Blood Transfusion Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Blood Transfusion that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Kidney Failure Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss,...learn more »
  • Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood cells in which the growth and development of the blood cells are abnormal. Strictly...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leukemia Article
    • Leukemia facts
    • What is leukemia? What are the different types of leukemia?
    • What causes leukemia? Is leukemia hereditary?
    • What are leukemia risk factors?
    • What are leukemia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leukemia?
    • What is the treatment for leukemia?
    • What are complications of leukemia?
    • What is the prognosis of leukemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent leukemia?
    • What support groups are available for people with leukemia?
    • What research is being done on leukemia?
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • How is thrombocytopenia treated?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms and signs of dengue include headache,...learn more »
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Bone Cancer Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Cancer Article
    • What is bone cancer? What is metastatic bone cancer?
    • What are risk factors for bone cancer?
    • What causes bone cancer?
    • What are bone cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of bone cancer?
    • What kinds of bone cancer occur in children?
    • What tests are used to diagnose bone cancer?
    • What is the treatment for bone cancer?
    • What specialists treat bone cancer?
    • Are there any treatments or medications that relieve bone cancer pain?
    • What is the prognosis for bone cancer? What is the five-year survival rate for bone cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent bone cancer?
  • Shock (Medical) Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, septic shock, anaphylactic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shock (Medical) Article
    • Shock facts
    • What is shock?
    • What are the types of shock?
    • What are the causes of shock?
    • What are the symptoms of shock?
    • When should I seek medical care for shock?
    • What is the treatment for shock?
    • Can shock be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for shock?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection, and how many people are infected?
    • What is the hepatitis C virus?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the contagious period for hepatitis C?
    • What is the incubation period for hepatitis C?
    • How long does it take for symptoms to appear after contracting hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C spread?
    • Can hepatitis C infection affect other organs besides the liver?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What type of doctor treats hepatitis C?
    • How is hepatitis C diagnosed?
    • Liver biopsy and non-invasive tests for hepatitis C
    • What medications cure hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the treatment guidelines for hepatitis C?
    • What is the treatment for people with acute hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the side effects of treatments for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for a person with hepatitis C?
    • How is monitoring done after treatment for hepatitis C?
    • What home remedies are available for hepatitis C?
    • What are the complications of undiagnosed hepatitis C?
    • Can hepatitis C be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of hepatitis C?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C?
  • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
    • Viral hepatitis facts
    • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
    • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
    • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
    • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
    • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
    • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
    • Hepatitis Vaccinations
    • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • In what foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Beta Thalassemia Beta Thalassemia is the most familiar type of thalassemia. Thalassemia is not just one disease but rather a complex series of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Beta Thalassemia Article
    • Thalassemia facts
    • What are the thalassemias?
    • What is beta thalassemia?
    • What is the difference between thalassemia minor and major?
    • What is Mediterranean anemia?
    • What is the genetic pattern of inheritance of beta thalassemia?
    • The diagnosis of thalassemia major and minor
    • The treatment of thalassemia major
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease), a blood disease which shortens life expectancy, is cause by an inherited abnormal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia) Article
    • Sickle cell anemia (SCD) facts
    • What is sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia inherited?
    • What conditions promote the sickling (distortion) of the red blood cells in sickle cell anemia?
    • How is sickle cell anemia diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and treatments of sickle cell anemia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with sickle cell anemia?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus? What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is hantavirus contagious?
    • How long is hantavirus contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for hantavirus?
    • What are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What specialties of doctors treat hantavirus?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Alpha Thalassemia Alpha thalassemia is a disorder in which the alpha globin protein is underproduced. There are two pairs of genes that carry the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha Thalassemia Article
    • Alpha thalassemia facts*
    • What is alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the symptoms of alpha thalassemia?
    • What are the types of alpha thalassemia?
    • How common is alpha thalassemia?
    • What genes are related to alpha thalassemia?
    • How do people inherit alpha thalassemia?
  • Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Newborn jaundice or neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes, whites of the eyes, and skin of a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in newborns (neonatal jaundice)
    • What causes jaundice in newborns?
    • Physiologic jaundice
    • Maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)
    • Breast milk jaundice
    • Breastfeeding jaundice
    • Cephalohematoma (a collection of blood under the scalp)
    • Red blood cell enzyme defects
    • Red blood cell membrane defects
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in newborns?
    • How is jaundice in newborns diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in newborns?
    • Can jaundice in newborns be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in newborns?
  • Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the bite of an infected sand fly. The most common types of leishmania infection are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leishmaniasis Article
    • Leishmaniasis facts
    • What is leishmaniasis?
    • What are the different types of leishmaniasis?
    • What causes leishmaniasis? How is leishmaniasis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for leishmaniasis?
    • What are leishmaniasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is leishmaniasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for leishmaniasis?
    • What is the prognosis of leishmaniasis?
    • Can leishmaniasis be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about leishmaniasis?
  • Chikungunya Virus (Chikungunya Infection) Chikungunya virus is an infection spread (transmitted) through a bite from an infected mosquito. Common symptoms of Chikungunya...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chikungunya Virus (Chikungunya Infection) Article
    • What is Chikungunya virus?
    • Where is Chikungunya virus most prevalent?
    • How is Chikungunya virus transmitted?
    • Is Chikungunya virus infection contagious?
    • What are Chikungunya virus infection symptoms?
    • How is Chikungunya virus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Chikungunya virus infection?
    • How can Chikungunya virus infection be prevented?
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include E....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Article
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) facts
    • What is a "syndrome?"
    • What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)?
    • What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How is hemolytic uremic syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How can hemolytic uremic syndrome be prevented?
  • Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Jaundice in infants occur when the baby's liver may not be developed enough to efficiently rid the body of bilirubin. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jaundice (Newborn, Kernicterus) Article
    • Newborn jaundice and Kernicterus facts
    • What is jaundice in newborns?
    • What is kernicterus?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • When should I contact my doctor if I think my newborn has jaundice?
    • When should I get emergency medical help if I think my newborn has jaundice?
    • How is newborn jaundice diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for newborn jaundice?
    • What are the risk factors for newborn jaundice?
    • What to do before leaving the hospital
    • What do I do if my baby has jaundice?
    • Where can I find support if my infant is affected by kernicterus?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulentE. coli infections?