Chest X-ray Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Chest X-ray that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
    • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
    • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
    • What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
    • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cancer Article
    • What is ovarian cancer?
    • Epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Borderline ovarian tumors
    • Germ cell ovarian cancers
    • Stromal ovarian cancers
    • The statistics for ovarian cancer
    • What are the risk factors for ovarian cancer?
    • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
    • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of ovarian cancer?
    • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
  • Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melanoma Article
    • Melanoma facts
    • Introduction
    • What does melanoma look like? What are the symptoms and signs?
    • What if the skin changes are rapid or dramatic?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for melanoma?
    • How do I know my level of risk for melanoma?
    • What are the types of melanoma?
    • How is melanoma diagnosed?
    • How do doctors determine the prognosis (outlook) of a melanoma?
    • What is the treatment for melanoma?
    • What methods are available to help prevent melanoma?
    • Conclusions
    • What is in the future for melanoma?
    • Additional Resources
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart's function as a pump is inadequate to meet the body's needs. A...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure Article
    • Congestive heart failure facts
    • What is congestive heart failure?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of congestive heart failure?
    • Lifestyle modifications
    • Medications
    • Heart transplant
    • Other mechanical therapies
    • What is the long term outlook for patients with congestive heart failure?
    • What are the areas of new research in congestive heart failure?
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep infection?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rates of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the types of esophageal cancer?
    • What are esophageal cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are esophageal cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for cancer of the esophagus?
    • What follow-up care is necessary during recovery?
    • Where can people get support for esophageal cancer?
    • How can people with esophageal cancer participate in clinical trials?
    • Where can people find more information about esophageal cancer?
  • Cough Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cough Article
    • What is chronic cough?
    • What are causes of chronic cough?
    • What are the different types of coughs?
    • How is chronic cough treated?
    • Are there home remedies for chronic cough?
    • Can chronic cough be prevented?
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in a vein located deep in the muscles of the legs, thighs, pelvis (lower torso), or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Article
    • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) facts
    • Introduction to deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
    • What are the causes of deep vein thrombosis?
    • What are the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for deep vein thrombosis?
    • How is deep vein thrombosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for deep vein thrombosis?
    • What are the complications of deep vein thrombosis?
    • Can deep vein thrombosis be prevented?
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What we know about sarcoidosis
    • Some things we don't know about sarcoidosis
    • How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
    • What are some signs and symptoms that suggest possible sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests show?
    • How is sarcoidosis treated?
    • Living with sarcoidosis
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • Thyroid cancer symptoms*
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined for thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone treatment
    • Radioactive iodine therapy
    • External radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Second opinion
    • Follow-up care
    • Sources of support
    • Taking part in cancer research
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Heart Murmur A heart murmur is the sound generated when blood flow within the heart is not smooth. Causes of heart murmurs can be functional,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Murmur Article
    • Heart murmur facts
    • What is a heart murmur?
    • What causes a heart murmur?
    • What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
    • When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
    • How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
    • What are the complications of a heart murmur?
    • Can a heart murmur be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
  • Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining around the lungs, is associated with sharp chest pain upon breathing in. Cough, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleurisy (Pleuritis) Article
    • Pleurisy facts
    • What is pleurisy?
    • What causes pleurisy?
    • How does the pleura work?
    • What are the symptoms of pleurisy?
    • How is pleurisy diagnosed?
    • How is pleurisy treated?
    • Can pleurisy be prevented?
  • Anal Cancer Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Cancer Article
    • Anal cancer facts*
    • What is anal cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for anal cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anal cancer?
    • How is anal cancer diagnosed?
    • What affects the prognosis?
    • How is the staging of anal cancer determined?
    • What is recurrent anal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anal cancer?
    • How does staging affect the treatment of anal cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for recurrent anal cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about anal cancer?
  • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
    In This Article
    Oral Cancer Article
    • Oral cancer facts*
    • What is the oral cavity?
