Blood Clots Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Blood Clots. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Blood Clots or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from...learn more »
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes a urinary tract infection?
    • Are urinary tract infections contagious?
    • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
    • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
    • How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
    • What kinds of doctors treat urinary tract infections?
    • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
    • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
  • Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy,...learn more »
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) definition and facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissures
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulitis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Polypectomy
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • What kind of doctor treats rectal bleeding?
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine endoscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
  • 12 Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms,...learn more »
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimester of her pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Hematoma A hematoma is a collection of blood that is outside a blood vessel. There are different areas where hematomas occur including the...learn more »
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications of ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes type 1 and type 2 definition and facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • How many people in the US have diabetes?
    • 9 early signs and symptoms of diabetes
    • How do I know if I have diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the risk factors for diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • What is type 1 diabetes
    • What is type 2 diabetes
    • What are the other types of diabetes?
    • What kind of doctor treats diabetes?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow the complications of diabetes?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with diabetes?
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause vaginal bleeding after menopause or abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What causes vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in the deep veins, and can be caused by broken bones, trauma to a limb, immobility,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Article
    • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) facts
    • What is deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • What are the causes of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • What are the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • When should I seek medical care for deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • What kind of doctor treats DVT?
    • How is deep vein thrombosis diagnosed (DVT)?
    • What is the treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • What medications treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • Surgery for deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
    • What are the complications of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
    • Can deep vein thrombosis (DVT) be prevented?
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) definition and facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • Decreased platelet production
    • Increased platelet destruction or consumption
    • Splenic sequestration
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat thrombycytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose osteoporosis?
    • What types of specialists treat osteoporosis?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements for osteoporosis
    • Vitamin D for osteoporosis
    • Can adding certain foods to one's diet help to prevent osteoporosis?
    • Are there foods to avoid when it comes to osteoporosis?
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
  • Lymphedema Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lymphedema Article
    • Lymphedema facts
    • What is lymphedema?
    • What does lymphedema look like (pictures)?
    • What causes lymphedema?
    • What are the symptoms of lymphedema?
    • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
    • What are possible treatments for lymphedema?
    • What are complications of lymphedema?
    • Can lymphedema be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
    • Where can one get help and support for lymphedema?
  • Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Article
    • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) facts
    • What is the spleen, and what does it do (function)?
    • What type of pain, and where is the pain located with an enlarged spleen?
    • What are other signs and symptoms of an enlarged spleen?
    • Where is the spleen, and what does it look like?
    • What are the causes of an enlarged spleen?
    • How is the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen made?
    • What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen?
    • What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen?
    • Can an enlarged spleen be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with an enlarged spleen?
  • Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) Article
    • Pulmonary embolism facts
    • What is a pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism?
    • How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed?
    • PERC Rule for Pulmonary Embolus
    • Basic testing (CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine blood test, chest X-ray, EKG)
    • Pulmonary angiogram
    • d-Dimer blood test
    • CT scan
    • Ventilation-perfusion scans
    • Venous Doppler study
    • Echocardiography
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary embolism?
    • Anticoagulation
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary embolism?
    • Can pulmonary embolism be prevented?
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral vascular disease facts
    • What is peripheral vascular disease?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • How does atherosclerosis cause disease?
    • What are potential complications of peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the other causes of peripheral vascular diseases?
    • Who is at risk for peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of peripheral artery disease?
    • How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Supervised exercise
    • Peripheral vascular disease medications
    • Angioplasty for peripheral vascular disease
    • Surgery for peripheral vascular disease
  • Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Article
    • Abdominal adhesions facts*
    • What are abdominal adhesions?
    • What causes abdominal adhesions?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
    • What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
    • What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
    • Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Angina Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Angina Article
    • What is angina?
    • What causes angina?
    • What are the different types of angina?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
    • How is angina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for angina?
    • Angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery
    • What are other methods are used to evaluate angina?
    • What is the prognosis for angina?
    • Can angina be prevented?
  • Scalp Psoriasis Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scalp Psoriasis Article
    • What is scalp psoriasis?
    • What is the cause of scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis home remedies and topical treatments? Are there shampoos for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are office treatments for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are systemic treatments for psoriasis?
    • What is the prognosis of scalp psoriasis? Is there a cure?
