Cervical Cancer
(Cancer of the Cervix)

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Cervical cancer facts

  • Causes and risk factors for cervical cancer include human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, having many sexual partners, smoking, taking birth control pills, and engaging in early sexual contact.
  • HPV infection may cause cervical dysplasia, or abnormal growth of cervical cells.
  • Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous changes in the cervix.
  • Precancerous changes in the cervix may be treated with cryosurgery, cauterization, or laser surgery.
  • The most common symptoms and signs of cervical cancer are
  • Cervical cancer can be diagnosed using a Pap smear or other procedures that sample the cervix tissue.
  • Chest X-rays, CT scan, MRI, and a PET scan may be used to determine the stage of cervical cancer.
  • Cancer of the cervix requires different treatment than cancer that begins in other parts of the uterus.
  • Treatment options for cervical cancer include
  • Two vaccines, Gardasil and Cervarix are vaccines that are available to prevent HPV infection.
  • The prognosis of cervical cancer depends upon the stage and type of cervical cancer as well as the tumor size.
Female Illustration - Cervical Cancer
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/4/2016


Cervical Cancer Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms, Stages and Treatment

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Cervical Cancer - Risk Factors Question: Did you have any of the risk factors for cervical cancer at the time of your diagnosis? If so, what were they?
Cervical Cancer - Symptoms Question: What symptoms did you experience with cervical cancer?
Cervical Cancer - Treatments Question: What treatment has been effective for your cervical cancer?
Cervical Cancer - Share Your Experience Question: Did you have cervical cancer or a precancerous cervical condition? Please share your experience.
Cervical Cancer - Diagnosis Question: Please discuss the tests or exams that led to a diagnosis of cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer - Share Surgery Experience Question: Did you have a surgical procedure to treat cervical cancer or a precancerous condition? Please share your experience.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms and Signs

In its early stages, cervical cancer typically does not cause symptoms. It may be detected on Pap screening and subsequent testing even before symptoms have developed. When symptoms do occur, one of the most common symptoms is abnormal vaginal bleeding. This can include bleeding:

  • between menstrual periods,
  • bleeding after sexual intercourse or a pelvic exam, or
  • bleeding after douching.

Unusually heavy menstrual bleeding and bleeding after menopause are also possible symptoms of cervical cancer.