    • What is cancer?
    • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
    • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
    • How is oral cancer treated?
    • Methods of treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
    • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
    • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
  • Pulmonary Edema Pulmonary edema (swelling or fluid in the lungs) can either be caused by cardiogenic causes (congestive heart failure, heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Edema Article
    • Pulmonary edema facts
    • What is pulmonary edema?
    • What causes pulmonary edema?
    • What are the risk factors for pulmonary edema?
    • What are the symptoms of pulmonary edema?
    • When should I seek medical care for pulmonary edema?
    • How is pulmonary edema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary edema?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary edema?
    • How can pulmonary edema be prevented?
  • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stomach Cancer Article
    • Stomach cancer facts*
    • What is the stomach?
    • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
    • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
    • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
    • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
    • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
    • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
    • What support is there for cancer patients?
    • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring throughout the lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by many conditions including chronic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Fibrosis Article
    • What is pulmonary fibrosis?
    • What are causes and symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is pulmonary fibrosis treated?
    • What are the complications of pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Can pulmonary fibrosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary fibrosis?
    • Where can I get information to improve the quality of life for those with pulmonary fibrosis?
  • Pneumothorax A pneumothorax is free air in the chest outside the lung, that causes the lung to collapse (collapsed lung). There are two types...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumothorax Article
    • Pneumothorax facts
    • What is a pneumothorax?
    • What are the types of pneumothorax?
    • What are the causes of pneumothorax?
    • Who is at risk for pneumothorax?
    • What is a tension pneumothorax?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pneumothorax?
    • How is pneumothorax diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pneumothorax?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of pneumothorax?
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Thoracic outlet syndrome is a condition where symptoms are produced from compression of nerves or blood vessels because the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Article
    • Thoracic outlet syndrome facts
    • What is thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What causes thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What are symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • How do physicians diagnose thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for thoracic outlet syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent thoracic outlet syndrome?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Aortic Stenosis Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Stenosis Article
    • Aortic valve stenosis facts
    • What is aortic stenosis?
    • What causes aortic stenosis?
    • How does aortic stenosis affect the left ventricle pump?
    • What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?
    • What might the doctor find in patients with aortic stenosis?
    • How is aortic stenosis diagnosed?
    • How is aortic stenosis treated?
  • Wegener's Granulomatosis Wegener's granulomatosis, a condition that usually affects young or middle-aged adults, is an inflammation of the arteries...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wegener's Granulomatosis Article
    • Wegener's granulomatosis facts
    • What is Wegener's granulomatosis?
    • What are symptoms of Wegener's granulomatosis?
    • How is Wegener's granulomatosis diagnosed?
    • How is Wegener's granulomatosis treated?
  • Scleroderma Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleroderma Article
    • Scleroderma facts
    • What is scleroderma?
    • What causes scleroderma?
    • What are risk factors for developing scleroderma?
    • How is scleroderma classified?
    • What are scleroderma symptoms and signs?
    • How is scleroderma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleroderma?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with scleroderma?
    • Can scleroderma be prevented?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
    • Related pericarditis article:
      Pericarditis - on eMedicineHealth
  • Scleritis Scleritis is inflammation of the white part of the eye. It may be caused by a serious underlying condition, such as an autoimmune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleritis Article
    • Scleritis facts
    • What is scleritis?
    • What is the sclera?
    • What causes scleritis?
    • What are risk factors for scleritis?
    • What are symptoms of scleritis?
    • What are signs of scleritis?
    • How is scleritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleritis?
    • What are the complications of scleritis?
    • What is the prognosis for scleritis?
    • Can scleritis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on scleritis?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Pleural Effusion Pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the chest or on the lungs. There are two types of pleural effusion, trandsudate and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pleural Effusion Article
    • Pleural effusion definition
    • What are the causes of pleural effusion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pleural effusion?
    • What are the risk factors for pleural effusion?