    • Which physicians treat scalp psoriasis?
    • Are there support groups for individuals with psoriasis?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only...learn more »
    In This Article
    Wisdom Teeth Article
    • What are wisdom teeth?
    • How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
    • Do all wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
    • What are signs and symptoms of an infected wisdom tooth?
    • What if the wisdom teeth hurt and they cannot be extracted right away?
    • Are home remedies effective for treating wisdom tooth pain?
    • How is wisdom tooth extraction performed?
    • What is the recovery time after wisdom teeth extraction?
    • What can I eat after getting my wisdom teeth out?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of wisdom teeth extraction?
    • How much does wisdom tooth removal cost?
  • Phlebitis Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is when a blood clot causes the inflammation. Phlebitis can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phlebitis Article
    • Phlebitis facts
    • What is phlebitis and thrombophlebitis?
    • What causes phlebitis?
    • What are the risk factors for phlebitis?
    • What are the symptoms of phlebitis?
    • How is phlebitis diagnosed?
    • How is phlebitis treated?
    • What are the complications of phlebitis?
    • Can phlebitis be prevented?
  • Head Injury (Brain Injury) In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Injury (Brain Injury) Article
    • Head injury facts
    • Head injury introduction
    • What are the causes of head injury?
    • What are the symptoms of a head injury?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • When should I contact a doctor about a head injury?
    • How is a head injury diagnosed?
    • How is a head injury treated?
    • What is the prognosis for a head injury?
    • How can a head injury be prevented?
    • What about a head injury in infants and young children?
  • Aortic Stenosis Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Stenosis Article
    • Aortic valve stenosis facts
    • What is aortic stenosis?
    • What causes aortic stenosis?
    • How does aortic stenosis affect the left ventricle pump?
    • What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?
    • What might the doctor find in patients with aortic stenosis?
    • How is aortic stenosis diagnosed?
    • How is aortic stenosis treated?
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Article
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) facts
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the causes of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the risk factors for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the symptoms of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • How is transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What is the prognosis for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
  • Hydronephrosis Distention of the kidney with urine. Hydronephrosis is caused by obstruction of urine outflow (for example, by a stone blocking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydronephrosis Article
    • Hydronephrosis facts
    • What is hydronephrosis?
    • What causes hydronephrosis?
    • What are the symptoms of hydronephrosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for hydronephrosis?
    • How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydronephrosis?
    • What are the complications of hydronephrosis?
    • Can hydronephrosis be prevented?
  • Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) Atrial fibrillation or AFib is an abnormality in the heart rhythm which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart....learn more »
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease facts
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • Diabetes Treatment The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar....learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes Treatment Article
    • Diabetes treatment facts
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Medications for type 2 diabetes
    • Meglitinides (Prandin and Starlix)
    • Sulfonylureas
    • Metformin (Glucophage)
    • Canagliflozin (Invokana) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga)
    • Thiazolidinediones: pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia)
    • Acarbose (Precose)
    • Pramlintide (Symlin)
    • Exenatide (Byetta)
    • Liraglutide (Victoza)
    • Long-acting exenatide (Bydureon)
    • Albiglutide (Tanzeum)
    • Dulaglutide (Trulicity)
    • DPP-IV inhibitors (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin)
    • Combination medications
    • Treatment of diabetes with insulin
    • Different methods of delivering insulin
    • Diabetes diet
    • The future of pancreas transplantation
  • Stress and Heart Disease The connection between stress and heart disease is not clear. Stress itself may be a risk factor, or high levels of stress may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress and Heart Disease Article
    • Heart disease and stress introduction
    • How Does Stress Increase the Risk for Heart Disease?
    • Does Stress Affect Everyone the Same?
    • What Causes Stress?
    • What Are the Warning Signs of Stress?
    • How Can I Cope With Stress?
    • How Can I Keep a Positive Attitude?
    • How Can I Reduce My Stressors?
    • How Can I Learn How to Relax?
    • Guidelines for Healthy Eating to Fight Stress
    • What if Sleep Problems Are Contributing to my Stress
  • Heart Disease Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Disease Article
    • What is cardiovascular disease?
    • What are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
    • What causes cardiovascular disease?
    • What are the symptoms of cardiovascular?
    • How is cardiovascular disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cardiovascular disease?
    • What is the prognosis for cardiovascular disease?
