caffeine (Enerjets, No Doz, Vivarin)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

What is caffeine tablets-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Caffeine acts as a stimulant of the nervous system by inhibiting the enzyme phosphodiesterase, just like theophylline and aminophylline. Inhibiting this enzyme leads to increased formation of the proteins which causes release of stimulating chemical signals known as neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters bind to various sites in the body, including the brain, heart, and muscles to cause a stimulant effect.

What brand names are available for caffeine tablets-oral?

Enerjets, No Doz, Vivarin

Is caffeine tablets-oral available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for caffeine tablets-oral?

No

What are the side effects of caffeine tablets-oral?

Side effects associated with caffeine supplements include irregular heartbeat, chest pain, flushing, palpitations, rapid heartbeat, agitation, dizziness, hallucinations, headache, insomnia, irritability, psychosis, restlessness, rash, increased pressure in the eye, and frequent urination.

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