bromocriptine (Parlodel)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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What brand names are available for bromocriptine-oral?

Parlodel

Is bromocriptine-oral available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for bromocriptine-oral?

Yes

What are the side effects of bromocriptine-oral?

WARNING

  • Low blood pressure (hypotension) has been reported in some patients taking bromocriptine. The risk of experiencing hypotension is particularly of concern when treatment is first started or after increases in dose. Patients who are just starting treatment are advised to stand up slowly when getting up from a sitting or lying down position to avoid injury from falls due to dizziness or lightheadedness (orthostatic hypotension).
  • Some patients with pre-existing mental disorders may experience worsening psychotic symptoms or bromocriptine may reduce the effectiveness of some medications used to treat psychotic disorders.
  • Bromocriptine may cause sleepiness or drowsiness. Patients should not drive or operate machinery until they know how they will respond to the medication.
  • Certain medications used to treat schizophrenia and other mental disorders may interact with the way bromocriptine works.

Quick GuideParkinson's Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment

Parkinson's Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment

What is the dosage for bromocriptine-oral?

Bromocriptine should be taken with meals.

  • The dose for treating hyperprolactinemia is 2.5 to 15 mg daily. The initial dose for treating acromegaly is 1.25 to 2.5 mg at night. The dose may be increased by 1.25 to 2.5 mg every 3 to 7 days up to a maximum dose of 100 mg daily.
  • Parkinson's treatment is started at 1.25 mg every 12 hours. The dose may be increased by 2.5 mg a day every 2 to 4 weeks up to a maximum dose of 100 mg daily.

Which drugs or supplements interact with bromocriptine-oral?

  • Certain medications used to treat schizophrenia and other mental disorders may interact with the way bromocriptine works. Patients receiving treatment for mental disorders should check with their doctor or pharmacist before beginning a regimen that contains bromocriptine.
  • Bromocriptine may decrease the effectiveness of ergot related drugs that are used to treat migraine headaches. This combination should be avoided.
  • Bromocriptine is extensively metabolized or broken down by a group of liver enzymes known as the CYP3A4 enzymes. Drugs that increase or decrease the activity of these enzymes should not be combined with bromocriptine.

Is bromocriptine-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of bromocriptine use in pregnant women. Bromocriptine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the unborn baby.

Nursing mothers should not use bromocriptine because it reduces production of breast milk.

What else should I know about bromocriptine-oral?

What preparations of bromocriptine-oral are available?

Tablets: 2.5 mg; Capsules: 5 mg

How should I keep bromocriptine-oral stored?

Bromocriptine tablets and capsules should be stored at room temperature, between 15 C and 30 C (59 F and 86 F).

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Last Editorial Review: 10/13/2015

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Reviewed on 10/13/2015
References
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

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