    • Can cardiovascular disease be prevented?
  • Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome is hereditary condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marfan Syndrome Article
    • Marfan syndrome facts*
    • What is Marfan syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
    • What causes Marfan syndrome?
    • How is Marfan syndrome diagnosed?
    • What types of doctors treat Marfan syndrome?
    • What treatment options are available for Marfan syndrome?
    • What are some of the emotional and psychological effects of Marfan syndrome?
    • What research is being conducted on Marfan syndrome?
    • Where can people find additional information about Marfan syndrome?
  • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholesterol Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are the different types of cholesterol?
    • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
    • Where does cholesterol come from?
    • What are normal cholesterol levels?
    • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
    • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
    • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?
  • How the Heart Works The heart is a very important organ in the body. It is responsible for continuously pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    How the Heart Works Article
    • Intoduction to How The Heart Works
    • How Does Blood Travel Through the Heart?
    • Where Is Your Heart and What Does It Look Like?
    • How Does Blood Flow Through the Heart?
    • How Does Blood Flow Through Your Lungs?
    • What Are the Coronary Arteries of the Heart?
    • How Does the Heart Beat?
  • Cauliflower Ear Cauliflower ear, or "Boxer's Ear" is caused by an injury to the ear, usually by blunt trauma from sports such as boxing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cauliflower Ear Article
    • What is cauliflower ear?
    • What causes cauliflower ear?
    • What are the symptoms of cauliflower ear?
    • What is the treatment for cauliflower ear?
    • What is the prognosis for cauliflower ear?
    • How can cauliflower ear be prevented?
  • Carotid Artery Disease The term carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries and can also be called carotid stenosis. Fatty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carotid Artery Disease Article
    • What is carotid artery disease?
    • What are the causes of carotid artery disease?
    • What are the risk factors for carotid artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms of carotid artery disease?
    • How is carotid artery disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for carotid artery disease?
    • Surgery for carotid artery disease
    • What are the complications of carotid artery disease?
    • Can carotid artery disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for carotid artery disease?
  • Portal Hypertension Portal hypertension is most commonly caused by cirrhosis, a disease in which results from scarring of a liver injury. Other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Portal Hypertension Article
    • What is portal hypertension?
    • What causes portal hypertension?
    • What are the symptoms of portal hypertension?
    • How is the diagnosis of portal hypertension made?
    • What is the treatment for portal hypertension?
    • What are the complications of portal hypertension?
    • Can portal hypertension be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for portal hypertension?
  • Heart Disease in Women Heart disease in women has somewhat different symptoms, risk factors, and treatment compared to heart disease in men. Many women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Disease in Women Article
    • Heart disease in women facts
    • What is cardiovascular disease (CVD)?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are the statistics for heart disease in women?
    • What are the gender differences?
    • What are heart disease risk factors for women?
    • Lifestyle
    • Clinical measures and biomarkers of risk
    • How is heart disease risk calculated?
    • What causes heart disease in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of heart disease in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of stroke?
    • How is heart disease in women diagnosed?
    • Imaging studies
    • Invasive testing
    • Laboratory testing
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Heart Attacks in Women Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attacks in Women Article
    • One woman's heart attack story
    • What is heart disease?
    • Do women need to worry about heart disease?
    • Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
    • What can I do to prevent heart disease?
    • What does high blood pressure have to do with heart disease?
    • How can I lower my blood pressure?
    • What does high cholesterol have to do with heart disease?
    • What do my cholesterol and triglyceride numbers mean?
    • How can I lower my cholesterol?
    • How do I know if I have heart disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
    • One of my family members had a heart attack. Does that mean I'll have one too?
    • Sometimes my heart beats really fast and other times it feels like my heart skips a beat. Am I having a heart attack?
    • Should I take a daily aspirin to prevent heart attack?
    • Does taking birth control pills increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does using the birth control patch increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does menopausal hormone therapy (HT, HRT, ET) increase a woman's risk for heart disease?
    • For more information on heart disease in women
  • Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Newborn jaundice or neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes, whites of the eyes, and skin of a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice) Article
    • Jaundice definition
    • Jaundice in newborns (neonatal jaundice)
    • What causes jaundice in newborns?