    • How is pleural effusion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pleural effusion?
    • What are the complications of pleural effusion?
    • Can pleural effusion be prevented?
  • Vaginal Cancer Vaginal cancer is fairly uncommon. There are two types of vaginal cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Cancer Article
    • Vaginal cancer facts*
    • What is vaginal cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors for vaginal cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of vaginal cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose vaginal cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for vaginal cancer?
    • How is staging determined for vaginal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for vaginal cancer?
    • Treatment options by stage
    • Treatment options for recurrent vaginal cancer
    • Where can I find more information about vaginal cancer?
  • Gallbladder Cancer Gallbladder cancer is a rare form of cancer with symptoms that include jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Cancer Article
    • Gallbladder cancer facts*
    • What is gallbladder cancer?
    • What are risk factors for gallbladder cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gallbladder cancer?
    • What exams and tests are used to diagnose gallbladder cancer?
    • What factors affects the prognosis for gallbladder cancer?
    • How is the staging of gallbladder cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for gallbladder cancer?
    • Where can people get more information about gallbladder cancer?
  • Aortic Dissection Aortic dissection is a small tear in the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and supplies blood to the body. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Dissection Article
    • Aortic dissection facts
    • Introduction to aortic dissection
    • What are the causes of aortic dissection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of aortic dissection?
    • How is aortic dissection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for aortic dissection?
    • What is the prognosis for aortic dissection?
    • Can aortic dissection be prevented?
  • Interstitial Lung Disease Interstitial lung disease, is a term to describe a certain lung condition. Causes of interstitial lung disease include lung...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Lung Disease Article
    • Interstitial lung disease facts
    • What is interstitial lung disease?
    • What causes interstitial lung disease?
    • What are the symptoms of interstitial lung disease?
    • How is interstitial lung disease diagnosed?
    • How is interstitial lung disease treated?
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tuberculosis (TB) Article
    • Tuberculosis (TB) facts
    • What is tuberculosis?
    • Are there different types of tuberculosis?
    • What causes tuberculosis?
    • What are risk factors for tuberculosis?
    • What are tuberculosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose tuberculosis?
    • What is the treatment for tuberculosis?
    • What are complications of tuberculosis?
    • What is the prognosis of tuberculosis?
    • How can people prevent tuberculosis?
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What are the risk factors for COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • When should I call my doctor about COPD?
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • Home remedies for COPD?
    • Medications for COPD
    • Surgery to COPD
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with COPD?
  • Urethral Cancer Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that primarily affects white females, people over 60 years of age, and those who have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Cancer Article
    • Urethral cancer facts*
    • What is urethral cancer?
    • What are risk factors for urethral cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urethral cancer?
    • How is urethral cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral cancer?
    • How is staging of urethral cancer determined?
    • What are the treatment options for urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for posterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for recurrent urethral cancer?
    • Where can people find more information about urethral cancer?
  • Adult-Onset Asthma Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult-Onset Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What is adult-onset asthma?
    • What is the difference between childhood asthma and adult-onset asthma?
    • How is adult-onset asthma diagnosed?
    • Who gets asthma?
    • How is asthma classified?
    • How is asthma treated?
    • Monitoring symptoms
    • Asthma action plan
  • Asthma in Children Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma in Children Article
    • What is asthma in children?
    • How common is asthma in children?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma in children?
    • How is asthma in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma in children?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma in children?
    • Can asthma in children be prevented?
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • How is anthrax treated?
    • How can anthrax be prevented?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congenital Heart Defects Article
    • Congenital heart defects facts
    • What are congenital heart defects?
    • How the heart works
    • What are the types of congenital heart defects?
    • What are other names for congenital heart defects?
    • What causes congenital heart defects?
    • What are the signs and symptoms and signs of congenital heart defects?
    • How are congential heart defects diagnosed??
    • How are congenital heart defects treated?
