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- Bullying facts
- What is bullying?
- What are the different types of bullying?
- How common is bullying?
- What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
- What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
- What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
- What are the effects of bullying?
- What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
- What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
- What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
- What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
- Where can people find more information about bullying?
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What are the different types of bullying?
There are thought to be at least five types of bullying.
- Physical bullying can involve hitting, kicking, pushing, or otherwise attacking others.
- Verbal bullying refers to the use of words to harm others with name-calling, insults, making sexual or bigoted comments, harsh teasing, or verbal threats.
- Relational bullying focuses on excluding someone from a peer group, usually through verbal threats, spreading rumors, and other forms of intimidation.
- Reactive bullying involves the bully responding to being a former victim by picking on others.
- Bullying can also involve assault on a person's property, when the victim has his or her personal property taken or damaged.
Boys tend to engage in bullying more often than girls, especially at high school age and beyond, and are more likely to engage in physical or verbal bullying, while girls more often engage in relational bullying.
How common is bullying?
Some statistics on bullying suggest that 28% of students from grades six through 12 have a history of being the victim of bullying, 30% of high school students acknowledge having bullied other students. Most victims of cyber bullying have also been victims of school bullying.
Studies show that teachers often underestimate how much bullying is occurring at their school since they only see about 4% of bullying incidents that occur. Further, victims of bullying only report it to school adults one-third of the time, usually when the bullying is being suffered repeatedly or has caused injury. Parents tend to be aware their child is being bullied only about half the time.
More than 40% of workers in the United States are thought to have been bullied in the workplace. More than 90% of working women are estimated to believe they have been undermined by another woman at some time in their careers. However, due to the stereotype that women should be more nurturing, a woman may perceive normal supervision from another woman undermining.