Breast Anatomy Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Breast Anatomy. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Breast Anatomy or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swollen Lymph Nodes Article
    • Swollen lymph nodes facts
    • What are lymph nodes?
    • Where are the lymph nodes located in the body?
    • Picture of Lymph Nodes Located in the Body
    • What are the causes of swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes?
    • How are swollen lymph nodes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swollen lymph nodes?
    • When should I see the doctor for swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the common lymph nodes that may become swollen?
    • What are the complications of swollen lymph nodes?
  • Fibrocystic Breast Condition Fibrocystic breast condition (sometimes called fibrocystic breast disease) is characterized by lumpiness and usually discomfort...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibrocystic Breast Condition Article
    • Fibrocystic breast condition facts
    • What are fibrocystic breasts?
    • Is there a difference between fibrocystic breast condition and fibrocystic breast disease?
    • What causes fibrocystic breasts?
    • What are the symptoms of fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Which women are more likely to develop fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Can fibrocystic breast condition affect just one breast?
    • Why is it important to diagnosis fibrocystic breasts?
    • How is fibrocystic breast condition diagnosed?
    • Is there more than one type of fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Why can fibrocystic breast condition be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer?
    • Why don't all women with fibrocystic breast condition have breast biopsies?
    • What is the recommended follow-up for women with fibrocystic breast condition?
    • How is the risk of breast cancer in fibrocystic breast condition patients calculated?
    • What are the treatments for fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Are there any dietary or life style factors associated with fibrocystic breast condition?
  • Cyst Cysts are sac-like structures that may be filled with gas, liquid, or solid materials. Cysts may produce symptoms depending on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyst Article
    • Cyst facts
    • What is a cyst?
    • What causes a cyst?
    • What are the different types of cysts?
    • What are risk factors for a cyst?
    • What are cyst symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose a cyst?
    • What is the treatment for a cyst?
    • What is the prognosis of a cyst?
    • Is it possible to prevent a cyst?
  • Breast Lumps (In Women) Breast lumps in women can have a variety of causes such as breast inflammation, infection, injuries, cancer, and non-cancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Lumps (In Women) Article
    • Breast lumps facts
    • What are causes of breast lumps?
    • Infections that cause breast lumps
    • Injuries that cause breast lumps
    • Non-cancerous growths that cause breast lumps
    • What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
    • What determines breast cancer risk?
    • How are breast lumps evaluated?
    • How can a woman be certain that a lump is not cancer?
    • How are breast lumps treated?
  • Puberty The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Puberty Article
    • Puberty facts
    • What is puberty?
    • When does puberty occur?
    • What determines when puberty begins?
    • What are the physical changes of puberty in girls and boys?
    • What other changes in the body occur during puberty in boys and girls?
    • What are the medical concerns associated with normal puberty?
    • What are medical conditions associated with early or late puberty?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Gynecomastia Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the gland tissue in the male breast is the caused by an imbalance of hormones. Certain medical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gynecomastia Article
    • Gynecomastia facts
    • What is gynecomastia?
    • What causes gynecomastia?
    • What are the risk factors for gynecomastia?
    • What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
    • When should I call the doctor about gynecomastia?
    • How is gynecomastia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gynecomastia?
    • Surgical treatments
    • What are the complications of gynecomastia?
    • Can gynecomastia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gynecomastia?
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to women's health
    • Women's general health and wellness
    • Female anatomy
    • The female reproductive System
    • Female hormones
    • Diseases more common in women
    • Cancer in women
    • Women's cosmetic concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The mature woman - post menopause
  • Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, but some common symptoms include mood changes, headaches, lower back pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Article
    • 8 fast pregnancy symptoms facts
    • Pregnancy symptoms in general
    • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • 8 signs and symptoms of later pregnancy
    • 8 options for relief of pregnancy symptoms
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
    • How is breast cancer diagnosed?
    • Screening for breast cancer
    • Definitive diagnosis
    • Specialized breast cancer testing
    • What are the stages of breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
    • Surgery for breast cancer
    • Radiation for breast cancer
    • Hormone therapy for breast cancer
    • Chemotherapy for breast cancer
    • Targeted therapy for breast cancer
    • Breast cancer treatment by stage
    • What are the survival rates and prognosis for breast cancer?
    • What research is being performed on breast cancer?
    • Can breast cancer be prevented?
  • Lymphedema Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lymphedema Article
    • Lymphedema facts
    • What is lymphedema?
    • What causes lymphedema?
