Botulism Index

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Botulism is an illness caused by a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. There are three types of botulism: food-borne, wound, and infant. Symptoms include muscle paralysis, dry mouth, constipation, slurred speech, and blurred vision. If food-borne and wound botulism are detected early enough, they may be treated with an antitoxin. Infant botulism is treated intravenously with BabyBIG (Botulism Immune Globulin).


    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
      In This Article
      Constipation Article
      • Constipation facts
      • What is constipation?
      • What causes constipation?
      • Medications that cause constipation
      • Other causes of constipation
      • What are constipation symptoms?
      • How is constipation diagnosed (evaluated)?
      • Exams and tests
      • Imaging studies and other tests
      • What treatments are available for constipation?
      • Dietary fiber and bulk-forming laxatives to treat constipation
      • Other laxatives to treat constipation
      • Other laxatives and OTC products to treat constipation
      • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
      • Other treatments for constipation
      • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
      • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
      • What is new in the treatment of constipation?
    • Food Poisoning Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Food Poisoning Article
      • Food poisoning facts
      • What is food poisoning?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of food poisoning?
      • Are food poisoning and stomach flu the same thing?
      • How long does food poisoning last?
      • What are the types of food poisoning?
      • What are the causes of food poisoning?
      • Short incubation of less than 16 to 24 hours
      • Intermediate incubation from about 1 to 3 days
      • Long incubation of 3 to 5 days
      • Very long incubation of up to a month
      • When should the doctor be called for food poisoning?
      • How is food poisoning diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for food poisoning?
      • Are there any home remedies for food poisoning?
      • How can food poisoning be prevented?
      • What are the complications of food poisoning?
      • What is the prognosis for someone with food poisoning?
    • Dysphagia Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dysphagia Article
      • Dysphagia facts
      • What is dysphagia?
      • What causes dysphagia?
      • Physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus
      • Diseases of the brain
      • Diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus
      • Diseases of skeletal muscle of the pharynx
      • Miscellaneous diseases
      • Swallowing-related symptoms
      • Non-swallowing-related
      • What is the differential diagnosis for dysphagia?
      • How is dysphagia evaluated and the cause diagnosed?
      • How is dysphagia treated?
      • What is the prognosis for dysphagia?
      • What does the future offer for dysphagia?
    • Wrinkles Wrinkles, whether they be fine line or deep furrows, typically appear on areas of the body that receive a high amount of exposure...learn more »
      In This Article
      Wrinkles Article
      • Wrinkles facts
      • Introduction to wrinkles
      • What factors promote wrinkles?
      • What treatments and procedures are available for wrinkles?
    • Bioterrorism Bioterrorism is a form of terrorism where there is the intentional release of biological agents such as viruses, germs, or...learn more »
      In This Article
      Bioterrorism Article
      • What is bioterrorism?
      • What are the biological agents that can be utilized for bioterrorism?
      • What are the causes of bioterrorism in food?
      • What are other sources for detailed information on bioterrorism?
      • How can I prepare myself for a bioterrorism attack?
      • What are the warning signs of a bioterrorism attack?
      • What should I do if there has been a bioterrorism attack?
      • How do I know if I have been exposed to a bioterrorism agent?
      • Should I have some antibiotics on hand just in case I get exposed?
    • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Drug Abuse Article
      • Drug abuse and addiction facts
      • What is drug abuse?
      • What is drug addiction?
      • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
      • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
      • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
      • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
      • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
      • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
      • What are complications of drug addiction?
      • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
      • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
      • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?

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