carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril

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GENERIC NAME: carbamazepine

BRAND NAME: Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Carbamazepine is an anti-seizure medication. Recurrent seizures (epilepsy) are divided into two main categories according to how much of the brain is involved, either partial or generalized epilepsy (which includes petit mal, grand mal, and myoclonic epilepsy). Seizures are called "simple" if there is no loss of consciousness and "complex" if there is. Medicines that inhibit seizures are called anti-convulsants. Carbamazepine works as an anti-convulsant for partial and grand mal seizures by reducing or blocking certain responses by nerves in the brain. It also is used for treating trigeminal neuralgia. One dosage form, Equetro, has been approved for treating bipolar disorder. The FDA approved carbamazepine in March 1968.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/31/2014

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