Acute Bronchitis

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Acute bronchitis definition

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Acute bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which are the airways that allow air to pass from your mouth to the lungs. It is a general term that describes inflammation of the bronchi that is usually caused by viruses or bacteria, although other things may also cause the disease are far less frequent. A cough lasting 5 or more days suggests acute bronchitis as a cause. People with recurrent acute bronchitis may develop chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is defined as a cough that occurs every day with sputum production that lasts for at least 3 months, 2 years in a row.

What are the causes of acute bronchitis?

The most common causes of acute bronchitis are viruses. Influenza, parainfluenza, RSV, rhinovirus and adenovirus, and corona virus are the main viral genera, but many people develop fairly mild symptoms so often the viral genus is never determined. Bacteria are less common the causative agents of acute bronchitis.

Bacterial causes of the disease include:

In addition, other agents such as tobacco smoke, chemicals and air pollution may irritate the bronchi and cause acute bronchitis.

Picture of the anatomy of the lungs
Picture of the anatomy of the lungs

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/20/2013

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Acute Bronchitis - Experience Question: Please describe your experience with acute bronchitis.
Acute Bronchitis - Symptoms Question: What symptoms did you experience with acute bronchitis, and how long did they last?
Acute Bronchitis - Treatments Question: What treatments were effective for your case of bronchitis?
Acute Bronchitis - Risk Factors Question: What risk factors do you have for acute bronchitis?
Acute Bronchitis - Home Remedies Question: What home remedies have you found helpful for the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
Acute Bronchitis - Complications Question: What complications did you experience with acute bronchitis?

Bronchitis Treatments

What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?

For the majority of cases, the initial treatment is simple to prescribe but frequently ignored or rejected by the patient - stop smoking cigarettes and avoid second-hand tobacco smoke. People should be encouraged in every way to cease smoking, as continuation will only cause further lung damage. Similarly, blocking or removing other underlying causes of repeated bronchial irritation (for example, exposure to chemical fumes) is a treatment goal. Fifty percent of patients with chronic bronchitis who smoke will no longer cough after 1 month of smoking cessation. The number increases to 80% after 2 months.


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