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Botulism is an illness caused by a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. There are three types of botulism: food-borne, wound, and infant. Symptoms include muscle paralysis, dry mouth, constipation, slurred speech, and blurred vision. If food-borne and wound botulism are detected early enough, they may be treated with an antitoxin. Infant botulism is treated intravenously with BabyBIG (Botulism Immune Globulin).

Medications

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Constipation (Home Remedies and Medications for Relief) Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    • Food Poisoning Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Food Poisoning Article
      • Food poisoning facts
      • What is food poisoning?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of food poisoning?
      • Are food poisoning and stomach flu the same thing?
      • How long does food poisoning last?
      • What are the types of food poisoning?
      • What are the causes of food poisoning?
      • Short incubation of less than 16 to 24 hours
      • Intermediate incubation from about 1 to 3 days
      • Long incubation of 3 to 5 days
      • Very long incubation of up to a month
      • When should the doctor be called for food poisoning?
      • How is food poisoning diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for food poisoning?
      • Are there any home remedies for food poisoning?
      • How can food poisoning be prevented?
      • What are the complications of food poisoning?
      • What is the prognosis for someone with food poisoning?
    • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
      In This Article
      Fatigue Article
      • Fatigue Facts
      • Fatigue introduction
      • What causes fatigue?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
      • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for fatigue?
      • Can fatigue be prevented?
    • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
      • What is dry mouth?
      • How common is dry mouth?
      • What are the benefits of saliva?
      • What causes dry mouth?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
      • How do health care professionals diagnose dry mouth?
      • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
      • Is it possible to prevent dry mouth?
      • What is the prognosis of dry mouth?
    • Dysphagia Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dysphagia Article
      • Dysphagia facts
      • What is dysphagia?
      • What causes dysphagia?
      • Physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus
      • Diseases of the brain
      • Diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus
      • Diseases of skeletal muscle of the pharynx
      • Miscellaneous diseases
      • Swallowing-related symptoms
      • Non-swallowing-related
      • What is the differential diagnosis for dysphagia?
      • How is dysphagia evaluated and the cause diagnosed?
      • How is dysphagia treated?
      • What is the prognosis for dysphagia?
      • What does the future offer for dysphagia?
    • Stomach Flu vs. Food Poisoning The stomach flu (viral gastroenteritis) and food poisoning are not the same infections. However, they do have a few similar...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stomach Flu vs. Food Poisoning Article
      • What is the difference between the stomach flu vs. food poisoning?
      • Are the stomach flu and food poisoning contagious, and how are they spread (transmitted)?
      • What is the difference between the causes of the stomach flu vs. food poisoning?
      • What is the difference between the signs and symptoms of the stomach flu vs. food poisoning, and when do they begin?
      • What is the difference between how long the stomach flu vs. food poisoning recovery (how long does it last)?
      • How do you know if you have the stomach flu or food poisoning (tests and diagnosis)?
      • What natural, home remedies, foods, drinks, special diets, or medications relieve or cure these infections?
      • How can I prevent from getting the stomach flu or food poisoning?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with these infections?

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