Gluten-Free Diet

  • Author:
    Betty Kovacs, MS, RD

    Betty is a Registered Dietitian who earned her B.S. degree in Food and Nutrition from Marymount College of Fordham University and her M.S. degree in Clinical Nutrition from New York University. She is the Co-Director and Director of nutrition for the New York Obesity Research Center Weight Loss Program.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Quick GuideGluten-Free Diet Pictures Slideshow

Gluten-Free Diet Pictures Slideshow

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS)

Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) has also been referred to as gluten sensitivity, gluten hypersensitivity, and non-celiac gluten intolerance. The precise number of people who have this is unknown. The symptoms associated with this are diarrhea, bloating, flatulence (gas), abdominal discomfort or pain, fatigue, lethargy, headaches, "foggy mind," fatigue, depression, and/or skin rash. One study also found that people with this also exhibited glossitis, muscle cramps, leg numbness, bone or joint pain, osteoporosis, and unexplained anemia. There is no specific test to diagnose this which makes it a controversial diagnosis. The diagnosis requires that celiac disease and a wheat allergy are ruled out as possibilities. When the removal of gluten from the diet alleviates the symptoms this is considered the diagnosis.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be a frustrating and debilitating diagnosis when there is no specific cause or treatment. Recent research has shown improvements in pain, gas, bloating, and diarrhea with or without constipation following a gluten-free diet in some types of IBS. One study showed that 60% of diarrhea predominant IBS patients following a gluten-free diet returned to normal stool frequency and a decrease in gastrointestinal symptoms. The only way to know for sure if you are gluten sensitive with IBS is to follow a gluten-free diet and see if your symptoms dissipate.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/8/2015

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  • Gluten Free Diet (Celiac Disease) - Symptoms

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  • Gluten Free Diet (Celiac Disease) - Dietary Restrictions

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  • Gluten Free Diet (Celiac Disease) - Safe Foods

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