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- What is cabergoline? How does it work (mechanism of action)?
- Is cabergolinel available as a generic drug? Do I need a prescription for it?
- Cabergoline side effects and adverse effects
- Do I need to take this medicine with food?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with cabergoline?
- Is this drug safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about this drug?
What is cabergoline? How does it work (mechanism of action)?
Cabergoline is a synthetic ergot derived medication that acts on dopamine receptors in the pituitary gland which is located at the base of the brain. Cabergoline stimulates D2 (a specific type of dopamine receptor) receptors in the anterior pituitary gland and prevents the production of the hormone prolactin.
The approval of cabergoline has gradually decreased the use of bromocriptine (Cycloset) for the treatment of hyperprolactinemias (abnormally high levels of prolactin in the blood). Cabergoline may be more effective than bromocriptine, and it has less bothersome side effects. Additionally, bromocriptine is given multiple times per day while cabergoline has a longer half-life which allows it to be given twice weekly. Cabergoline was first approved by the US FDA for the treatment of hyperprolactinemic disorders (high levels of prolactin) on December 23, 1996.
Is cabergolinel available as a generic drug? Do I need a prescription for it?
Yes, cabergolinel is available in generic form. You need a prescription from your doctor or other medical health care professional for this drug.
Cabergoline side effects and adverse effects
The most common side effects are:
Less commonly reported side effects are:
- abnormal heart rhythm changes,
- pain in the upper middle area of the stomach,
- nosebleeds, and
- temporary blindness in one half of the visual field in one or both eyes.
Rare (occurring in <1% of patients) side effects include:
- heart problems,
- movement disorders,
- duodenal ulcer,
- facial edema (swelling),
- gastric ulcer,
- increased libido,
- pathological gambling,
- lung problems, and
- weight gain or loss.
Do I need to take this medicine with food?
Cabergoline is better tolerated when administered with food.
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