is the cause of Bernard-Soulier Syndrome?
    • How is Bernard-Soulier syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for Bernard-Soulier syndrome?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulent E. coli infections?
  • Parenting a Child With ADHD ADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting a Child With ADHD Article
    • Childhood ADHD facts
    • What are the signs and symptoms of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents do if they suspect their child has ADHD?
    • What are the causes of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents of children with ADHD expect from their child?
    • What treatment options exist for a child with ADHD?
    • What are the risks of the use of stimulant medication and other treatments?
    • What are other therapeutic approaches for children with ADHD?
    • Is childhood ADHD on the rise?
    • What is the outlook for a child with ADHD?
    • What can parents of children with ADHD do to help themselves?
  • Tips for Parenting a Child with ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging for a parent or caregiver with a child with this disorder....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tips for Parenting a Child with ADHD Article
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are the symptoms of ADHD?
    • What should I do if I am concerned that my child might have ADHD?
    • What are some behavioral treatments and parenting strategies for parents of children with ADHD?
    • Think positively
    • Define schedules and routines
    • Set clear rules and expectations
    • Give clear instructions
    • Discipline, rewards, and consequences
    • Use time-out effectively
    • Ignore, within reason
    • Develop organizational aids
    • Eliminate distractions
    • Set small, attainable goals
    • Focus on one or two challenging behaviors at a time
    • Find areas in which the child excels
    • Promote a healthy lifestyle
    • Show your unconditional love
    • Take care of yourself
    • ADHD resources
  • Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC) Article
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • How should I decide whether to use a medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Where do doctors and nurses find out about using medicines during pregnancy?
    • How do prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine labels help my doctor choose the right medicine for me when I am pregnant?
    • What if I'm thinking about getting pregnant?
    • Is it safe to use medicine while I am trying to become pregnant?
    • What if I get sick and need to use medicine while I am pregnant?
    • I have a health problem. Should I stop using my medicine while I am pregnant?
    • Are vitamins safe for me while I am pregnant?
    • Are herbal remedies or natural products safe for me when I am pregnant?
    • In the future, will there be better ways to know if medicines are safe to use during pregnancy?
    • For more information
  • Poison Control Centers The United States National Poison Hotline is 1-800-222-1222. When you call this number you will be automatically linked to the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Poison Control Centers Article
    • Has the person collapsed or stopped breathing?
    • Has the person swallowed the wrong medicine or too much medicine?
    • Has the person inhaled poison?
    • Is there poison on the person's skin?
    • Is there poison in the person's eyes?
  • Juvenile Bone Health Setting a good example for your children when it comes to diet and exercise will help them to make healthy decisions about...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Bone Health Article
    • Why is childhood such an important time for bone development?
    • What is osteoporosis? Isn't it something old people get?
    • How can I help keep my kids' bones healthy?
    • How can I persuade my daughter to drink milk instead of diet soda? She thinks milk will make her fat.
    • But my kids don't like milk.
    • My teenage son loves milk, but it seems to upset his stomach. Could he have lactose intolerance?
    • My daughter is constantly dieting. Should I be concerned?
    • Should I give my kids calcium supplements?
    • How does physical activity help my kids' bones?
    • Is it possible to get too much exercise?
    • What else can my kids do besides eating calcium-rich foods and getting plenty of weight-bearing exercise to keep their bones healthy?
    • My son has asthma and takes a steroid medication to control it. His doctor said this might affect his bones. Is there anything we can do about this?
    • My 8-year-old son is a daredevil and has already broken several bones. could he have a problem like osteoporosis at this young age?
    • How can I get through to my kids? They sure don't think about their bones.
    • Where can I go for more information?