Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid disease?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer treatments for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet and other treatments
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Brain Tumor A brain tumor can be either benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Tumor Article
    • Brain tumor facts*
    • What is the brain?
    • What are the tumor grades and types?
    • Tumor grade
    • Types of primary brain tumors
    • What are the risk factors for brain tumors?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
    • How are brain tumors diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain tumor?
    • What type of surgery is available for brain tumors?
    • Radiation therapy for brain tumors
    • Chemotherapy for brain tumors
    • What about a second opinion for brain tumor treatment?
    • Nutrition during brain tumor treatment
    • What supportive care is available for patients and caregivers?
    • What about rehabilitation after brain tumor treatment?
    • What about follow-up care after brain tumor treatment?
    • Sources of support
    • Taking part in cancer research
  • Brain Cancer Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign....learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Cancer Article
    • Brain cancer facts
    • What is brain cancer?
    • What is metastatic brain cancer?
    • What causes brain cancer?
    • Do cell phones cause brain cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of brain cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose brain cancer?
    • What is the treatment for brain cancer?
    • What are the side effects of brain cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of treated brain cancer?
    • What can I do to help my family (and me) cope with my diagnosis of brain cancer?
    • How is brain cancer prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about my type of brain cancer?
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Aneurysm (Brain) Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aneurysm (Brain) Article
    • Brain aneurysm facts
    • What is a brain aneurysm and what causes a brain aneurysm?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain aneurysm?
    • How is brain aneurysm diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain aneurysm?
    • What is the outcome of brain aneurysm?
    • What are future directions for the treatment of brain aneurysm?
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What we know about sarcoidosis
    • Some things we don't know about sarcoidosis
    • How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
    • What are some signs and symptoms that suggest possible sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests show?
    • How is sarcoidosis treated?
    • Living with sarcoidosis
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Concussion Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Concussion Article
    • What is concussion and what causes concussion?
    • What are the types of concussion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of concussion?
    • How is concussion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for concussion?
    • How can concussion prevented?
    • What is the future of concussion?
  • Seizure (Epilepsy) Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seizure (Epilepsy) Article
    • Epilepsy Facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is epilepsy?
    • What causes epilepsy?
    • What are the different kinds of seizures?
    • Focal seizures
    • Generalized seizures
    • What are the different kinds of epilepsy?
    • When are seizures not epilepsy?
    • First seizures
    • Febrile seizures
    • Nonepileptic events
    • Eclampsia
    • How is epilepsy diagnosed?
    • Can epilepsy be prevented?
    • How can epilepsy be treated?
    • How does epilepsy affect daily life?
    • Are there special risks associated with epilepsy?
    • What research is being done on epilepsy?
    • How can I help research on epilepsy?
    • What to do if you see someone having a seizure
    • Conclusion
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Brain Hemorrhage A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Hemorrhage Article
    • What is a brain hemorrhage?
    • What causes a brain hemorrhage?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage?
    • How is a brain hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain hemorrhage?
    • What is the prognosis after a brain hemorrhage? Is recovery possible?
    • Special situations
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and what are the complications for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Can meningitis be prevented?
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Article
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) facts
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the causes of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the risk factors for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the symptoms of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • How is transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What is the prognosis for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
  • Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a group of diseases resulting from abnormal deposition of certain proteins (amyloids) in various bodily areas. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amyloidosis Article
    • Amyloidosis facts
    • What is amyloidosis?
    • What causes amyloidosis?
    • What are risk factors for amyloidosis?
    • What are amyloidosis symptoms and signs?
    • How is amyloidosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for amyloidosis?
    • What are complications of amyloidosis?
    • What is the prognosis of amyloidosis?
    • Can amyloidosis be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information on amyloidosis?
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Intestinal bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Head Injury (Brain Injury) In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Injury (Brain Injury) Article
    • Head injury facts
    • Head injury introduction
    • What are the causes of head injury?
    • What are the symptoms of a head injury?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • When should I contact a doctor about a head injury?
    • How is a head injury diagnosed?
    • How is a head injury treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a head injury?
    • How can a head injury be prevented?
    • What about a head injury in infants and young children?
  • Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cerebral Palsy Article
    • Cerebral palsy facts
    • What is cerebral palsy?
    • What are causes of cerebral palsy?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cerebral palsy?
    • What are the types of cerebral palsy?
    • What is spastic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dyskinetic cerebral palsy?
    • What is ataxic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dystonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is choreoathetoid cerebral palsy?
    • What is hypotonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is mixed cerebral palsy?
    • What other conditions are associated with cerebral palsy?
    • How is a child evaluated for cerebral palsy?
    • How is cerebral palsy treated?
    • What are specific treatment plans for cerebral palsy?
    • What is the long-term outlook for patients with cerebral palsy?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts
    • What is dementia?
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • Who develops Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease
    • What causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
    • Partial glutamate antagonists
    • Non-medication based treatments
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms
    • What is the prognosis for a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • Adult Brain Tumors Adult brain tumors are diseases in which cancer (malignant) cells begin to grow in the tissues of the brain. The brain controls...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult Brain Tumors Article
    • Adult brain tumor facts*
    • What are adult brain tumors?
    • What are metastatic brain tumors?
    • What are the symptoms of an adult brain tumor?
    • What tests are used to find and diagnose adult brain tumors?
    • What is the grade of a tumor?
    • What are the types of adult brain tumors?
    • How are adult brain tumors treated?
    • Three types of standard treatment are used.
    • Other types of treatment that are being tested in clinical trials
    • Treatment options by type of adult brain tumor
    • Where can a patient get more information about adult brain tumors?
  • Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia) Face blindness (prosopagnosia) is a condition that causes the inability to recognize faces. Face blindness may be caused by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia) Article
    • Prosopagnosia (face blindness) facts*
    • What is prosopagnosia?
    • Is there any treatment?
    • What is the prognosis?
    • What research is being done?
  • Stroke Prevention Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Prevention Article
    • Introduction
    • What is a Stroke?
    • What are Warning Signs of a Stroke?
    • What are Risk Factors for a Stroke?
    • What Are the Treatable Risk Factors?
    • Do You Know Your Stroke Risk?
  • Coma Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coma Article
    • What is a coma?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • What are the causes of a coma?
    • Trauma
    • Bleeding (hemorrhage)
    • Epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid hemorrhages
    • Tumors
    • Swelling
    • Infection
    • Lack of Oxygen
    • Hypoglycemic coma
    • Poisons
    • How is coma diagnosed?
    • What tests help diagnose coma?
    • What is the prognosis for coma?