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What is the prognosis after a brain hemorrhage? Is recovery possible?
Many patients who have experienced a brain hemorrhage do survive. However, survival rates are decreased when the bleeding occurs in certain areas of the brain or if the initial bleed was very large.
If a patient survives the initial event of an intracranial hemorrhage, recovery may take many months. Over time and with extensive rehabilitation efforts, including physical, occupational, and speech therapy, patients can regain function. However, some can be left with persistent weakness or sensory problems. Other patients may have residual seizures, headaches, or memory problems.
Infants less than 32 weeks gestational age are at higher risk of developing intracranial bleeding, due to the immaturity of the blood vessels. A significant percentage of premature infants may develop some amount of intracranial hemorrhage. This can lead to hydrocephalus, or an enlargement of the fluid-filled spaces of the brain, and can be very serious. If delivery cannot be delayed, certain medications can be given to the mother in an effort to help prevent this condition.
Medically reviewed by Joseph Carcione, DO; American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
Adeoye, O. and J. P. Broderick. "Advances in the management of intracerebral hemorrhage." Nature Reviews. Neurology. 6.11 (2010): 593-601.
Truelsen, T., et al. "The global burden of cerebrovascular disease." World Health Organization, Global Burden of Disease 2000.