    • Living with a congenital heart defect
  • Mesothelioma Mesothelioma is a form of cancer that forms in the chest lining (pleural mesothelioma), abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mesothelioma Article
    • Mesothelioma facts
    • What is mesothelioma?
    • What are the symptoms of mesothelioma?
    • What causes mesothelioma?
    • How much asbestos exposure does it take to get mesothelioma?
    • How long does it take after asbestos exposure for mesothelioma to show up?
    • How is mesothelioma diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for mesothelioma?
    • What is the treatment for mesothelioma?
    • Is there any promising research or are there promising drugs for mesothelioma?
    • What other kinds of information is available for people with mesothelioma?
  • Valley Fever Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus....learn more »
    In This Article
    Valley Fever Article
    • Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) facts
    • What is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What causes valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • How is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the risk factors for developing valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
    • Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
    • Where can one find more information on valley fever?
  • Nasopharyngeal Cancer Nasopharyngeal cancer is a form of cancer in which malignant cells form in the nasopharynx tissues. Risk factors include being of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nasopharyngeal Cancer Article
    • What is nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are risk factors for nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • How is nasopharyngeal cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are the stages of nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer?
    • What are treatment options by stage?
    • Where can I get more information about nasopharyngeal cancer?
  • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
    In This Article
    Achondroplasia Article
    • Achondroplasia facts
    • What is achondroplasia?
    • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
    • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia inherited?
    • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
    • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
    • What gene causes achondroplasia?
  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Superior vena cava syndrome is compression of the superior vena cava vein located in the upper chest. Causes of superior vena...learn more »
    In This Article
    Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Article
    • Superior vena cava syndrome facts
    • Introduction
    • What causes superior vena cava syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome?
    • How is superior vena cava syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is superior vena cava syndrome treated?
    • What is the prognosis for superior vena cava syndrome?
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Poland Syndrome Poland syndrome is a congenital malformation that affects one side of the body. Characteristics of Poland syndrome include the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Poland Syndrome Article
    • Poland syndrome facts
    • What is Poland syndrome?
    • Can Poland syndrome affect either side of the body?
    • How frequent is Poland syndrome?
    • What causes Poland syndrome?
    • What are the features of Poland syndrome?
    • What other defects are associated with Poland syndrome?
    • Does Poland syndrome run in families?
    • How is Poland syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Poland syndrome treated?
    • What are the related (alternative) terms?
    • For more information
  • Legionnaires' Disease Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Legionnaires' Disease Article
    • Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever (legionellosis) facts
    • What causes legionellosis? What is the history of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How common is Legionnaires' disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease made?
    • Who develops Legionnaires' disease?
    • What is the treatment for Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is Legionnaires' disease spread?
    • Where is the Legionella bacterium found?
    • How can Legionnaires' disease be prevented?
  • Emphysema Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema Article
    • What is emphysema?
    • What are the risk factors for emphysema?
    • What causes emphysema?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of emphysema?
    • How is emphysema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for emphysema?
    • Quitting smoking
    • Emphysema medications
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation for emphysema
    • Surgery for emphysema
    • What are the stages of emphysema?
    • What is the life expectancy and outlook for someone with emphysema?
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of a respiratory syncytial virus infection?
  • Asthma Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What causes asthma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
    • How is asthma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma?
    • What is an asthma action plan?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma?
    • Can asthma be prevented?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Article
    • What Is dilated cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • How is Dilated Cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What surgeries are used to treat Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
  • Ventricular Septal Defect A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart malformation. A VSD is a hole in the wall of the heart's two lower...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ventricular Septal Defect Article
    • Ventricular septal defect facts
    • What is a ventricular septal defect (VSD)?
    • How common is a VSD?
    • What is the normal design of the heart?
    • How do VSDs cause problems?
    • How is a VSD diagnosed? What are the symptoms of a VSD?
    • What if the VSD is small?
    • How is a small VSD treated?
