Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) (cont.)

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Broken leg

Each of the many bones of the lower extremity is at risk for fracture. Leg fractures also may involve the knee joint, and treatment depends upon the type of fracture. Similarly, fractures of the lower leg (tibia and fibula) and talus (the most proximal bone in the foot) may involve the ankle joint.

Fractures and dislocations of the foot may be as complex as the hand. Because of the anatomy, they may also be more difficult to diagnosis on plain X-rays.

Picture of the bones of the leg
Picture of the Bones in the Leg

Broken toe

Broken toes are a common fracture and may be diagnosed by history and physical examination. X-rays may or may not be needed depending upon the clinical situation.

Picture of the Bones in the Foot
Picture of the Bones in the Foot

Broken shoulder

The clavicle (collarbone) fracture is one of the most commonly seen broken bones, fracture of the humeral head (the ball) is quite common an older person who falls.

Depending upon the amount of comminution (into how many pieces the humeral head breaks) surgery may or may not be required. Initial treatment usually begins with a sling.

The scapula or shoulder blade is a flat bone and very difficult to break. The mechanism is usually a direct blow. Any scapula fracture needs to be evaluated for related injuries.

X-ray of a broken collarbone (clavicle)
X-ray of a broken collarbone (clavicle)

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/14/2014

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