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A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured blood vessels into the tissues as well as from the body's response to the injury. Treatments include applying an ice pack and pressure to the area by hand.

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      Broken Toe Article
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      Foot Pain Article
      • How is the foot designed?
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      • What other symptoms and signs may accompany foot pain?
      • When should I seek medical treatment for foot pain?
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      In This Article
      Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) Article
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      • Introduction to frostbite and cold weather-related injuries
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      In This Article
      Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Article
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Terms related to Bruises:

  • Bumps
  • Contusion