Bug Bites and Stings Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Bug Bites and Stings. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Bug Bites and Stings or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Chiggers Chiggers are a mite belonging to the Trombiculidae family. Chiggers are most commonly found in grassy fields, gardens, parks,...learn more »
  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rash Article
    • Rash facts
    • What are the causes, symptoms, and signs of common noninfectious rashes?
    • How are common skin rashes diagnosed?
    • Scaly patches of skin produced by fungal or bacterial infection
    • What is the treatment for a rash?
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Itching Article
    • Itch facts
    • What is an itch?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
    • What causes itching?
    • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
    • Should I scratch the itch?
    • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
    • What are oral itch treatments?
    • Can itching be prevented?
    • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
    • What are possible complications of itching?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • How is diarrhea defined?
    • Why does diarrhea develop?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Food poisoning
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What is the treatment for diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lyme Disease Article
    • Lyme disease facts
    • What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
    • What is the history of Lyme disease?
    • What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Lyme disease?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Lyme disease?
    • What is the treatment for Lyme disease, and what is its prognosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent Lyme disease? Is there a vaccine?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Ticks Ticks are known transmitters of disease to humans and animals. Tick-borne diseases include Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ticks Article
    • Tick facts
    • What are ticks?
    • What are tick bite symptoms and signs?
    • What diseases do ticks transmit (act as vectors) to humans?
    • How is a tick bite diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diseases transmitted by ticks?
    • What is the treatment for a tick bite?
    • How is a tick removed from the skin?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for people who get a tick bite?
    • What are the risk factors for tick bites?
    • How are bites from ticks prevented?
    • Where can I find more information about ticks?
  • Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) The majority of spiders in the United States are harmless. Two exceptions include the black widow spider and the brown recluse...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) Article
    • Spider bites facts
    • What are the symptoms of spider bites?
    • Black widow spider bite symptoms (picture of black widow)
    • Brown recluse spider bite symptoms (picture of brown recluse spider)
    • Are spider bites dangerous?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a spider?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • What is the prevention for a fever?
  • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
  • Bee and Wasp Sting Bees, wasps, and fire ants are related insects that belong to the Hymenoptera order. There are thousands of species of wasps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bee and Wasp Sting Article
    • Bee and wasp sting facts
    • Insect stings overview
    • What are the types of wasps?
    • What are the types of bees?
    • What are causes of bee and wasp stings?
    • What are the symptoms of a bee or wasp sting?
    • When should I call a doctor about a bee or wasp sting?
    • How is a bee or wasp sting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bee or wasp sting?
    • What are the complications of a bee or wasp sting?
    • How can I prevent a bee or wasp sting?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea and vomiting?
  • West Nile Virus West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after...learn more »
    In This Article
    West Nile Virus Article
    • West Nile virus facts
    • What is the history of West Nile virus?
    • Where did the West Nile virus come from?
    • How do people get West Nile virus?
    • How do mosquitoes get infected with the West Nile virus?
    • Can one person contract the virus from another?
    • Besides mosquitoes, can other insects transmit the West Nile virus?
    • Are there other viruses like the West Nile virus?
    • What are West Nile virus symptoms and signs?
    • When is there an increased risk for infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting West Nile virus?
    • What is the treatment for West Nile virus? Can West Nile virus be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Is a woman's pregnancy at risk if she gets West Nile virus?
    • What can a community do to reduce the risk of an outbreak of the West Nile virus?
    • What can a person do to reduce the risk of becoming infected with the West Nile virus?
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis Necrotizing fasciitis is also known as a flesh-eating bacterial infection, Fournier's gangrene, suppurative fasciitis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Necrotizing Fasciitis Article
    • Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease) facts
    • What is necrotizing fasciitis?
    • Do different types of necrotizing fasciitis exist?
    • What causes necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are necrotizing fasciitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is necrotizing fasciitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for necrotizing fasciitis?
    • How is necrotizing fasciitis prevented? Is necrotizing fasciitis contagious?
    • Who is at risk to get necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for patients with necrotizing fasciitis? What are complications of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are some additional sources of information on necrotizing fasciitis?
  • Myofascial Pain Syndrome Myofascial pain syndrome is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myofascial Pain Syndrome Article
    • Myofascial pain syndrome facts
    • What is myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What are causes and risk factors for myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What are myofascial pain syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is myofascial pain syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of myofascial pain syndrome?
    • Can myofascial pain syndrome be prevented?
  • Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anaphylaxis Article
    • Anaphylaxis facts
    • Introduction to anaphylaxis
    • What is the history of anaphylaxis?
    • How common is anaphylaxis?
    • What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
    • What happens after the symptoms begin?
    • Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
    • How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
    • How do we manage anaphylaxis?
    • What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
    • Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
  • Black Eye The most common cause of a black eye is due to an injury to the face or head. Most black eye injuries are minor and heal on their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Black Eye Article
    • Black eye facts
    • Black eye introduction
    • What causes a black eye?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a black eye?
    • When should I call the doctor for a black eye?
    • How is a black eye diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a black eye?
    • What are the complications of black eye?
    • How can I prevent a black eye?
  • Chagas Disease Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chagas Disease Article
    • Chagas disease (kissing bug disease) facts
    • What is Chagas disease?
    • What is the history of Chagas disease?
    • What causes Chagas disease?
    • What are Chagas disease symptoms and signs?
    • How is Chagas disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Chagas disease?
    • Can transmission of Chagas disease be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are the risk factors for Chagas disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Chagas disease?
    • What are the complications of Chagas disease?
    • What research is being done for Chagas disease?
  • Insect Sting Allergies The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants. Severity of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insect Sting Allergies Article
    • Stinging insect allergy facts
    • What are stinging insects?
    • Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
    • What types of insect sting reactions occur?
    • How is a severe allergic reaction immediately treated?
    • How can I avoid insect stings?
    • What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high-risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Can yellow fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Viral hemorrhagic fever(s), or VHFs are a group of illnesses caused by distinct families of viruses. Many of these viruses are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Article
    • What are viral hemorrhagic fevers?
    • How are hemorrhagic fever viruses grouped?
    • What carries viruses that cause viral hemorrhagic fevers?
    • Where are cases of viral hemorrhagic fever found?
    • How are hemorrhagic fever viruses transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of viral hemorrhagic fever illnesses?
    • How are patients with viral hemorrhagic fever treated?
    • How can cases of viral hemorrhagic fever be prevented and controlled?
    • What needs to be done to address the threat of viral hemorrhagic fevers?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?