Children's Cough Causes and Treatments (cont.)
A Word About Children and Cough Medicine
Don't give cough medicine to children under age 4. Not only are these drugs not approved for very young children, there's no proof that they benefit them, either.
Also important: Never give aspirin to children under 18. Aspirin in children may cause
Reye Syndrome, a rare but serious brain disease.
When to Call a Doctor About Your Child's Cough
Call 911 if your child:
- Is struggling for breath, can't talk, or grunts with each breath
- Is choking and unable to stop
- Has passed out or stopped breathing
- Has blue-tinged lips or fingernails
Call your doctor right away if your child:
- Has trouble breathing
- Persistent vomiting
- Turns red or purple when coughing
- Drools or has
- Seems very sick or fatigued
- May have an object caught in their throat
chest pain when breathing deep
- Is coughing blood or wheezing
- Has a weak immune system or is not fully immunized
- Is younger than 4 months old with a rectal temperature above 100.4° F (Do not give fever medicine to infants.)
- Has a fever over 104° F, with no improvement in two hours after fever medicine
WebMD Medical Reference
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: "Cough in Children: Tips to Remember."
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Cold and Cough Medicines: Information for Parents."
Children's Hospital Colorado: "Your Child's Cough," "Flu Facts," "Whooping Cough (Pertussis)," "Asthma Basics," "Asthma and Allergy Awareness – Information You Can Use."
American College of Chest Physicians: "Overview of Common Causes of Chronic Cough."
KidsHealth.org: "Infections: Common Cold."
American Academy of Pediatrics: "Croup Treatment."
Seattle Children's Hospital: "Should You See a Doctor? Cough."
Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health | Stanford University School of Medicine: "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) / Heartburn," "Acute Bronchitis."
National Institutes of Health: "Cold and Cough Medicines."
Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava, MD on March 25, 2012
Reviewed on 3/25/2012
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