Bone Marrow Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Bone Marrow that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood cells in which the growth and development of the blood cells are abnormal. Strictly...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leukemia Article
    • Leukemia facts
    • What is leukemia? What are the different types of leukemia?
    • What causes leukemia? Is leukemia hereditary?
    • What are leukemia risk factors?
    • What are leukemia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leukemia?
    • What is the treatment for leukemia?
    • What are complications of leukemia?
    • What is the prognosis of leukemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent leukemia?
    • What support groups are available for people with leukemia?
    • What research is being done on leukemia?
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • How is thrombocytopenia treated?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
  • Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Myeloma Article
    • Multiple myeloma facts
    • What is multiple myeloma?
    • What causes multiple myeloma?
    • What are risk factors for multiple myeloma?
    • What are multiple myeloma symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose multiple myeloma?
    • What are the stages of multiple myeloma?
    • What is the treatment for multiple myeloma?
    • What types of specialists treat multiple myeloma?
    • What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma?
    • What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
  • Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melanoma Article
    • Melanoma facts
    • What is melanoma?
    • What does melanoma look like? What are melanoma symptoms and signs?
    • What if the skin changes are rapid or dramatic?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for melanoma?
    • How can people estimate their level of risk for melanoma?
    • What are the types of melanoma?
    • How is melanoma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for melanoma?
    • How do doctors determine the prognosis (outlook) of a melanoma?
    • What methods are available to help prevent melanoma?
    • What research is being done on melanoma?
    • Where can people get more information about melanoma?
  • Pernicious Anemia Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not make enough red blood cells due to a lack of vitamin B12 in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pernicious Anemia Article
    • Pernicious anemia facts
    • What is pernicious anemia?
    • What is megaloblastic anemia?
    • What causes pernicious anemia?
    • Is pernicious anemia the same as vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia?
    • What are the symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency/ pernicious anemia?
    • What kinds of doctors treat pernicious anemia?
    • How is pernicious anemia/vitamin B-12 deficiency diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pernicious anemia and vitamin B-12 deficiency?
    • Can pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pernicious anemia/ vitamin B-12 deficiency?
  • Bone Cancer Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Cancer Article
    • What is bone cancer? What is metastatic bone cancer?
    • What are risk factors for bone cancer?
    • What causes bone cancer?
    • What are bone cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of bone cancer?
    • What kinds of bone cancer occur in children?
    • What tests are used to diagnose bone cancer?
    • What is the treatment for bone cancer?
    • What specialists treat bone cancer?
    • Are there any treatments or medications that relieve bone cancer pain?
    • What is the prognosis for bone cancer? What is the five-year survival rate for bone cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent bone cancer?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk factors?
    • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • Are there home remedies or alternative treatments for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a group of diseases resulting from abnormal deposition of certain proteins (amyloids) in various bodily areas. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amyloidosis Article
    • Amyloidosis facts
    • What is amyloidosis?
    • What causes amyloidosis?
    • What are risk factors for amyloidosis?
    • What are amyloidosis symptoms and signs?
    • What types of specialists treat amyloidosis?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose amyloidosis?
    • What is the treatment for amyloidosis?
    • What are complications of amyloidosis?
    • What is the prognosis of amyloidosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent amyloidosis?
    • Where can people find more information on amyloidosis?
  • Neutropenia Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neutropenia Article
    • Neutropenia facts
    • What is neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia defined?
    • What are the clinical consequences of neutropenia?
    • What causes neutropenia?
    • How is neutropenia diagnosed?
    • How is neutropenia treated?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Alpha Thalassemia Alpha thalassemia is a disorder in which the alpha globin protein is underproduced. There are two pairs of genes that carry the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha Thalassemia Article
    • Alpha thalassemia facts*
    • What is alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the symptoms of alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the types of alpha thalassemia?
    • How common is alpha thalassemia?
    • What genes are related to alpha thalassemia?
    • How do people inherit alpha thalassemia?
  • Stem Cells Stem cells are referred to as undifferentiated cells due to the fact that they have not yet committed to a developmental path to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stem Cells Article
    • Stem cell facts
    • What are stem cells?
    • Why are stem cells important?
    • Embryonic stem cells
    • Fetal stem cells
    • Adult stem cells
    • Peripheral blood stem cells
    • Umbilical cord stem cells
    • Induced pluripotent stem cells
    • Why is there controversy surrounding the use of stem cells?
    • What are some stem cell therapies that are currently available?
    • What are experimental treatments using stem cells and possible future directions for stem cell therapy?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children. Symptoms and signs include fever, easy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Article
    • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many immature lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
    • Family history and exposure to radiation may affect the risk of developing childhood ALL.
    • Possible signs of childhood ALL include fever and bruising.
    • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose childhood ALL.
    • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
    • In childhood ALL, risk groups are used instead of stages.
    • What is recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • There are different types of treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
    • New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.
    • What is the treatment for recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
  • Neuroblastoma Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that usually afflicts children under 5 years of age. The cancer forms in the adrenal glands,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuroblastoma Article
    • Neuroblastoma facts*
    • What is neuroblastoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of neuroblastoma?
    • What tests are used in the detection and diagnosis of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the prognosis for neuroblastoma?
    • What are the stages of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the treatment for neuroblastoma?
    • What are treatment options for neuroblastoma?
  • Burkitt Lymphoma Burkitt lymphomas are types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that affect the bone marrow and central nervous system. There are multiple...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burkitt Lymphoma Article
    • Burkitt lymphoma facts
    • What are Burkitt lymphomas?
    • What causes Burkitt lymphoma?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Burkitt lymphoma?
    • How is Burkitt lymphoma diagnosed?
    • How is the staging of Burkitt lymphoma determined?
    • What is the treatment for Burkitt lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Burkitt lymphoma?
    • What are the survival rates for patients with Burkitt lymphoma?
    • What is the follow-up care for Burkitt lymphoma?