Who should get the HPV vaccine?
HPV Vaccine Recommendations for Girls, Boys, Women, and Men
Ideally, vaccination should occur before youth become sexually active, since those who have not yet been infected with any HPV types will get the full benefit of the vaccine.
There are three HPV vaccine products available in the US.
- Gardasil has been shown to be safe and 100% effective in preventing infection by four common HPV types (6, 11, 16, 18) in young people who have not been previously infected with HPV. Its effectiveness is lessened for those who have already been exposed to the viruses.
- Gardasil 9 is a newer version of the Gardasil vaccine, and it confers immunity to 9 HPV types (6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58).
- Cervarix is another HPV vaccine, and it prevents infection from HPV types 16 and 18 that are the two HPV types most commonly associated with cervical cancer.