    • Physiologic jaundice
    • Maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)
    • Breast milk jaundice
    • Breastfeeding jaundice
    • Cephalohematoma (a collection of blood under the scalp)
    • Red blood cell enzyme defects
    • Red blood cell membrane defects
    • What are the symptoms of jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the risk factors for jaundice in newborns?
    • How is jaundice in newborns diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for jaundice in newborns?
    • What are the complications of jaundice in newborns?
    • Can jaundice in newborns be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of jaundice in newborns?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Article
    • What Is dilated cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • How is Dilated Cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What surgeries are used to treat Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
  • Vascular Disease Vascular disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system. Vascular disease ranges from diseases of your...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral artery disease
    • Aneurysm
    • Renal (kidney) artery disease
    • Raynaud's Phenomenon
    • Buerger's Disease
    • Peripheral venous disease
    • Varicose veins
    • Blood clots in the veins
    • Blood clotting disorders
    • Lymphedema
  • Heart Attack Treatment A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Treatment Article
    • What is a heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack treated?
    • Antiplatelet agents
    • Aspirin
    • Thienopyridines
    • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors
    • Anticoagulants
    • Clot-dissolving drugs
    • Coronary angiography and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
    • Coronary artery stents
    • Nitrates
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
    • Beta blockers
    • Oxygen
    • Coronary artery bypass
    • What can a patient expect during recovery from a heart attack?
    • How can a second heart attack be prevented?
  • Arteriovenous Malformation Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arteriovenous Malformation Article
    • What are arteriovenous malformations?
    • What are the symptoms of arteriovenous malformations?
    • How do arteriovenous malformations damage the brain and spinal cord?
    • Where do neurological arteriovenous malformations tend to form?
    • What are the health consequences of arteriovenous malformations?
    • What other types of vascular lesions affect the central nervous system?
    • What causes vascular lesions?
    • How are arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions detected?
    • How can arteriovenous malformations and other vascular lesions be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • Stroke Prevention Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Prevention Article
    • Introduction
    • What is a Stroke?
    • What are Warning Signs of a Stroke?
    • What are Risk Factors for a Stroke?
    • What Are the Treatable Risk Factors?
    • Do You Know Your Stroke Risk?
  • Atrial Fibrillation Warning Symptoms and Signs Atrial fibrillation or AFib is a type of hear rhythm abnormality. Early warning signs and symptoms of atrial fibrillation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atrial Fibrillation Warning Symptoms and Signs Article
    • What is atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of atrial fibrillation (AFib)?
    • What does atrial fibrillation feel like?
    • Are heart attack symptoms different from atrial fibrillation symptoms?
    • Do all types of atrial fibrillation have the same symptoms?
    • How are atrial fibrillation symptoms managed?
  • Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Pregnancy can bring challenges like weight gain, stretch marks, varicose veins, heartburn, constipation, hemorrhoids, problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Body Changes and Discomforts Article
    • Introduction
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay inlcudes graphics, pictures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay Article
    • What is a Heart Attack?
    • What are the structures and functions of a normal coronary artery?
    • What happens to the coronary artery in atherosclerosis?
    • Who gets coronary artery plaques and what happens to the plaques?
    • What happens to the heart muscle after a person survives a Heart Attack?
    • Can a person have more than one heart attack?
  • Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children. Symptoms and signs include fever, easy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Article
    • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many immature lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
    • Family history and exposure to radiation may affect the risk of developing childhood ALL.
    • Possible signs of childhood ALL include fever and bruising.
    • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose childhood ALL.
    • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
    • In childhood ALL, risk groups are used instead of stages.
    • What is recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
    • There are different types of treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
    • New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials.
    • What is the treatment for recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)?
  • High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • Why should I be concerned about cholesterol?
    • What's the difference between "good" and "bad" cholesterol?
    • How much cholesterol is too much?
    • Can I lower my risk for heart disease if I lower my cholesterol?
    • What makes my cholesterol levels go up?
    • What can I do to lower my cholesterol?
    • What medications are used to treat high cholesterol?
    • If a product's package reads "low cholesterol" does that mean that the product is low in fat and safe to eat?
    • At what age should people begin having their cholesterol checked?
  • Travel Medicine Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travel Medicine Article
    • Why should travelers see a physician before they leave on a trip?
