Blood clot facts
- Blood clots form when blood fails to circulate adequately.
- Arterial thrombi form when a plaque ruptures and promotes an acute clot formation.
- Venous thrombosis occurs when prolonged immobilization allows blood to pool in an extremity and then clot.
- The diagnosis is suggested by the history and physical examination and often confirmed with an imaging test.
- Treatment may require surgery, anti-coagulation medications, or a combination of the two.
- Prevention of blood clots involves attention to the risk factors for vascular disease.
- Serious complications can arise from blood clots, and individuals should seek medical care if they believe a blood clot exists.
Reviewed on 2/27/2015
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