    • What are the symptoms of lymphedema?
    • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
    • What are possible treatments for lymphedema?
    • What are complications of lymphedema?
    • Can lymphedema be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
    • Where can one get help and support for lymphedema?
  • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
    • Prolactinoma facts
    • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
    • What is the normal function of prolactin?
    • What is the pituitary gland?
    • Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
    • How common is a prolactinoma?
    • What are the types of prolactinomas?
    • What causes a prolactinoma?
    • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
    • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
    • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
    • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
    • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How is a prolactinoma treated?
    • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
    • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
    • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
    • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
    • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
  • Paget Disease of the Breast Paget's disease is a rare form of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and frequently coexists with breast cancer. The exact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget Disease of the Breast Article
    • Paget disease of the breast key points
    • What is Paget disease of the breast?
    • Who gets Paget disease of the breast?
    • What causes Paget disease of the breast?
    • What are the symptoms of Paget disease of the breast?
    • How is Paget disease of the breast diagnosed?
    • How is Paget disease of the breast treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with Paget disease of the breast?
    • What research studies are under way on Paget disease of the breast?
  • Inflammatory Breast Cancer Inflammatory breast cancer is an accelerated form of breast cancer that is not usually detected by mammogram or ultrasound....learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Breast Cancer Article
    • What is inflammatory breast cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer?
    • How is inflammatory breast cancer diagnosed?
    • How is inflammatory breast cancer treated?
  • Breast Enlargement Surgery (Breast Augmentation) Second Source article from The Cleveland Clinic...learn more »
  • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
    • Breastfeeding facts
    • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
    • Why is the choice so important?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
    • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
    • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
    • When can breastfeeding begin?
    • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
    • When should breast pumps be used?
    • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
    • Clogged milk ducts
    • Sore nipples
    • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
    • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
    • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
    • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
    • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
    • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
  • Breast Cancer in Young Women About 5% of cases of breast cancer occur in women under the age of 40 years old. Some risk factors for breast cancer in young...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer in Young Women Article
    • Introduction
    • What is different about breast cancer in young women?
    • Can breast cancer in younger women be prevented?
    • Should women under age 40 get mammograms?
    • What's the best way for younger women to screen for breast cancer?
    • How is breast cancer treated in young women?
  • Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Article
    • Introduction
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Breast Cancer and Lymphedema Lymphedema is a common chronic, debilitating condition in which excess fluid called lymph collects in tissues and causes swelling...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer and Lymphedema Article
    • What is lymphedema?
    • Who is at risk for developing lymphedema?
    • What happens after my breast cancer surgery?
    • What are lymphedema symptoms and signs?
    • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for lymphedema?
    • How can I help prevent lymphedema?
    • What can I do if I already have lymphedema?
    • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
  • Breast Cancer Prevention Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Prevention Article
    • Introduction to breast cancer prevention
    • What are the biological causes of breast cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for developing breast cancer?
    • What is the importance of early breast cancer detection?
    • What are the advantages and limitations of mammography?
    • How frequently should women undergo mammography and breast examinations?
    • What is the risk of radiation with repeated mammography screening over the years?
    • How helpful are BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic tests in identifying women at risk?
    • What is the link between estrogen and breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer prevention treatments?
    • Are there other breast cancer prevention measures?
    • Conclusion
  • Breastfeeding: Common Breastfeeding Challenges Breastfeeding an infant can cause common challenges both for the mother an infant. Some challenges include sore nipples, low milk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding: Common Breastfeeding Challenges Article
    • Common breastfeeding challenge facts*
    • Common breastfeeding challenges overview
    • Sore nipples
    • Low milk supply
    • Oversupply of milk
    • Engorgement
    • Plugged ducts
    • Breast infection (mastitis)
    • Fungal infections
    • Nursing strike
    • Inverted, flat, or very large nipples
    • Breastfeeding a baby with health problems
    • Breastfeeding and special situations
  • Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers As breast cancer is the most diagnosed non-skin cancer in American women, it is important to know your breast cancer risk. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers Article
    • Who develops breast cancer?
    • What is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • What are the risk factors used to estimate breast cancer risk in the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • Why are some other risk factors left out of the Tool?
    • Is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool useful for all women?
    • What are some of the latest research findings on breast cancer risk?
    • Are there ways to decrease the chance of developing breast cancer?
    • How did BCPT and STAR use the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool to add to our knowledge of breast cancer risk?
    • What else can a woman do about breast cancer?