GENERIC NAME: cefprozil
BRAND NAME: Cefzil
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Cefprozil is a semi-synthetic (partially man-made), oral antibiotic of the cephalosporin family. The cephalosporin family includes cephalexin (Keflex), cefaclor (Ceclor), cefuroxime (Zinacef), cefpodoxime (Vantin), cefixime (Suprax), and many other injectable antibiotics. Like other cephalosporins, cefprozil stops bacteria from multiplying by preventing bacteria from forming the walls that surround them. The walls are necessary to protect bacteria from their environment and to keep the contents of the bacterial cell together. Most bacteria cannot survive without a cell wall. Cefprozil is active against a very wide spectrum of bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes (the cause of strep throat), Hemophilus influenzae (the cause of otitis media, middle ear infection), Moraxella catarrhalis, E. coli, Klebsiella, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella, Shigella, Clostridium perfringens and difficile, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The FDA approved Cefprozil in December 1991.
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