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A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured blood vessels into the tissues as well as from the body's response to the injury. Treatments include applying an ice pack and pressure to the area by hand.

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      Broken Toe Article
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      • What are the symptoms of a broken toe?
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      Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Article
      • Cuts, scrapes (abrasions), and puncture wounds facts
      • What is the best first aid for a cut or scrape?
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      In This Article
      Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
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Terms related to Bruises:

  • Bumps
  • Contusion