budesonide inhaler, Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Pulmicort Respules

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GENERIC NAME: budesonide

BRAND NAME: Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Pulmicort Respules

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Budesonide is a man-made glucocorticoid steroid related to the naturally-occurring hormone, cortisol or hydrocortisone which is produced in the adrenal glands. It is used for treating asthma by inhalation. Glucocorticoid steroids such as cortisol or budesonide have potent anti-inflammatory actions that reduces inflammation and hyper-reactivity (spasm) of the airways caused by asthma. When used as an inhaler, the budesonide goes directly to the inner lining of the inflamed airways to exert its effects. Only 39% of an inhaled dose of budesonide is absorbed into the body, and the absorbed budesonide contributes little to the effects on the airways.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS:

  • Pulmicort Turbuhaler 200 mcg: each 200 mcg actuation delivers 160 mcg of budesonide.
  • Pulmicort Respules, 0.25 mg/2ml, 0.5 mg/2ml suspension, and 1 mg/2ml

STORAGE: Budesonide should be stored at room temperature, 20-25 C (68-77 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: The budesonide inhaler is used for the control of asthma in persons requiring continuous, prolonged treatment. Such patients may include those with frequent asthmatic episodes requiring bronchodilators, for example, albuterol (Ventolin) or those with asthmatic episodes at night.

DOSING: Budesonide is used to prevent asthmatic attacks and should not be used to treat an acute attack of asthma. The Turbuhaler is used for individuals six years of age or older. Effects can be seen within 24 hours, but maximum effects may not be seen for 1-2 weeks or longer. Doses vary widely. Adults usually receive 1 to 4 actuations (puffs) twice daily. Children usually receive 1 to 2 puffs twice daily. For those with mild asthma, treatment once daily may be sufficient.



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