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- What is bupivicaine-injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for bupivicaine-injection?
- Is bupivicaine-injection available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for bupivicaine-injection?
- What are the side effects of bupivicaine-injection?
- What is the dosage for bupivicaine-injection?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with bupivicaine-injection?
- Is bupivicaine-injection safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about bupivicaine-injection?
What is bupivicaine-injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Bupivacaine is a local anesthetic that is similar to lidocaine and mepivacaine (amide type). Bupivacaine, like other local anesthetics reduces the flow of sodium in and out of nerves. This decreases the initiation and transfer of nerve signals in the area in which the drug is applied. This blockage leads first to a loss of sensation of pain, then temperature, touch, deep pressure, and muscle control. The concentration of the drug will determine how quickly it starts working. The FDA approved bupivacaine in October 1972.
What brand names are available for bupivicaine-injection?
Is bupivicaine-injection available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for bupivicaine-injection?
What are the side effects of bupivicaine-injection?
Side effects are related to higher doses, as well as unintentional injection into alternative sites. Absorption into the blood stream may lead to the following sied effects:
- low blood pressure,
- slow heart rate,
- strong or irregular heartbeat,
- and cardiac arrest.
Other important side effects include:
- fecal and urinary incontinence,
- loss of sexual function,
- blurred vision,
- ringing in the ears, and
- loss of joint cartilage.
Rare, but serious complications include decreased function of the nervous system, activation of the nervous system (resulting in seizures), paraplegia, nerve disorder, total block of spinal nerves, and respiratory arrest. Specific warnings exist about using the 0.75 % dose in obstetrical anesthesia as there have been reports of cardiac arrest.
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