    • What if the VSD is large?
    • How is a large VSD treated?
    • What types of surgery are available to correct a VSD?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) after a VSD is repaired?
    • What are complications of VSD surgery?
    • What about unusual cases of VSD?
    • What are long-term precautions with VSDs?
  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome Churg-Strauss Syndrome is a form of vasculitis. Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. Symptoms of Churg-Strauss...learn more »
    In This Article
    Churg-Strauss Syndrome Article
    • Churg-Strauss syndrome facts
    • What is Churg-Strauss syndrome?
    • What causes Churg-Strauss syndrome?
    • What are symptoms of Churg-Strauss syndrome?
    • How is Churg-Strauss syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Churg-Strauss syndrome treated?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome?
  • Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Bronchiectasis has three types: 1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, 2) saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, 3) and cystic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
    • What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
    • What is bronchiectasis?
    • Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
    • What causes bronchiectasis?
    • What are the types of bronchiectasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
    • When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
    • How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
    • What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
    • Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
  • Asthma Complexities There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Complexities Article
    • Asthma complexities facts
    • Unusual symptoms of asthma
    • Can a cough without wheezing be due to asthma?
    • Nocturnal asthma
    • Masqueraders of asthma
    • Cardiac asthma
    • Other bronchial conditions
    • Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)
    • Other hypersensitivity reactions
    • Exercise and sports
    • Exercise induced asthma (EIA)
    • What causes exercise induced asthma?
    • What sports are best suited for exercise induced asthma? What sports are not?
    • Ways to prevent and treat exercise induced asthma
    • Conditions that may worsen asthma
    • Gastroesophageal reflex disease
    • The allergic rhinitis-asthma connection
    • Sinusitis and asthma
    • Air pollution
    • Food allergy
  • Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children. Symptoms and signs include fever, easy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Article
    • What is childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • How is childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • What are the stages of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • What is recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • What is the treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • What treatments are being tested in clinical trials?
    • What is the treatment for recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Hypertrophic) Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) affects many people today. Many people with HCM have no symptoms or only minor symptoms, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Hypertrophic) Article
    • What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treated?
    • What lifestyle changes are recommended to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What medications are used for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What surgical procedures are used to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • How can I prevent endocarditis?
    • Related cardiomyopathy article:
      Cardiomyopathy - on eMedicineHealth
  • Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a syndrome is an inherited genetic syndrome characterized by aortic aneurysms in children. Children with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Loeys-Dietz Syndrome Article
    • Loeys-Dietz syndrome facts
    • What is Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • Is Loeys-Dietz syndrome inherited?
    • What causes Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
    • How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome treated?
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Toxic shock syndrome is an infection that causes symptoms such as low blood pressure, fever, and a rash with peeling skin....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Article
    • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) facts
    • What is toxic shock syndrome?
    • What causes toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are toxic shock syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of toxic shock syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent toxic shock syndrome?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Lung Anatomy The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lung Anatomy Article
    • Lung anatomy facts
    • What does breathing accomplish?
    • What are the lungs?
    • What is the structure of the respiratory system?
    • How is air moved into and out of the lungs during respiration?
    • How does gas exchange occur?
    • What are other important events during the breathing cycle?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Restrictive) Restrictive cardiomyopathy, the rarest form of cardiomyopathy, is a condition in which the walls of the lower chambers of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Restrictive) Article
    • What is restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • How is restrictive cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What lifestyle changes are recommended for restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What medications are used for restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • Can surgery treat restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • Related cardiomyopathy article:
      Cardiomyopathy - on eMedicineHealth
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Microsporidiosis Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microsporidiosis Article
    • Microsporidiosis facts
    • What is microsporidiosis? What causes the disease?
    • How are microsporidia transmitted?
    • What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
    • How is microsporidiosis diagnosed?
    • How is microsporidiosis treated?
    • How is microsporidiosis prevented?

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