Breast Anatomy Index

Featured: Breast Anatomy Main Article

The breast, or mammary gland is made up of lobules, milk producing glands, and a system of ducts to transport milk. Both males and females have breasts. Abnormal enlargement of breasts in men is referred to as gynecomastia. In women, during pregnancy the breasts grow larger and produce milk. Common medical conditions that affect the breasts include breast cancer, breast lumps, fibrocystic changes and cysts, mastitis, and benign tumors (fibroadenomas).

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Breast Enlargement Surgery (Breast Augmentation) Second Source article from The Cleveland Clinic...learn more »
    • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast...learn more »
      In This Article
      Breast Cancer Article
      • Breast cancer facts
      • What is breast cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
      • What causes breast cancer?
      • What are the different types of breast cancer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
      • How is breast cancer diagnosed?
      • Screening
      • Definitive diagnosis
      • Specialized testing
      • What are the stages of breast cancer?
      • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
      • Surgery
      • Radiation
      • Hormone therapy
      • Chemotherapy
      • Targeted therapy
      • Breast cancer treatment by stage
      • What are the survival rates and prognosis for breast cancer?
      • What research is being performed on breast cancer?
      • Can breast cancer be prevented?
    • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
      In This Article
      Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
      • Breastfeeding facts
      • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
      • Why is the choice so important?
      • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
      • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
      • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
      • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
      • When can breastfeeding begin?
      • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
      • When should breast pumps be used?
      • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
      • How can one manage minor discomforts related to breastfeeding?
      • Clogged milk ducts
      • Sore nipples
      • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
      • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
      • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
      • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
      • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
      • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
    • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
      In This Article
      Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
      • Prolactinoma facts
      • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
      • What is the normal function of prolactin?
      • What is the pituitary gland?
      • Where is the pituitary gland located?
      • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
      • How common is a prolactinoma?
      • What are the types of prolactinomas?
      • What causes a prolactinoma?
      • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
      • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
      • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
      • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
      • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
      • How is a prolactinoma treated?
      • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
      • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
      • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
      • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
      • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
      • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
    • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Women's Health Article
      • Introduction to women's health
      • Women's general health and wellness
      • Female anatomy
      • The female reproductive system
      • Female hormones
      • Diseases more common in women
      • Cancer in women
      • Women's cosmetic concerns
      • Menstruation
      • Sexuality
      • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
      • Pregnancy
      • Motherhood
      • Menopause
      • The mature woman - post menopause
    • Breast Cancer Prevention Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing...learn more »
      In This Article
      Breast Cancer Prevention Article
      • Introduction to breast cancer prevention
      • What are the biological causes of breast cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for developing breast cancer?
      • What is the importance of early breast cancer detection?
      • What are the advantages and limitations of mammography?
      • How frequently should women undergo mammography and breast examinations?
      • What is the risk of radiation with repeated mammography screening over the years?
      • Are there any controversies in the area of breast cancer screening?
      • How helpful are BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic tests in identifying women at risk?
      • What is the link between estrogen and breast cancer?
      • What are breast cancer prevention treatments?
      • Are there other breast cancer prevention measures?
      • Conclusion

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Terms related to Breast Anatomy:

  • Areola
  • Mammary Gland
  • Nipple