    • What diseases occur in travelers, and how can disease be prevented?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Malaria
    • Meningitis and encephalitis
    • Yellow fever
    • Hepatitis A
    • Typhoid fever
    • Polio
    • Cholera
    • What about diseases for which there is no vaccine or preventive medication?
    • What is safe to eat and drink while traveling?
    • What can I do to avoid insect bites?
    • What should be in my travel first-aid kit or medicine kit?
    • What are the medical concerns with jet lag?
    • What if I have a medical condition or a chronic disease?
    • What if I'm traveling while pregnant?
    • What about traveling with children?
    • Travel health insurance & medical evacuation insurance
    • Travel safety and health alerts
    • Where can I find additional information?
  • Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home Article
    • Diabetes home care management facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Exercise therapy for diabetes
    • Diet therapy for diabetes
    • Diabetes and drug therapy
    • How is diabetic treatment monitored at home?
    • Blood glucose reagent strips
    • Blood glucose meters
    • Urine glucose tests
    • Tests for urinary ketones
    • Blood glucose
    • Continuous glucose sensors (CGMS)
    • Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) testing
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Heart Attack Prevention Series Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that help decrease one's cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as reduce the risk of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • What are fats, fatty acids, and omega-3 fatty acids?
    • What are the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids?
    • What is the scientific evidence behind omega-3 fatty acids?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Cholesterol is naturally produced by the body, and is a building block for cell membranes and hormones. Low-density lipoprotein...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Article
    • Cholesterol levels facts
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are LDL and HDL cholesterol?
    • What determines the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood?
    • Does lowering LDL cholesterol prevent heart attacks and strokes?
    • How can LDL cholesterol levels be lowered?
    • What are "normal" cholesterol blood levels?
    • What are the 2013 ACC/AHA Guidelines?
    • Why is HDL the good cholesterol?
    • What are LDL/HDL and total/HDL ratios?
    • How can levels of HDL cholesterol be increased?
    • What are triglycerides and VLDL?
    • Do high triglyceride levels cause atherosclerosis?
    • What causes elevated triglyceride levels?
    • How can elevated blood triglyceride levels be treated?
    • What are cholesterol-lowering foods?
    • What medications are available to lower cholesterol, lipids, and triglycerides?
    • Is lowering LDL cholesterol enough?
  • Heart Attack Prevention About every 43 seconds in the US one in person in the US has a heart attack. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Article
    • Heart attack prevention facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack in men and women?
    • Are signs and symptoms of a heart attack different in women?
    • What can I do to prevent a heart attack when home alone?
    • What kinds of diets are recommended to prevent heart attacks?
    • What tips and lifestyle changes can be made to prevent a heart attack?
    • Will exercise reduce my risk of having a heart attack?
    • What diseases or conditions put a person at a higher risk for a heart attack?
  • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Article
    • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs or islet cell tumors) facts*
    • What are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)?
    • What are the different types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are signs and symptoms of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests assess the specific type of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • What factors affect the treatment options and prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • How do doctors determine the staging of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • How does cancer spread in the body?
    • What is metastasis?
    • What are recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are the treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • Are there clinical trials for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatment options for recurrent or progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (islet cell tumors)?
  • Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • Homocysteine, folic acid, and B vitamins
    • What about antioxidants for heart attack prevention?
    • How about exercise for heart attack prevention?
    • What about smoking cessation for heart attack prevention?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Smoking and Heart Disease Smoking increases the risk of heart disease in women and men. Nicotine in cigarettes decrease oxygen to the heart, increases...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking and Heart Disease Article
    • Smoking and heart disease introduction
    • How does smoking increase heart disease risk?
    • How can quitting smoking be helpful?
    • How to quit smoking
    • What should I do first to stop smoking?
    • How can I avoid smoking again?
  • Locked-in Syndrome Locked-in syndrome is a condition that causes paralysis and the inability to speak or move the face. A hemorrhage and blood clot...learn more »
    In This Article
    Locked-in Syndrome Article
    • Locked-in syndrome facts
    • What is locked-in syndrome?
    • What causes locked-in syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of locked-in syndrome?
    • How is locked-in syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for locked-in syndrome?
    • Is recovery from locked-in syndrome possible?
    • What statistics are associated with locked-in syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis with locked-in syndrome?
    • Can locked-in syndrome be prevented?
    • Additional information on locked-in syndrome
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?