Bronchitis (Acute)

  • Medical Author:
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

  • Medical Editor: Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.

Acute Bronchitis Symptoms

Acute bronchitis is often referred to as a "chest cold," caused by a variety of viruses and bacteria. Symptoms of acute bronchitis are:

  • cough,
  • watery eyes,
  • chills,
  • headache, and...

Quick GuideBronchitis Symptoms and Treatments

Bronchitis Symptoms and Treatments

Acute bronchitis definition and facts

  • Bronchitis is an inflammation of your bronchial tubes (the tubes that carry air to your lungs).
  • There are two types of bronchitis; 1) acute bronchitis, and 2) chronic bronchitis.
  • The definition of acute bronchitis is a cough lasting 5 or more days suggests acute bronchitis as a cause. Sometimes people with recurrent acute bronchitis develop chronic bronchitis.
  • Chronic bronchitis is defined as a cough that occurs every day with sputum production that lasts for at least 3 months, 2 years in a row.
  • The most common way most people become infected with or “get” acute bronchitis is via a viral or bacterial infection; however, other causes may include irritants like tobacco smoke, air pollution, or chemicals.
  • The primary symptom of acute bronchitis is a cough. Other symptoms may include:
  • Children with acute bronchitis may have symptoms of:
  • Acute bronchitis can be contagious, however, acute bronchitis caused by exposure to pollutants, tobacco smoke and other chemicals is not contagious
  • Acute bronchitis is diagnosed by the patient's history, physical exam, and possibly procedures or tests.
  • Some home remedies may relieve and soothe bronchitis symptoms.
  • Some medications may relieve bronchitis symptoms, for example, cough suppressants, NSAIDs, acetaminophen, and antibiotics (for bacterial infections only). In children under age 2, a pediatrician should be consulted before OCT medicines are used.
Reviewed on 10/20/2016
References
REFERENCES:

CDC. Adult Treatment Guidelines: Upper Respiratory Tract Infections.

Medscape.com. Pediatric Bronchitis.

NIH. Management of uncomplicated acute bronchitis in adults.

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